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Criminal Code of Spain (excerpts)|

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Article 199.2  (breach of professional secrecy):

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Any professional who breaches their obligation to silence or confidentiality and reveals the secrets
of another person shall receive a term of imprisonment of between one and four years, a fine of
between twelve and twenty-four months and shall be disqualified from professional practice for a
period of between two and six years.

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450.1
Any person who, through direct intervention without risk to himself or others, is in a
position to prevent a crime affecting the life, safety, health, freedom or sexual freedom of other
persons, but fails to do so shall receive a term of imprisonment of six months to two years if the
crime was against life or –in the other cases- a fine of between six and twenty-four months, except
where the punishment for the crime itself is lower, in which case the lower penalty shall be
imposed. A similar penalty will be imposed on any person who is in a position to notify the
authorities or officers to enable them to prevent the commission of one of the above offences and
of which he has knowledge but fails to do so.

 

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Article 598

Anyone who, without intending to benefit a foreign power, acquires, discloses, falsifies or renders u
information classified by the law as being secret or confidential and which relates to national secu
defence or to technical methods or systems used by the Armed Forces or by industries of military in
shall receive a term of imprisonment of between one and four years.

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