Criminal Code (1995, as of 2015) (excerpts)

(unofficial translation)

CRIMINAL CODE

(adopted 27 January 1995)

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SPECIAL PART

CHAPTER I

CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY

Article 74

Crimes against humanity

(amended 24 January 2001)

Killing, massacres, slavery, internal exile and deportation, as well as any act of torture or other inhumane violence committed for political, ideological, racial, ethnic and religious reasons, are punishable by no less than fifteen years of imprisonment, or with life imprisonment.

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CHAPTER II

CRIMINAL OFFENCES AGAINST THE PERSON CRIMES AGAINST LIFE

SECTION VIII

CRIMINAL ACTS AGAINST MORALITY AND DIGNITY

 

Article 119/b

Insulting due to racist or xenophobic motives through the computer system

(Added by law no. 10 023, dated 27.11.2008, article 13)

Intentional insulting of a person in public, through a computer system, because of ethnicity, nationality, race or religion constitutes a criminal misdemeanor and is punishable by fine or imprisonment of up to two years.

 

SECTION X

CRIMINAL ACTS AGAINST FREEDOM OF RELIGION 

Article 132

Destruction or damage of objects of worship

The intentional destruction or damage of objects of worship, when it has caused the partial or total loss of their value, is punishable by a fine or by up to three years of imprisonment.

 

 

CHAPTER VIII

CRIMES AGAINST THE STATE AUTHORITY

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SECTION II

CRIMINAL ACTS AGAINST THE ACTIVITY OF THE STATE COMMITTED BY STATE OR PUBLIC OFFICIALS

 

Article 253

Violating equality of the citizens

(Words added up by law no.144, dated 02.05.2013, Article 40)

 

Discrimination by a worker holding a state function or public service conducted because of his capacity or during its exercise, when the discrimination is based upon origin, sex, sexual orientation or gender identity, health situation, religious or political beliefs, trade-union activity or because of belonging to a particular ethnic group, nation, race or religion, which consists in creating unfair privileges or in refusing a right or benefit deriving from law, is punishable by a fine or up to five years of imprisonment.

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SECTION III

CRIMINAL ACTS AGAINST PUBLIC ORDER AND SECURITY

 

Article 265

Incitement of hatred or disputes

(Amended by law no.144, dated 02.05.2013, Article 41)

Inciting hate or disputes on the grounds of race, ethnicity, religion or sexual orientation, as well as intentional preparation, dissemination or preservation for purposes of distributing writings with such content, by any means or forms, shall be punishable by imprisonment of from two to ten years.

 

Article 266

Calls for national hatred

(Words added up by Law no.144, dated 02.05.2013, Article 42)

 

Endangering public peace by calling for national hatred against other parts of the population, by insulting or defaming them, or by requesting the use of force or arbitrary actions against them, is punishable by imprisonment of from two to eight years.

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