Criminal Code (2009) (excerpts)

Criminal Code of the Republic of Moldova (excerpts)

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Article 177. Violation of Privacy
(1) Illegally collecting or deliberately disseminating legally protected information about
personal life that is a personal or family secret of another person without his/her consent shall
be punished by a fine of up to 300 conventional units or by community service for 180 to 240
hours.
(11) Illegally collecting the information mentioned in par. (1) without the person’s consent by
use of special technical means designed to secretly access information shall be punished by a
fine in the amount of 200 to 400 conventional units or by community service for 200 to 240
hours.
(2) The dissemination of the information mentioned in par. (1):
a) in a public speech through mass-media;
b) by deliberate use of an official position,
shall be punished by a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 conventional units or by the
deprivation of the right to hold certain positions or to practice certain activities for 1 year or
by community service for 180 to 240 hours, whereas the legal entity shall be punished by a
fine in the amount of 1000 to 2000 conventional units.

[Art.177 amended by Law No. 277-XVI dated 18.12.2008, in force as of 24.05.2009]
[Art.177 completed by Law No. 181-XVI dated 10.07.2008, in force as of 01.11.2008]
[Art.177 amended by Law No. 184-XVI dated 29.06.2006, in force as of 11.08.2006]

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Article 337. High Treason
(1) High treason meaning a deliberate act committed by a citizen of the Republic of Moldova
that prejudices the sovereignty, territorial inviolability, or state security and defense capability
of the Republic of Moldova or that move the citizen to the enemy’s side; espionage; the
disclosure of state secrets to a foreign state, foreign organization, or to their representatives;
and providing assistance to a foreign state in conducting hostile activities against the Republic
of Moldova shall be punished by imprisonment for 12 to 20 years.
(2) A citizen of the Republic of Moldova recruited by a foreign espionage service for the
purpose of hostile activity against the Republic of Moldova shall be exempt from criminal
liability provided that he/she did not commit any actions for the achievement of the criminal
task assigned to him/her and voluntarily reported to the authorities about his/her connection
with the foreign espionage service.

[Art.337 amended by Law No. 277-XVI dated 18.12.2008, in force as of 24.05.2009]

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Article 344. Disclosure of State Secrets
(1) The disclosure of information that constitutes a state secret by a person to whom such
information was entrusted or that became known in connection with his/her official position
or professional duties provided that such an action is not construed as high treason or
espionage shall be punished by a fine in the amount of 200 to 600 conventional units or by
imprisonment for up to 4 years, in both cases with the deprivation of the right to hold certain
positions or to practice certain activities for up to 5 years.
(2) The same action resulting in severe consequences shall be punished by imprisonment for 3
to 7 years with the deprivation of the right to hold certain positions or to practice certain
activities for 2 to 5 years.
[Art.344 amended by Law No. 277-XVI dated 18.12.2008, in force as of 24.05.2009]

Article 345. Loss of Documents Containing State Secrets
(1) The loss of documents containing state secrets or the loss of objects or data which
constitute a state secret by a person to whom such documents or objects were entrusted
provided that such a loss resulted from a violation of established regulations on handling the
aforementioned documents or objects and caused severe consequences shall be punished by a
fine in the amount of 150 to 400 conventional units or by imprisonment for up to 3 years, in
both cases with the deprivation of the right to hold certain positions or to practice certain
activities for up to 5 years.
[Art.345 amended by Law No. 277-XVI dated 18.12.2008, in force as of 24.05.2009]
[Art.345 amended by Law No. 184-XVI dated 29.06.2006, in force as of 11.08.2006]

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