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Ukrainian Law on Printed Mass Media (the Press) in Ukraine (1992) (excerpts)

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Article 26

In carrying out his/her activity on the basis of professional independence, the journalist shall use
the rights and fulfil the obligations envisaged in the Ukrainian Law on Information and in this
Law.
The journalist shall be entitled to:
(1) freely obtain, use, disseminate (publish) and store public access information;
(2) visit government agencies, local and regional self-government bodies, as well as
enterprises, institutions, and organizations, and be received by their officials;
(3) openly make recordings, including with the use of any technical means, except as
envisaged by law;
(4) freely access statistical data, archive, library, and museum funds; limits to this access
shall be predetermined only by the specifics of the valuables and special conditions of
their storage as defined by current Ukrainian legislation;
(5) priority obtaining of public access information;
(6) free satisfaction of requests relating to access to official documents;
(7) on presentation of the journalist’s identification card or other document certifying
employment by a printed media organization, to stay in a natural calamity or disaster
zone, at accident sites, places of mass unrest, meetings and demonstrations, and in
emergency areas.

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Article 42

The editorial board or journalist shall not be liable for the publication of information that is untrue,
insults the honour and dignity of citizens and organizations, violates the rights and legitimate
interests of citizens, or constitutes abuse of printed media freedom and journalist rights, if:
(1) such information was obtained from news agencies or from the founder (co-founders);
(2) such information is contained in the response to a request for access to official
documents, or a request for written or oral information provided in accordance with the
requirements of the Ukrainian Law on Information;
(3) such information is the verbatim reproduction of official statements by the officials of
government agencies, organizations, or civil associations;
(4) such information is the verbatim reproduction of documents published by another
printed media organization and contains a reference thereto;
(5) such information discloses a secret that is specially protected by law, but the journalist
did not obtain such information illegally.