Constitution (2002) (excerpts)

Constitution of the Kingdom of Netherlands (2002) (excerpts)

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Article 81

Acts of Parliament shall be enacted jointly by the Government and the
States General.

Article 82


1. Bills may be presented by or on behalf of the King or by the Lower House of the States General.
2. Bills which require consideration by a joint session of the States
General may be presented by or on behalf of the King or by a joint session of the States General insofar as this is consistent with the relevant articles of Chapter 2.
3. Bills to be presented by the Lower House or by a joint session of the
States General shall be introduced in the House or the joint session as the case may be by one or more members.

Article 83

Bills presented by or on behalf of the King shall be sent to the Lower House or to the joint session if consideration by a joint session of the States General is required.

Article 84

1. A Bill presented by or on behalf of the King that has not yet been passed by the Lower House or by a joint session of the States General may be amended by the House or the joint session as the case may be on the proposal of one or more members or by the Government.
2. Any Bill being presented by the Lower House or a joint session of the States General that has not yet been passed may be amended by the House or joint session as the case may be on the proposal of one or more members or by the member or members introducing the Bill.

Article 85

As soon as the Lower House passes a Bill or resolves to present a Bill, it shall send it to the Upper House which shall consider the Bill as sent to it by the Lower House. The Lower House may instruct one or more of its members to defend a Bill presented by it in the Upper House.

Article 86


1. A Bill may be withdrawn by or on behalf of the proposer until such time as it is passed by the States General.

2. A Bill which is to be presented by the Lower House or by a joint session of the States General may be withdrawn by the member or members introducing it until such time as it is passed.

Article 87

1. A Bill shall become an Act of Parliament once it has been passed by the States General and ratified by the King.
2. The King and the States General shall inform each other of their decision on any Bill.

Article 88

The publication and entry into force of Acts of Parliament shall be regulated by Act of Parliament. They shall not enter into force before they have been published.

Article 89


1. Orders in council shall be established by Royal Decree.
2. Any regulations to which penalties are attached shall be embodied in such orders only in accordance with an Act of Parliament. The penalties to be imposed shall be determined by Act of Parliament.
3. Publication and entry into force of orders in council shall be regulated by Act of Parliament. They shall not enter into force before they have been published.
4. The second and third paragraphs shall apply mutatis mutandis to other generally binding regulations established by the State.

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