Article 13

(Principle of equality)

1. Every citizen shall possess the same social dignity and shall be equal before the law.

2. No one shall be privileged, favoured, prejudiced, deprived of any right or exempted from any duty on the basis of ancestry, sex, race, language, place of origin, religion, political or ideological beliefs, education, economic situation, social circumstances or sexual orientation.


Article 41

(Freedom of conscience, religion and worship)

1. Freedom of conscience, religion and worship shall be inviolable.

2. No one shall be persecuted, deprived of rights or exempted from civic obligations or duties because of his convictions or religious observance.

3. No authority shall question anyone in relation to his convictions or religious observance, save in order to gather statistical data that cannot be individually identified, nor shall anyone be prejudiced in any way for refusing to answer.

4. Churches and other religious communities shall be separate from the state and free to organise themselves and to perform their ceremonies and their worship.

5. Freedom to teach any religion within the denomination in question and to use appropriate media for the pursuit of its activities shall be guaranteed.

6. The right to be a conscientious objector, as laid down by law, shall be guaranteed.


Article 43

(Freedom to learn and to teach)

2. The state shall not lay down educational and cultural programmes in accordance with any philosophical, aesthetic, political, ideological or religious directives.


Article 51

(Political associations and parties)

3. Without prejudice to the philosophy or ideology that underlies their manifestoes, political parties shall not employ names that contain expressions which are directly related to any religion or church, or emblems that can be confused with national or religious symbols.