Law on Political Associations of Citizens (1997) (excerpts)

Law of Republic of Georgia

On Political Associations Of Citizens


Article 1

A political association of citizens (hereafter-the party) is a voluntary and independent association of citizens founded on the common world outlook and organizational basis and registered in accordance with the rule established by this law. It carries out its activity within the Constitution and the laws of Georgia.

Article 3

The following principles from establishment and activity of the party:

a) voluntary membership and leaving the party;

b) independence and self-management;

c) electivity and accountability;

d) equality of parties before the law;

e) publicity of establishment and activities of parties.

Article 4

The party is a non-profit legal entity. Those provisions of the Civil Code of Georgia which do not contradict this law are applied to it.


Article 6

No party can be established according to the regional or territorial principle.

Article 7

1. The state ensures protection of party’s rights and legal interests.

2. No authorities and officials can interfere in the party’s activity except the cases stipulated by the law.



Establishment of party and Organization of its Activity

Article 10

A citizen enrolled in the personnel of armed forces, state security or internal bodies, or benched, or appointed a prosecutor as well as in other cases stipulated by the law of Georgia shall terminate membership in the party.

Article 11

Restriction of party membership according to race, skin color, language, sex, religion, national, ethnic and social belonging, origin, property status, and official position, place of residence is not allowed.

Article 12

1. For establishment of a party, a group of at least 300 citizens conduct the party constituent congress (conference, assembly or other) without preliminary permit.

2. The Constituent Congress approves the party charter.

3. The Constituent Congress is attended by a notary who certifies its protocol.


Article 14

1. Name of the party, its short name and symbols shall not concur with the name, short name and symbol of any other registered or liquidated party if less than 4 years passed from its liquidation.


Article 16

1. The Party’s governing, executive and controlling bodies are: congress (conference, assembly and other) of party members, board (council, secretariat, committees and other), auditing committee (supervisory commission, controlling commission and other).

2. The charter may also stipulate creation of other party’s bodies and establishment of official positions.

Article 17

1. The party’s governing body, congress of party members is the top representative body of the party. It is convoked within the term established by the charter, but at least once in four years.

2. Unless the charter provided otherwise, all members of the party have the right to take part in the congress, the charter may provide participation of representatives elected by groups of party members at the congress. Quotas of those representatives are established under the charter or by decision of the board in order to elect at least 200 representatives.

3. The congress is valid if attended by more than half of the party members or representatives. The charter may provide a higher quorum.

4. Unless the charter provides otherwise, the congress makes decisions on the majority of attended votes.

5. The special powers of the congress cover approval of the party’s character, making amendments and supplements in it, election of the party leader, executive and controlling bodies, deciding on reorganization and self-liquidation of the party and other issues stipulated by the law.

Article 18

1. The party’s executive body, the board, composed of at least three members is elected by the Congress for the term under the charter.

2. The board is valid if attended by more than half of the board members. The charter may provide a higher quorum.

3. The board makes decisions on the majority of attended votes. The character may provide decision on some issues by a qualified majority.

Article 19

1. The party’s auditing body, the auditing committee composed of at least three members, is elected by the Congress for the term under the charter.

2. The auditing committee is valid if attended by more than half of the members. The charter may provide a higher quorum.

3. The auditing committee makes decision on the majority of the attended votes. The charter may provide decision on some issues by a qualifies majority.


Chapter III.

Party Property and funds

Article 25

1. The party property is made up of:

a) membership dues;

b) donations of natural and legal persons;

c) in cases established by the law – sums allocated by the state;

d) some received by preparation and sale of party symbols, arrangements of lectures, exhibitions and other similar events by the party as well as from publishing and other activity proceeding from the charter purposes and aims that cannot change the nature of party as a non-profit legal entity.

2. The party has not the right to carry out subsidiary entrepreneurial activity other than the case provided by items 1 of this article.


Article 29

Financing of the electoral campaign of the parties by the state is regulated under the election law of Georgia.

Article 30

1. The state allocates annually a certain amount from its budget for organizational and other activities of parties.


Chapter IV.

Termination of Party

Article 35

A party may be banned by decision of the constitutional Court of Georgia in cases specified by this law only and under the established procedure.

Tbilisi, October 31, 1997