J. O., Z. S., and S. O. v Belgium, UN Human Rights Committee (2005) (excerpts)

J. O., Z. S., and S. O. v Belgium, UN Human Rights Committee Communication 1415/2005 (excerpts)

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4.4 Secondly, the Committee notes that the conduct of a privately hired defence lawyer in civil proceedings is not protected as such by any provision of the Covenant. Article 14, paragraph 3 (d) obliges States parties to provide legal aid only within the frame work of criminal proceedings. The Committee therefore concludes that this claim is incompatible ratione materiae with the provisions of the Covenant, under article 3 of the Optional Protocol.