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Criminal Code of Russian Federation (excerpts)

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Article 183. The Illegal Receipt and Disclosure of Information Classified as a Commercial, Tax or Banking Secret
1.
The gathering of information classified as a commercial, tax or banking secret, by means of stealing documents, bribery and threats as well as in other illegal ways -
shall be punishable with a fine in the amount of up to 80 thousand roubles or in the amount of the convicted person's wage/salary or other income for a period of one to six months, or by corrective labour for a term of up to one year, or by compulsory labour for a term of up to two years, or by imprisonment for the same term.
2.
The illegal disclosure or use of information classified as a commercial, tax or banking secret, without the consent of the owner thereof by a person to whom it is entrusted or became known in the line of service or work -
shall be punishable with a fine in the amount of up to 120 thousand roubles or in the amount of a wage/salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to one year with deprivation of the right to occupy specified offices or engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or by corrective labour for a term of up to two years, or by compulsory labour for a term of up to three years, or by imprisonment for the same term.

3.
The same actions which have inflicted large-scale harm or which have been committed with a mercenary interest -
shall be punishable with a fine in an amount of up to 200 thousand roubles or in the amount of a wage/salary or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to 18 months, or with compulsory labour for a term of up to five years, or with imprisonment for the same term.
4.
The actions specified in Parts 2 or 3 of the present article which have caused grave consequences -
shall be punishable by compulsory labour for a term of up to five years or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to seven years.

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Article 189. Illegal Export from the Russian Federation or Transfer of Raw Stuff, Materials, Equipment, Technology, or of Scientific and Technical Information, or Illegal Carrying Out of Works (Rendering Services) Which May Be Used in the Development of Weapons of Mass Destruction, Armaments, and Military Hardware
1. Illegal export from the Russian Federation or transfer by a person, empowered to exercise foreign economic activity, to a foreign organisation or to its representative raw stuff, materials, equipment, technology, scientific and technical information, or illegal carrying out works (rendering services) by this person for a foreign organisation or for its representative, or illegal rendering to a foreign organisation or its representative services, which are known to said person as those that can be used in the development of armaments and military hardware and in respect of which export control has been established (in the absence of indicia of the crimes provided for by Articles 226.1 and 275 of the Code), -
shall be punishable with a fine in an amount of 100 thousand to 500 thousand roubles, or in the amount of a wage/salary or any other income of the convicted person for a period of one year to three years, or with deprivation of the right to hold specified offices or engage in specified activities for a term of up to five years, or with compulsory labour for a term of up to three years, or with deprivation of liberty for the same term.
2. The same deeds committed by a group of persons by previous concert, -
shall be punishable by compulsory labour for a term of up to five years accompanied by deprivation of the right to hold specified posts or engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years or without such, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years accompanied by deprivation of the right to hold specified posts or to exercise specified types of activity for a term of up to three years.
3. The deeds provided for by Part One of this Article, which have been committed by an organised group of persons in respect of raw stuffs, materials, equipment, technology, scientific and technical information, and works (services) which are known to a person empowered to exercise foreign economic activity, as those that can be used in the development of weapons of mass destruction or means of delivery thereof and in respect of which export control has been established, -
Shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of from three to seven years with a fine in an amount of up to one million roubles or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to five years or without such.
Note. A person empowered to exercise foreign economic activity, shall mean in this Article the head of a legal entity established in compliance with the laws of the Russian Federation and having a permanent location on the territory of the Russian Federation, as well as a natural person having a permanent residence on the territory of the Russian Federation and registered on the territory of the Russian Federation as an individual businessman.

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Article 275. High Treason
High treason, that is espionage, disclosure of state secrets, or any other assistance rendered to a foreign State, a foreign organisation, or their representatives in hostile activities to the detriment of the external security of the Russian Federation, committed by a citizen of the Russian Federation,
Shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of 12 to 20 years with or without a fine in an amount of up to 500 thousand roubles or in the amount of the wage or salary, or other income of the convicted person for a period of up to three years and with restriction of liberty for a term of up to two years.
Note: A person who has committed crimes stipulated in this Article, or by Articles 276 and 278 of this Code, shall be relieved from criminal liability if he has facilitated the prevention of further damage to the interests of the Russian Federation by informing the governmental authorities of his own free will and in due time, or in any other way, if his actions contain no other corpus delicti.

Article 276. Espionage
Transfer, and also collection, theft, or keeping for the purpose of transfer to a foreign state, a foreign organisation, or their representatives of information constituting a state secret, and also transfer or collection of other information under the order of a foreign intelligence service, to the detriment of the external security of the Russian Federation, if these deeds have been committed by a foreign national or a stateless person,
Shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of 10 to 20 years.

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Article 283. Disclosure of a State Secret
1. Disclosure of information comprising a state secret, by a person to whom it has been entrusted or to whom it has become known through his office or work, if this information has become the property of other persons, in the absence of the characteristic features of high treason,
Shall be punishable by arrest for a term of four to six months, or by deprivation of liberty for up to four years, with disqualification from holding specific offices or engaging in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or without such disqualification.
2. The same deed, which involved through negligence grave consequences,
Shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of three to seven years, with disqualification from holding specific offices or engaging in specified activities for a term of up to three years.