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THE CRIMINAL CODE
OF THE FEDERATION OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

(excerpts)

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CHAPTER EIGHTEEN
CRIMINAL OFFENCES OF TERRORISM


Article 200
Taking of Hostages
(1) Whosoever unlawfully confines, keeps confined or in some other way deprives another of
his liberty, restricts his freedom of movement, captures, detains, threatens to kill, injure or
continue to detain that person as a hostage, with the intention of compelling the Federation of
Bosnia and Herzegovina to perform or to abstain from performing any act, as an explicit or
implicit condition for the release of a hostage, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term
of between one and ten years.
(2) If, as a result of any offence committed under paragraph 1 above, the death of any hostage
is caused, the offender shall be punished by imprisonment for a minimum term of five years.
(3) If, in the course of the commission of any offence under paragraph 1 above, the offender
deprives a hostage of his life intentionally, he shall be punished by imprisonment for a
minimum term of ten years or to long-term imprisonment.


Article 201
Terrorism
(1) Whosoever commits an act of terrorism with the intention of seriously intimidating a
population or unduly compelling the authorities of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
to perform, or to abstain from performing any act, or with the aim of seriously destabilising
or destroying the fundamental political, constitutional, economic or social structures of the
Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, shall be punished by imprisonment for a minimum
term of three years.
(2) If the death of any person results from the commission of an offence under paragraph 1
above, the offender shall be punished by imprisonment for a minimum term of five years.
(3) If, in the course of the commission of an offence under paragraph 1 above, the offender
intentionally deprives another person of his life, he shall be punished by imprisonment for a
minimum term of ten years or long-term imprisonment.
(4) “An act of terrorism”, in terms of this Article, means one of the following intentional acts
which, given its nature or its context, may cause serious damage to the State or international
organisation:
a) An attack upon a person’s life, which may cause death;
b) An attack upon the physical integrity of any person;
c) Any unlawful confinement, keeping confined or in some other way depriving another
of his liberty, or restricting his freedom of movement, capturing, detaining, or continuing
to detain that person as a hostage, with the intention of compelling him or some other
person to perform or refrain from performing any act or to suffer (abduction);
d) Causing serious damage to the facilities of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina,
public facilities, the transport system, infrastructural facilities, including any information
system, a fixed platform located on the continental shelf, a public place or private
property, and likely to endanger any person or result in major economic loss;
e) Hi-jacking of aircraft, ships or other means of public transport or freight carriage;
f) Manufacture, possession, acquisition, transport, supply, use of, or training for the use
of, weapons, explosives, nuclear, biological or chemical weapons or radioactive material,
including research into, and development of, biological and chemical weapons or
radioactive material;
g) Releasing dangerous substances, or causing fire, explosion or floods, the effect of
which is likely to endanger human life;
h) Interfering with or disrupting the supply of water, power or any other fundamental
natural resources, the effect of which is likely to endanger human life;
i) Threatening to commit any of the offences under items a) to h) of this paragraph.

Article 202
Funding of Terrorist Activities
(1) Whoever by any means, directly or indirectly, provides or collects funds with the aim that
they are used or knowing that they are to be used, in full or in part, for the purpose of
perpetrating: a) a criminal offences referred to in Article 200 (Taking of Hostages) and
Article 201 (Terrorism) of this Code;
b) any other criminal offense that can result in death or serious bodily injury of a civilian or
a person who is not actively engaged in hostilities in an armed conflict, when the purpose of
such offence, by its nature or context, is to intimidate population or to compel the authorities
of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina to perform or to abstain from performing an
act, regardless of the fact whether the terrorist activities have been conducted or not and
whether the funds have been used for conduct of terrorist activities, shall be punished by
imprisonment for a term of one to ten years.
(2) The punishment referred to in the Paragraph (1) of this Article will be applicable to
anyone who in any manner, directly or indirectly, provides or collects or ensures funds in
another way:
a) with a purpose that they are used in full or in part for any purposes by terrorist
organizations or individual terrorists, or
b) knowing that they would, in full or in part, be used for the perpetration of criminal
offences referred to in the Paragraph (1) of this Article by terrorist organizations or
individual terrorists.
(3) The collected funds that are intended to be used for perpetration or have been created by
perpetration of a criminal offense referred to in the Paragraph (1) of this Article, shall be
confiscated.
(4) Funds referred to in the Paragraphs (1) and (2) of this Article are considered to be any
funds, items or rights, material or non-material, moveable or real estate, regardless of their
origin as well as legal documents or instruments in any form, including electronic or digital,
that prove the ownership or title to property, including and not limited to bank loans, travel
checks, banking checks, cash orders, shares, securities, bonds, bill of exchange and letters of
credit.

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