OF 2nd APRIL, 1997

As published in Dziennik Ustaw No. 78, item 483


Chapter II



Article 30

The inherent and inalienable dignity of the person shall constitute a source of freedoms and rights of persons and citizens. It shall be inviolable. The respect and protection thereof shall be the obligation of public authorities.

Article 31

1. Freedom of the person shall receive legal protection.

2. Everyone shall respect the freedoms and rights of others. No one shall be compelled to do that which is not required by law.


Article 32


2. No one shall be discriminated against in political, social or economic life for any reason whatsoever.

Article 33

1. Men and women shall have equal rights in family, political, social and economic life in the Republic of Poland.

2. Men and women shall have equal rights, in particular, regarding education, employment and promotion, and shall have the right to equal compensation for work of similar value, to social security, to hold offices, and to receive public honours and decorations.



Article 40

No one may be subjected to torture or cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment. The application of corporal punishment shall be prohibited.


Article 47

Everyone shall have the right to legal protection of his private and family life, of his honour and good reputation and to make decisions about his personal life.


Article 51

1. No one may be obliged, except on the basis of statute, to disclose information concerning his person.

2. Public authorities shall not acquire, collect nor make accessible information on citizens other than that which is necessary in a democratic state ruled by law.

3. Everyone shall have a right of access to official documents and data collections concerning himself. Limitations upon such rights may be established by statute.

4. Everyone shall have the right to demand the correction or deletion of untrue or incomplete information, or information acquired by means contrary to statute.

5. Principles and procedures for collection of and access to information shall be specified by statute.


Article 65

1. Everyone shall have the freedom to choose and to pursue his occupation and to choose his place of work. Exceptions shall be specified by statute.

2. An obligation to work may be imposed only by statute.

3. The permanent employment of children under 16 years of age shall be prohibited. The types and nature of admissible employment shall be specified by statute.

4. A minimum level of remuneration for work, or the manner of setting its levels shall be specified by statute.

5. Public authorities shall pursue policies aiming at full, productive employment by implementing programmes to combat unemployment, including the organization of and support for occupational advice and training, as well as public works and economic intervention.

Article 66

1. Everyone shall have the right to safe and hygienic conditions of work. The methods of implementing this right and the obligations of employers shall be specified by statute.

2. An employee shall have the right to statutorily specified days free from work as well as annual paid holidays; the maximum permissible hours of work shall be specified by statute.

Article 67

1. A citizen shall have the right to social security whenever incapacitated for work by reason of sickness or invalidism as well as having attained retirement age. The scope and forms of social security shall be specified by statute.

2. A citizen who is involuntarily without work and has no other means of support, shall have the right to social security, the scope of which shall be specified by statute.


Article 72

1. The Republic of Poland shall ensure protection of the rights of the child. Everyone shall have the right to demand of organs of public authority that they defend children against violence, cruelty, exploitation and actions which undermine their moral sense.

2. A child deprived of parental care shall have the right to care and assistance provided by public authorities.

3. Organs of public authority and persons responsible for children, in the course of establishing the rights of a child, shall consider and, insofar as possible, give priority to the views of the child.

4. The competence and procedure for appointment of the Commissioner for Children's Rights shall be specified by statute.