Constitution of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (2008) (excerpts)

The Constitution of the Kingdom of the Netherlands 2008



Article 1

All persons in the Netherlands shall be treated equally in equal circumstances. Discrimination on the grounds of religion, belief, political opinion, race or sex or on any other grounds whatsoever shall not be permitted.


Article 6

1. Everyone shall have the right to profess freely his religion or belief, either individually or in community with others, without prejudice to his responsibility under the law.

2. Rules concerning the exercise of this right other than in buildings and enclosed places may be laid down by Act of Parliament for the protection of health, in the interest of traffic and to combat or prevent disorders.


Article 23

1. Education shall be the constant concern of the Government.

2. All persons shall be free to provide education, without prejudice to the authorities’ right of supervision and, with regard to forms of education designated by law, their right to examine the competence and moral integrity of teachers, to be regulated by Act of Parliament. 3. Education provided by public authorities shall be regulated by Act of Parliament, paying due respect to everyone’s religion or belief.