Moscow (1991) (excerpts)

Moscow 1991 (excerpts)

(40) The participating States recognize that full and true equality between men and women is
a fundamental aspect of a just and democratic society based on the rule of law. They recognize
that the full development of society and the welfare of all its members require equal opportunity
for full and equal participation of men and women. In this context they will

(40.1) - ensure that all CSCE commitments relating to the protection and promotion of human
rights and fundamental freedoms are applied fully and without discrimination with regard
to sex;

(40.2) - comply with the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination
against Women (CEDAW), if they are parties, and, if they have not already done so, consider
ratifying or acceding to this Convention; States that have ratified or acceded to this
Convention with reservations will consider withdrawing them;

(40.3) - effectively implement the obligations in international instruments to which they are
parties and take appropriate measures to implement the United Nations Nairobi Forwardlooking
Strategies for the Advancement of Women (FLS);

(40.4) - affirm that it is their goal to achieve not only de jure but de facto equality of opportunity
between men and women and to promote effective measures to that end;

(40.5) - establish or strengthen national machinery, as appropriate, for the advancement of
women in order to ensure that programmes and policies are assessed for their impact on

(40.6) - encourage measures effectively to ensure full economic opportunity for women, including
non-discriminatory employment policies and practices, equal access to education and
training, and measures to facilitate combining employment with family responsibilities for
female and male workers; and will seek to ensure that any structural adjustment policies or
programmes do not have an adversely discriminatory effect on women;

(40.7) - seek to eliminate all forms of violence against women, and all forms of traffic in women
and exploitation of prostitution of women including by ensuring adequate legal prohibitions
against such acts and other appropriate measures;

(40.8) - encourage and promote equal opportunity for full participation by women in all aspects
of political and public life, in decision-making processes and in international co-operation
in general;

(40.9) - recognize the vital role women and women’s organizations play in national and international
efforts to promote and enhance women’s rights by providing, inter alia, direct services
and support to women and encouraging a meaningful partnership between governments
and these organizations for the purpose of advancing equality for women;

(40.10) - recognize the rich contribution of women to all aspects of political, cultural, social
and economic life and promote a broad understanding of these contributions, including those
made in the informal and unpaid sectors;

(40.11) - take measures to encourage that information regarding women and women’s rights
under international and domestic law is easily accessible;

(40.12) - develop educational policies, consistent with their constitutional systems, to support
the participation of women in all areas of study and work, including non-traditional areas,
and encourage and promote a greater understanding of issues relating to equality between
men and women;

(40.13) - ensure the collection and analysis of data to assess adequately, monitor and improve
the situation of women; these data should not contain any personal information.