{ ICL Document Status: 29 Dec 1978 }

{Editor's NoteThis edition is consolidated up to the amendment of 27 Aug 1992. }

PreambleThe Spanish Nation, desiring to establish justice, liberty, and security, and to promote the well-being of all its members, in the exercise of its sovereignty proclaims its will to: guarantee democratic coexistence within the Constitution and the laws in accordance with a just economic and social order;consolidate a state of law which insures the rule of law as the expression of the popular will;protect all Spaniards and peoples of Spain in the exercise of human rights, their cultures and traditions, languages, and institutions;promote the progress of culture and the economy to insure a dignified quality of life for all;establish an advanced democratic society; andcollaborate in the strengthening of peaceful relations and effective cooperation among all the peoples of the earth.

Therefore, the Parliament approves, and the Spanish people ratify the following Constitution:


Title I Basic Rights and Duties

Chapter I Spaniards and Aliens

Article 11 [Spanish Nationality](1) Spanish nationality is acquired, preserved, and lost in accordance with provisions established by law.(2) No one of Spanish birth may be deprived of his nationality.(3) The State may make dual nationality treaties with the Ibero-American countries and with those which may have had, or have, a special bond with Spain. In these countries, even when they do not grant their own citizens a reciprocal right, Spaniards may become naturalized without losing their nationality of origin.