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Criminal code of the Republic of Romania (excerpts)


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Art. 157. - Transmission of state secrets to a foreign power or organization, or to foreign agents,
as well as obtaining documents or information which constitutes state secrets, or possession of such
documents by persons who are not entitled to know such documents, in order to transfer them to a
foreign authority or organization, or their agents, which is performed by a Romanian citizen or by a
person without citizenship but with residence on the Romanian state’s territory, is punished with life
sentence or imprisonment between 15 and 25 years and interdiction of certain rights.
The same actions, if related to other documents or information which through their character
make the perpetrated action endanger the state’s security, are punished with imprisonment between
5 and 20 years and interdiction of certain rights.

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Art. 169. – „Disclosure of certain documents or data which are state secrets or of other
documents or data, by a person who knows these data and documents due to his duties, if the
action has the character of endangering the state’s security, is punished with imprisonment between
7 and 15 yeas and interdiction of certain rights.
Possession outside the work duties of a document which is state’s secret, if the action has
the character of endangering the state’s security, is punished with imprisonment between 5 and 10
years.
The penalty provided in paragraph 2 applies to the possession outside the work duties of
other documents meant to disclosure, if the action has the character of endangering the state’s
security.
If any other person perpetrates the actions mentioned in the preceding paragraphs, the penalty
is imprisonment between 1 and 7 years.”

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Art. 196 Disclosure of professional secret
The disclosure, with no right, of certain data by the person to whom this data was handled, or
who knew this data due to the profession or position, if the action can bring prejudice to a
person, is punished with imprisonment between 3 months and 2 years or with a fine.
The criminal action is intuited upon the prior complaint made by the injured person.
The parties’ reconciliation removes the criminal responsibility.

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Art. 252. - Negligence that leads to destruction, alteration, loss or take away of a document that
represents state secret and negligence that leads to another person finding out such a secret, if
harmful to the state interests, are punished by 3 months-3 years jail.