European Court of Human Rights - case of Daktaras v. Lithuania (2000) (excerpts)

European Court of Human Rights - case of Daktaras v. Lithuania (2000) (excerpts)

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32.  Under the objective test, it must be determined whether there are ascertainable facts, which may nevertheless raise doubts as to their impartiality. In this respect even appearances may be of a certain importance. What is at stake is the confidence which the courts in a democratic society must inspire in the public and above all in the parties to the proceedings (ibid., § 45).