Law on the Legal Status of Foreigners and Stateless Persons (1996) (excerpt)

THE LAW OF THE AZERBAIJAN REPUBLIC ON THE LEGAL STATUS OF FOREIGNERS AND STATELESS PERSONS (1996) (unofficial translation, excerpt)

Chapter I. GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1. The purpose of the law

The present law regulates public relations arising in connection with the legal status of foreigners and stateless persons.

Article 2. Principle concepts

Foreigners – persons who are not citizens of the Azerbaijan Republic and are citizens of other countries.

Stateless persons – persons who are neither citizens of the Azerbaijan Republic nor citizens of other countries.

Foreigners and stateless persons are considered permanent residents of the Azerbaijan Republic in case of receipt, in accordance with the established order, of permission for permanent presence in the Azerbaijan Republic or of the right to permanent residence in the Azerbaijan Republic.

Foreigners and stateless persons arriving in the Azerbaijan Republic according to another legal basis (tourism; arriving in connection with private business; sending on a business mission; and other analogous cases of a temporary nature) are considered temporarily residing in the Azerbaijan Republic.

Emigrants – foreigners or stateless persons leaving their countries for a long time on that or other reasons and arriving in the Azerbaijan Republic for residence.

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Article 4. Principles of the legal status of foreigners and stateless persons

Foreigners and stateless persons are entitled to all the same rights and freedoms as, and perform all duties on an equal basis with, the citizens of the Azerbaijan Republic, unless otherwise qualified by the Constitution of the Azerbaijan Republic, by the present law, by other legislative acts of the Azerbaijan Republic, or by international treaties to which the Azerbaijan Republic is party.

The realization of rights and freedoms of foreigners and stateless persons would not contradict national interests of the Azerbaijan Republic. Foreigners and stateless persons would observe requirements of the Constitution of the Azerbaijan Republic, laws and other legislative acts of the Azerbaijan Republic and respect customs and traditions of the Azerbaijan people.

If a foreign country restricts the realization of rights and freedoms of citizens of the Azerbaijan Republic on its territory, adequate restrictions could be established by law of the Azerbaijan Republic for citizens of this country on the territory of the Azerbaijan Republic. Such law is abrogated once the causes that were the grounds for its adoption no longer exist.

Foreigners and stateless persons are equal before the Law and Court of the Azerbaijan Republic, regardless of their social status, property status, racial and national group, sex, language, religion, type and nature of business and other circumstances.

Rights and freedoms of foreigners and stateless persons on the territory of the Azerbaijan Republic can be restricted only according to the order established by Part 2 of Article 69 of the Constitution of the Azerbaijan Republic.

Chapter II. RIGHTS, FREEDOMS AND DUTIES OF FOREIGNERS AND STATELESS PERSONS

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Article 20. Right to take part in public unions

Foreigners and stateless persons permanently residing in the Azerbaijan Republic have rights to enter in public unions on equal grounds with the citizens of the Azerbaijan Republic, unless otherwise qualified by laws of the Azerbaijan Republic and by a Charter of relevant unions.

Foreigners and stateless persons may not be members of political parties of the Azerbaijan Republic. (...)

Article 23. Tax and customs levy from foreigners and stateless persons

Tax and Customs Levy from foreigners and stateless persons is fulfilled on the grounds of laws of the Azerbaijan Republic and international treaties to which the Azerbaijan Republic is party.

Chapter III. RESPONSIBILITY OF FOREIGNERS AND STATELESS PERSONS

Article 24. Principles of responsibility of foreigners and stateless persons

Foreigners and stateless persons who commit criminal, administrative or other delinquencies bear a responsibility according to the order established by legislation of the Azerbaijan Republic.