Irish Constitution, 1937


  1. 1.
    1. 1°.On the coming into operation of this Constitution any person who was a citizen of Saorstát Éireann immediately before the coming into operation of this Constitution shall become and be a citizen of Ireland.
    2. 2°.The future acquisition and loss of Irish nationality and citizenship shall be determined in accordance with law.
    3. 3°.No person may be excluded from Irish nationality and citizenship by reason of the sex of such person.



  1. 1.
    1. 1°.Every citizen without distinction of sex who has reached the age of twenty-one years, and who is not placed under disability or incapacity by this Constitution or by law, shall be eligible for membership of Dáil Éireann.
    2. 2°.
      1. i.All citizens, and
      2. ii.such other persons in the State as may be determined by law,
    3. without distinction of sex who have reached the age of eighteen years who are not disqualified by law and comply with the provisions of the law relating to the election of members of Dáil Éireann, shall have the right to vote at an election for members of Dáil Éireann.
    4. 3°.No law shall be enacted placing any citizen under disability or incapacity for membership of Dáil Éireann on the ground of sex or disqualifying any citizen or other person from voting at an election for members of Dáil Éireann on that ground.
    5. 4°.No voter may exercise more than one vote at an election for Dáil Éireann, and the voting shall be by secret ballot




  1. 1.
    1. 1°.The State recognises the Family as the natural primary and fundamental unit group of Society, and as a moral institution possessing inalienable and imprescriptible rights, antecedent and superior to all positive law.
    2. 2°.The State, therefore, guarantees to protect the Family in its constitution and authority, as the necessary basis of social order and as indispensable to the welfare of the Nation and the State.
  1. 2.
    1. 1°.In particular, the State recognises that by her life within the home, woman gives to the State a support without which the common good cannot be achieved.
    2. 2°.The State shall, therefore, endeavour to ensure that mothers shall not be obliged by economic necessity to engage in labour to the neglect of their duties in the home.
  1. 3.
    1. 1°.The State pledges itself to guard with special care the institution of Marriage, on which the Family is founded, and to protect it against attack.
    2. 2°.A Court designated by law may grant a dissolution of marriage where, but only where, it is satisfied that
      1. the date of the institution of the proceedings, the spouses have lived apart from one another for a period of, or periods amounting to, at least four years during the previous five years,
      2. ii.there is no reasonable prospect of a reconciliation between the spouses,
      3. iii.such provision as the Court considers proper having regard to the circumstances exists or will be made for the spouses, any children of either or both of them and any other person prescribed by law, and
      4. iv.any further conditions prescribed by law are complied with.
    3. 3°.No person whose marriage has been dissolved under the civil law of any other State but is a subsisting valid marriage under the law for the time being in force within the jurisdiction of the Government and Parliament established by this Constitution shall be capable of contracting a valid marriage within that jurisdiction during the lifetime of the other party to the marriage so dissolved.

4. Marriage may be contracted in accordance with law by two persons without distinction as to their sex.



The principles of social policy set forth in this Article are intended for the general guidance of the Oireachtas. The application of those principles in the making of laws shall be the care of the Oireachtas exclusively, and shall not be cognisable by any Court under any of the provisions of this Constitution.

1. The State shall strive to promote the welfare of the whole people by securing and protecting as effectively as it may a social order in which justice and charity shall inform all the institutions of the national life.

2. The State shall, in particular, direct its policy towards securing:

  1. i.That the citizens (all of whom, men and women equally, have the right to an adequate means of livelihood) may through their occupations find the means of making reasonable provision for their domestic needs.