(25 April 2011) 



Article VII

(1) Everyone shall have the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. This right shall include the freedom to choose or change one’s religion or other belief, and the freedom of everyone to manifest, abstain from manifesting, practise or teach his or her religion or other belief through religious acts, rites or otherwise, either individually or jointly with others, either in public or in private life.

(2) By means of a cardinal Act, Parliament may recognise certain organisations performing religious activities as churches, with which the State shall cooperate to promote community goals. The provisions of a cardinal Act concerning the recognition of churches may be the subject of a constitutional complaint.

(3) The State on the one hand and the churches and other organisations performing religious activities on the other hand shall operate separately. Churches and other organisations performing religious activities shall be autonomous.

(4) The detailed rules relating to churches shall be laid down in a cardinal Act. As a requirement for the recognition of any organisation performing religious activities as a church, a cardinal Act may prescribe an extended period of operation, social support and suitability for cooperation to promote community goals.


Article IX

(5) The right to freedom of speech may not be exercised with the aim of violating the dignity of the Hungarian nation or of any national, ethnic, racial or religious community. Members of such communities shall be entitled to enforce their claims in court against the expression of an opinion which violates the community, invoking the violation of their human dignity, as provided for by an Act.