Washington Declaration (2005) (excerpts)

WASHINGTON, DC DECLARATION

OF THE OSCE PARLIAMENTARY ASSEMBLY

AND

RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED

AT THE FOURTEENTH ANNUAL SESSION

WASHINGTON, DC, 1 to 5 JULY 2005

30 YEARS SINCE HELSINKI: CHALLENGES AHEAD

CHAPTER I

POLITICAL AFFAIRS AND SECURITY

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The OSCE Parliamentary Assembly:

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5. Advocating that the Caucasus and Central Asia, as OSCE areas bordering the Middle East and the Indian Subcontinent, become an increasing operational challenge for the OSCE due to a number of standing challenges posed by trafficking in human beings, illicit drugs and arms, environmental security and illegal migration; and, acknowledging that as such, they will require more resources and operational attention in the future,

6. Underlining that the Eurasian traffic in illict drugs from the Golden Crescent, adding to a similar drug traffic from North Africa to the Mediterranean, is an increasing security concern for the internal security of the OSCE area, as well as in the OSCE states’ relations with non-member states and bearing in mind the network of drug trafficking, smuggling in arms, terrorism, organized crime and trafficking in human beings; and the need for international cooperation to tackle these challenges effectively,

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CHAPTER II

ECONOMIC AFFAIRS, SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT

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26. Noting that poverty, widening economic and social disparities and high unemployment should be tackled as major root causes of global security threats, such as terrorism, extremism, organized crime, including financial crime, trafficking of all kinds, and illegal migration,

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The OSCE Parliamentary Assembly:

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43. Underlines the need to continue elaborating effective strategies, reinforced by a normative and legal foundation, for the fight against terrorism, organized crime, prostitution, trafficking in human beings, drugs and weapons, and money laundering;

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CHAPTER III

DEMOCRACY, HUMAN RIGHTS AND HUMANITARIAN QUESTIONS

The OSCE Parliamentary Assembly:

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56. Condemns once more all forms of criminal offences, trafficking and practices degrading to human dignity and all forms of trafficking in human beings, and urges participating states to pool their efforts to combat this scourge;

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RESOLUTION ON THE NEED TO STRENGTHEN THE CODE OF CONDUCT FOR OSCE MISSION MEMBERS

1. Noting that full and true equality between men and women is a fundamental aspect of a just and democratic society as stated by the Moscow Meeting of the third conference on the Human Dimension of the CSCE 1991,

2. Noting that in this context the participating states committed themselves (40.7) “to seek to eliminate all forms of violence against women, and all forms of traffic in women and exploitation of prostitution of women including by ensuring adequate legal prohibition against such acts and other appropriate measures”,

3. Noting that prostitution is an undesirable social phenomenon and is an obstacle to the ongoing development towards equality between women and men and noting also that women in prostitution have few other options and most of them do not make a rational choice to enter prostitution,

4. Noting that international aid workers and peace keepers who exploit prostitutes in the field have been duly criticized and that exploitation of positions of unequal power undermines the credibility of humanitarian work and damages victims, their families and communities,

5. Noting that such behaviour has, in fact, resulted in an increase of the trafficking of women and children,

The OSCE Parliamentary Assembly:

6. Underlines the need to uphold the highest ethical standard of integrity, accountability and transparency in all OSCE activities;

7. Commends the Code of Conduct for OSCE mission members;

8. Welcomes a rule of zero tolerance for UN aid workers who buy sexual services;

9. Remains determined to fulfil all the human dimension commitments of the OSCE;

10. Recommends that the Code of Conduct for OSCE mission members be completed by prohibiting the purchase of sexual services. In this instance “sexual services” does not only mean “cash purchases” of sexual services from prostitutes, visits to brothels, etc. but also “private support” in the form of payment of bills, rents, school fees etc. in exchange for sexual services. Recommends also that visits to pornography establishments, strip joints or similar clubs not be permitted as this could mean lending support to crimes such as trafficking and other criminal activities;

11. Urges that all persons involved in OSCE activities follow the Code of Conduct amended as recommended above.

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