Criminal Code (1996, amended 2012) (excerpts)

The Criminal Code of The Russian Federation (excerpts)

No. 63-Fz Of June 13, 1996
(with Amendments up to March 1, 2012)

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Article 59. Capital Punishment
1.
Capital punishment, as an exclusive penalty, may be imposed only for especially grave crimes encroaching on human life.
2.
Capital punishment shall not be applied to women, nor to persons who have committed offences at below 18 years of age, nor to men who have reached 65 years of age by the time of adjudication.
2.1.
Capital punishment shall not be applied to persons extradited to the Russian Federation by a foreign state for criminal prosecution under an international treaty made by the Russian Federation or on the basis of the principle of reciprocity, if the legislation of the foreign state that has extradited the person does not provide for the imposition of capital punishment for the crime committed by this person, or he/she has been extradited on condition of the non-application of capital punishment, or he/she may not be sentenced to the death penalty for other reasons.
3.
Capital punishment may be replaced by way of a pardon with deprivation of liberty for life or by deprivation of liberty for a term of 25 years.

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Article 105. Murder
2. The murder:
a) of two or more persons;
b) of a person or his relatives in connection with the official activity of this person or the
discharge of his public duty;
c) a minor or another person who is, knowingly for the guilty person, in a helpless state, as well as attended by abduction of a human being;
d) of a woman who is known by the killer to be in a state of pregnancy;
e) committed with heightened cruelty;
f) committed by a generally dangerous method;
f.1) by reason of blood feud;
g) committed by a group of persons, a group of persons by previous concert, or an organised group;
h) committed out of mercenary motives by hire, or attended by robbery with violence, racketeering, or banditry;
i) committed maliciously;
j) committed with the purpose of concealing another crime or facilitating its commission, and also murder accompanied by rape or violent sexual actions;
k) committed by reason of political, ideological, racial, national or religious hatred or enmity, or by reason of hatred or enmity with respect to some social group;
l) committed for the purpose of obtaining the organs or tissues of the victim, -
m) abolished
shall be punishable with deprivation of liberty for a term of from eight to 20 years with
restriction of liberty for a term from one year to two years, or by deprivation of liberty for life, or by the death penalty.

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Article 277. Encroachment on the Life of a Statesman or a Public Figure
Encroachment on the life of a statesman or a public figure, committed for the purpose of terminating his government or any other political activity, or out of revenge for such activity,
Shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of 12 to 20 years with restriction of liberty for a term of up to two years, or by imprisonment for life, or by capital punishment.

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Article 295. Encroachment on the Life of a Person Administering Justice or Engaged in a
Preliminary Investigation
Encroachment on the life of a judge, juror, or any other person participating in the administration of justice, of a procurator, investigator, a person conducting a inquest, a defence lawyer, a forensic expert, a specialist, a bailiff, or officer of justice, and also of their relatives, in connection with the examination of cases or materials in court, with the preliminary investigation or the execution of a court's judgement or decision, or any other judicial act, accomplished for the purpose of obstructing the lawful activity of said persons or out of revenge for such activity,
Shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of 12 to 20 years with restriction of liberty for a term of up to two years, or by deprivation of liberty for life, or by capital punishment.

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Article 317. Encroachment on the Life of an Officer of a Law-enforcement Agency
Encroachment on the life of an officer of a law-enforcement body, or of a serviceman, and also of their relatives, for the purpose of obstructing the lawful activity of said persons to protect public order and security, or out of vengeance for such activity,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of twelve to twenty years with restriction of liberty for a term of up to two years, or by life imprisonment, or by capital punishment.

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Article 357. Genocide
Actions aimed at the complete or partial extermination of a national, ethnic, racial or religious group as such by killing its members, inflicting grave injuries to their health, forcible prevention of childbirth, forcible transfer of children, forcible resettlement, or by any other method of creating living conditions meant for the physical destruction of the members of this group,
Shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of 12 to 20 years with restriction of liberty for a term of up to two years, or by deprivation of liberty for life, or by capital punishment.