CONSTITUTION, 25 October 1992 (unofficial translation, excerpt)


The Lithuanian Nation (…)

--striving for an open, just, and harmonious civil society and law-governed State, by the will of the citizens of the reborn State of Lithuania,

approves and declares this Constitution.




Article 18

The rights and freedoms of individuals shall be inborn.


Article 22

(1) The private life of an individual shall be inviolable.

(2) Personal correspondence, telephone conversations, telegraph messages, and other intercommunications shall be inviolable.

(3) Information concerning the private life of an individual may be collected only upon a justified court order and in accordance with the law.

(4) The law and the court shall protect individuals from arbitrary or unlawful interference in their private or family life, and from encroachment upon their honor and dignity.


Article 25

(1) Individuals shall have the right to have their own convictions and freely express them.

(2) Individuals must not be hindered from seeking, obtaining, or disseminating information or ideas.

(3) Freedom to express convictions, as well as to obtain and disseminate information, may not be restricted in any way other than as established by law, when it is necessary for the safeguard of the health, honor and dignity, private life, or morals of a person, or for the protection of constitutional order.

(4) Freedom to express convictions or impart information shall be incompatible with criminal actions - the instigation of national, racial, religious, or social hatred, violence, or discrimination, the dissemination of slander, or misinformation.

(5) Citizens shall have the right to obtain any available information which concerns them from State agencies in the manner established by law.

Article 26

(1) Freedom of thought, conscience, and religion shall not be restricted.


Article 28

While exercising their rights and freedoms, persons must observe the Constitution and the laws of the Republic of Lithuania, and must not impair the rights and interests of other people.

Article 29

(1) All people shall be equal before the law, the court, and other State institutions and officers.

(2) A person may not have his rights restricted in any way, or be granted any privileges, on the basis of his or her sex, race, nationality, language, origin, social status, religion, convictions, or opinions.

Article 30

(1) Any person whose constitutional rights or freedoms are violated shall have the right to appeal to court.

(2) The law shall establish the procedure for compensating material and moral damage inflicted on a person.


Article 33

(1) Citizens shall have the right to participate in the government of their State both directly and through their freely elected representatives, and shall have the equal opportunity to serve in a State office of the Republic of Lithuania.

(2) Each citizen shall be guaranteed the right to criticize the work of State institutions and their officers, and to appeal against their decisions. It shall be prohibited to persecute people for criticism.

(3) Citizens shall be guaranteed the right to petition; the procedure for implementing this right shall be established by law.


Article 35

(1) Citizens shall be guaranteed the right to freely form societies, political parties, and associations, provided that the aims and activities thereof do not contradict the Constitution and laws.

(2) No person may be forced to belong to any society, political party, or association.

(3) The founding and functioning of political parties and other political and public organization shall be regulated by law.

Article 36

(1) Citizens may not be prohibited or hindered from assembling in unarmed peaceful meetings.

(2) This right may not be subjected to any restrictions except those which are provided by law and are necessary to protect the security of the State or the community, public order, people's health or morals, or the rights and freedoms of other persons.

Article 37

Citizens who belong to ethnic communities shall have the right to foster their language, culture, and customs.



Article 43

(1) The State shall recognize traditional Lithuanian churches and religious organizations, as well as other churches and religious organizations provided that they have a basis in society and their teaching and rituals do not contradict morality or the law.

(2) Churches and religious organizations recognized by the State shall have the rights of legal persons.


(4) Churches and religious organizations shall function freely according to their canons and statutes.

(5) The status of churches and other religious organizations in the State shall be established by agreement or by law.


Article 44

(1) Censorship of mass media shall be prohibited.

(2) The State, political parties, political and public organizations, and other institutions or persons may not monopolize means of mass media.

Article 45

Ethnic communities of citizens shall independently administer the affairs of their ethnic culture, education, organizations, charity, and mutual assistance. The State shall support ethnic communities.


Article 46


(2) The State shall support economic efforts and initiative which are useful to the community.

(3) The State shall regulate economic activity so that it serves the general welfare of the people.


Article 50

(1) Trade unions shall be freely established and shall function independently. They shall defend the professional, economic, and social rights and interests of employees.

(2) All trade unions shall have equal rights.



Article 68


(2) Citizens of the Republic of Lithuania shall also have the right of legislative initiative. A draft law may be submitted to the Parliament by 50,000 citizens of the Republic of Lithuania who have the right to vote. The Parliament must consider this draft law.


Article 138


(3) International agreements which are ratified by the Parliament of the Republic of Lithuania shall be the constituent part of the legal system of the Republic of Lithuania.


Article 141

Soldiers in active military service or alternative service, officers of the national defence, the police and the internal service, non-commissioned officers, re-enlistees who have not retired from service, and other paid officers of military and security services may not be members of the Parliament or of local government Councils. They may not hold elected or appointed posts in State civil service, and may not take part in the activities of political parties and political organizations.

Article 145

During martial law or a state of emergency, the rights and freedoms specified in Articles 22, 24, 25, 32, 35, and 36 may be temporarily restricted.