Criminal Code (2005) (excerpts)

Criminal Code of Slovakia (2005) (excerpts)

(...)

Section 318
Espionage

(1) Any person who seeks to discover the information classified in order to protect the interests of the Slovak Republic, or to protect the interests of other state, an intenational organisation, supranational organisation or association of states, the interests whereof the Slovak Republic has pledged to protect, which is marked by law with the classification levels of Top Secret or Secret, with the aim of handing it over to a foreign power or a foreign agent, or who, with the same aim, gathers data comprising such classified information, or who intentionally relays such classified information to a foreign power, shall be liable to a term of imprisonment of four to ten years.
(2) The offender shall be liable to a term of imprisonment of eight to fifteen years if he commits the offence referred to in paragraph 1,
a) in the capacity of a member of an organisation whose mission is to seek access to classified information, or
b) in spite of having been specifically assigned an obligation not to disclose classified information.
(3) The offender shall be liable to a term of imprisonment of fifteen to twenty-five years or to life imprisonment if he commits the offence referred to in paragraph 1 under a crisis situation.

Jeopardising the Safety of Classified Information
Section 319

(1) Any person who seeks to discover the information classified in order to protect the interests of the Slovak Republic, or to protect the interests of other state, an intenational organisation, supranational organisation or association of states, the interests whereof the Slovak Republic has pledged to protect, which is marked by law with the classification levels of Top Secret or Secret, with the aim of handing it over to an unauthorised person, or who, with the same aim, gathers data comprising such classified information, or who intentionally relays such classified information to an unauthorised
person, shall be liable to a term of imprisonment of between six months and three years.
(2) Any person who seeks to discover the information referred to in paragraph 1 with the intention to relay it to a foreign country, or who intentionally relays such classified information to a foreign country, shall be liable to a term of imprisonment of one to five years.
(3) The offender shall be liable to a term of imprisonment of three to eight years if he commits the offence referred to in paragraphs 1 or 2
a) in spite of having been specifically assigned an obligation not to disclose classified information, or
b) under a crisis situation.

Section 320

Any person whose negligence results in the disclosure of the information classified in order to protect the interests of the Slovak Republic, or to protect the interests of other state, an intenational organisation, supranational organisation or association of states, the interests whereof the Slovak Republic has pledged to protect, which is marked by law with the classification levels of Top Secret or Secret, to an unauthorised person, or who causes the loss of a document or a thing comprising such classified information, shall be liable to a term of imprisonment of up to three years.

(...)

Section 353
Jeopardising the Safety of Confidential and Restricted Information

(1) Any person who seeks to discover the
information classified in order to protect the interests of the Slovak Republic, or to protect the interests of other state, an intenational organisation, supranational organisation or association of states, the interests whereof the Slovak Republic has pledged to protect, which is marked by law with the classification levels of Confidential or Restricted, with the aim of handing it over to an authorised person, or who, with the same aim, gathers data comprising such classified information, or who intentionally relays such classified information to an unauthorised person, shall be liable to a term of imprisonment of up to one year.
(2) Any person who seeks to discover the classified information referred to in paragraph 1 with the intention to relay it to a foreign country, or who intentionally relays such classified information to a foreign country, shall be liable to a term of imprisonment of between six months and three years.

 

(...)