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CRIMINAL CODE

(excerpts)

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Terrorism
Article 447
(1) Anyone who, with the intention to seriously intimidate the citizens or to
coerce Montenegro, a foreign state or an international organization to act or refrain from
acting, or to seriously endanger or violate the basic constitutional, political, economic or
social structures of Montenegro, foreign state or of international organization, commits
any of the following offences:
1) attack on the life, body or freedom of another,
2) abduction or hostage taking,
3) destruction of state or public facilities, traffic systems, infrastructure,
including information systems, fixed platforms in the epicontinental shelf, public
good or private property that may endanger the lives of people or cause
considerable damage to the economy,
4) hijack of aircraft, vessel, means of public transport or transport of
goods that may endanger the lives of people,
5) development, possession, procurement, transport, provision or use of
weapons, explosives, nuclear or radioactive material or devices, nuclear,
biological or chemical weapons,
6) research and development of nuclear, biological and chemical
weapons,
7) emission of dangerous substances or causing fires, explosions or floods
or taking other generally dangerous actions that might harm the lives of people,

8) obstruction or termination of water supply, electric energy or another
energy generating product supply that might endanger the lives of people shall be
punished by a prison term not shorter than five years.
(2) Anyone who threatens to commit the criminal offence under para. 1 above
shall be punished by a prison term from six months to five years.
(3) Where the offence under para. 1 above resulted in the death of one or more
persons or a large-scale destruction, the perpetrator shall be punished by a prison term
not shorter than ten years.
(4) Where during the commission of the offence under para. 1 above the
perpetrator killed one or several persons with wrongful intent, he shall be punished by a
prison term not shorter than twelve years or by a forty year prison term.

Public Call for the Commission of Terrorist Acts
Article 447a
Anyone who publicly calls for or otherwise instigates the commission of the
criminal offence under Art.447 hereof shall be punished by a prison term from one to ten
years.


Recruitment and Training for Commission of Terrorist Acts
Article 447b
(1) Anyone who for the purpose of committing the offences under Art.447 hereof
recruits another person to commit or participate in the commission of that offence or to
join a group of people or a criminal association or criminal organization in view of
participating in the commission of that criminal offence shall be punished by a prison
term from one to ten years.
(2) The punishment under para. 1 above shall also apply to anyone who, with the
intention to commit the criminal offence under Art.447 hereof, gives instructions on the
manufacture and use of explosive devices, firearms or other weapons or harmful or
dangerous substances or who trains another person for the commission of or
participation in the commission of that criminal offence.

Use of Lethal Device
Article 447c
(1) Anyone who, with the intention to kill another person, inflict a serious bodily
injury, or destroy or significantly damage a state or public facility, public traffic system
or another facility of great significance for the security or supply of citizens, or for the
economy or operation of public services, manufactures, transfers, keeps, gives to
another, sets up or activates a lethal device (explosive, chemical devices, biological
devices or poisons or radioactive devices) in a public location or in a facility or next to
that facility shall be punished by a prison term from one to eight years.

(2) Where in the commission of any of the offences under para. 1 above the
perpetrator inflicted with wrongful intent a serious bodily injury to another person or
destroyed or significantly damaged a facility, he shall be punished by a prison term from
five to fifteen years.
(3 ) Where in the commission of any of the offences under para. 1 above the
perpetrator killed with wrongful intent one or more persons, he shall be punished by a
prison term not shorter than ten years or by a forty year prison term.

Destruction or Damage of Nuclear Facility
Article 447d
(1) Anyone who, with the intention to kill another person, inflict a serious bodily
injury, endanger the environment or cause significant property damage, destroys or
damages a nuclear facility in a manner which results or could result in the emission of
radioactive material shall be punished by a prison term from two to ten years.
(2) Where in the commission of any of the offences under para. 1 above the
perpetrator inflicted with wrongful intent a serious bodily injury to another person or
destroyed or significantly damaged a nuclear facility, he shall be punished by a prison
term from five to fifteen years.
(3 ) Where in the commission of any of the offences under para. 1 above the
perpetrator killed with wrongful intent one or more persons, he shall be punished by a
prison term not shorter than ten years or by a forty year prison term.

Endangering Persons under International Protection
Article 448
(1) Anyone who commits abduction or other type of violence against a person
under international legal protection shall be punished by a prison term from two to
twelve years.
(2) Anyone who attacks the official premises, private apartment or vehicle of a
person under international legal protection in a manner that endangers his safety and
personal freedom shall be punished by a prison term from one to eight years.
(3) Where the offences under paras 1 and 2 above resulted in the death of one or
more persons, the perpetrator shall be punished by a prison term from five to fifteen
years.
(4) Where in the course of commission of the offences under paras 1 and 2 above
the perpetrator killed another person with wrongful intent, he shall be punished by a
prison term not shorter than ten years or by a forty year prison term.
(5) Anyone who endangers the safety of the person referred to in para. 1 above by
a serious threat to attack him, his official premises, private apartment or a vehicle shall
be punished by a prison term from six months to five years.

Terrorism Financing
Article 449
(1) Anyone who procures in any manner or raises funds, securities, other
resources or property with the intention to use them partly or wholly for financing of the
criminal offences under Articles 447, 447a, 447b, 447c, 447d and 448 hereof, or for the
financing of organizations which have set the commission of these offences as their aim
or of members of such organizations shall be punished by a prison term from one to ten
years.
(2) The resources referred to in para. 1 above shall be confiscated.

Terrorist Association
Article 449a
(1) Where two or more persons mutually associate for a longer period to commit
the criminal offences under Articles 447, 448 and 449 hereof, they shall be punished by
the punishment prescribed for the offence for the exercise of which the association has
been organized.
(2) The perpetrator of the offence under para. 1 above prevents the commission
of the criminal offences under para. 1 above by revealing the association or otherwise, or
who contributes to its revelation shall be punished by a prison term up to three years,
and his punishment may be remitted.

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