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THE CONSTITUTION OF TURKMENISTAN

1992, with amendments up to 2006

SECTION I.

FOUNDATIONS OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL SYSTEM

(...)

ARTICLE 4. The authority of state is split between the Halk Maslahaty, legislative, executive and judiciary branches of government, which are independent and balance each other.

ARTICLE 5. The state and all its bodies and officials are bound by the law and constitutional system.

The Constitution of Turkmenistan is the supreme Law of the State, and the standards and provisions it enshrines have direct action. The laws and other legal acts that contradict the Constitution are legally invalid.

The legal acts of state bodies are published for general public knowledge and promulgated otherwise, except for laws that contain state secrets and other information that is protected by the law. Legal acts relating to the rights and liberties of citizens that have not been made general public knowledge are invalid from the date of their adoption.

(...)

SECTION III. SYSTEM OF BODIES OF AUTHORITY AND GOVERNMENT IN TURKMENISTAN

CHAPTER 1. HALK MASLAHATY OF TURKMENISTAN

(...)

ARTICLE 48. The Halk Maslahaty is competent to:

1) adopt a Constitution of Turkmenistan and constitutional laws, and amend and supplement them;

(...)

3) decide to call national referendums;

(...)

5) review and approve guideline programs for the country’s political, economic and social development;

(...)

CHAPTER 2. PRESIDENT OF TURKMENISTAN

(...)

ARTICLE 55. The President of Turkmenistan:

1) enforces the Constitution and other laws;

(...)

6) signs laws, has the right of delaying veto to return a law with his objections within two weeks to the Mejlis for a re-examination and re-voting. If a two-thirds majority of the Mejlis reaffirms its earlier decision, the President of Turkmenistan signs the law. The President of Turkmenistan does not have the right of delaying veto regarding laws that propose amendments and supplements to the Constitution approved by the Halk Maslahaty;

7) appoints a referendum date based on a Halk Maslahaty decision and has the right to convene an early session of the Mejlis;

(...)

ARTICLE 56. The President of Turkmenistan issues decrees, ordinances and orders, which are binding throughout Turkmenistan.

(...)

CHAPTER 3. MEJLIS OF TURKMENISTAN

ARTICLE 61. The Mejlis (Parliament) is the state legislature of Turkmenistan.

(...)

ARTICLE 65. The Mejlis may transfer the right of law-making on certain issues to the President of Turkmenistan and must subsequently review such laws in order to approve them.

The Mejlis may not transfer its law-making rights relating to:

1) criminal and administrative legislation; and,

2) legal proceedings.

ARTICLE 66. The Mejlis is competent to:

1) adopt, interpret, amend and monitor the enforcement of laws. Law enforcement is monitored based on the law;

(...)

7) determine the constitutionality of regulations approved by bodies of state authority and government;

(...)

CHAPTER 4. CABINET OF MINISTERS OF TURKMENISTAN

(...)

ARTICLE 76. The Cabinet of Ministers:

1) organizes the enforcement of the laws of Turkmenistan, the legal acts of the President of Turkmenistan, and the decisions of the Halk Maslahaty;

2) implements measures to secure and protect citizens’ rights and freedoms, and to safeguard property and public order, and national security;

3) develops proposals on key areas of internal and external policies of the state, and programs for the country’s economic and social development, and submits them to the Halk Maslahaty for review;

4) ensures state management of economic and social development, organizes management of state enterprises, organizations and institutions, and secures rational use and protection of natural resources;

5) takes measures to strengthen the monetary and credit system;

6) forms committees, head offices and other agencies under the Cabinet of Ministers, if necessary;

7) implements external economic activities and ensures the development of cultural ties with foreign states;

8) manages the activities of government institutions, state enterprises and organizations, and may repeal the decisions of ministers and other agencies;

9) performs other duties that are placed within its competence by laws and other regulations.

(...)


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