Constitution (1992, as amended 2006)

The Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania

came into force on 2 November 1992.

(With subsequent amendments until 1 June 2006)

(Adopted by citizens of the Republic of Lithuania

in the Referendum of 25 October 1992)

CHAPTER I

THE STATE OF LITHUANIA

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Article 6

The Constitution shall be an integral and directly applicable act.

Everyone may defend his rights by invoking the Constitution.

Article 7

Any law or other act, which is contrary to the Constitution, shall be invalid.

Only laws which are published shall be valid.

Ignorance of the law shall not exempt one from liability.

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Article 9

The most significant issues concerning the life of the State and the Nation shall be decided by referendum.

In the cases established by law, the Seimas shall announce a referendum.

A referendum shall also be announced if not less than 300,000 citizens with the electoral right so request.

The procedure for the announcement and execution of a referendum shall be established by law.

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CHAPTER V

THE SEIMAS

Article 67

The Seimas:

1) shall consider and adopt amendments to the Constitution;

2) shall pass laws;

3) shall adopt resolutions on referendums;

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Article 68

The right of legislative initiative at the Seimas shall belong to the Members of the Seimas, the President of the Republic, and the Government.

Citizens of the Republic of Lithuania shall also have the right of legislative initiative. 50,000 citizens of the Republic of Lithuania who have the electoral right may submit a draft law to the Seimas and the Seimas must consider it.

Article 69

Laws shall be adopted at the Seimas according to the procedure established by law.

Laws shall be deemed adopted if the majority of the Members of the Seimas participating in the sitting have voted in favour thereof.

Constitutional laws of the Republic of Lithuania shall be adopted if more than half of all the Members of the Seimas vote in favour thereof and they shall be altered by a not less than a 3/5 majority vote of all the Members of the Seimas. The Seimas shall establish the list of constitutional laws by a 3/5 majority vote of the Members of the Seimas.

Provisions of laws of the Republic of Lithuania may also be adopted by referendum.

Article 70

The laws adopted by the Seimas shall come into force after they are signed and officially promulgated by the President of the Republic, unless the laws themselves establish a later date for their coming into force.

Other acts adopted by the Seimas and the Statute of the Seimas shall be signed by the Speaker of the Seimas. The said acts shall come into force on the day following their publication, unless the acts themselves establish another procedure of coming into force.

Article 71

Within ten days of receiving a law adopted by the Seimas, the President of the Republic shall either sign and officially promulgate the law, or shall refer it back to the Seimas together with relevant reasons for reconsideration.

If the law adopted by the Seimas is not referred back and is not signed by the President of the Republic within the specified period, the law shall come into force after it is signed and officially promulgated by the Speaker of the Seimas.

A law or other act adopted by referendum must, within 5 days, be signed and officially promulgated by the President of the Republic.

If the President of the Republic does not sign and promulgate such a law within the specified period, the law shall come into force after it is signed and officially promulgated by the Speaker of the Seimas.

Article 72

The Seimas may consider anew and adopt the law which has been referred back by the President of the Republic.

The law reconsidered by the Seimas shall be deemed adopted provided the amendments and supplements submitted by the President of the Republic were adopted or if more than 1/2 of all the Members of the Seimas voted for the law, and if it was a constitutional law—if not less than 3/5 of all the Members of the Seimas voted for it.

The President of the Republic must within three days sign and forthwith officially promulgate such laws.

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CHAPTER VI

THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC

Article 84

The President of the Republic:

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2) shall sign international treaties of the Republic of Lithuania and submit them to the Seimas for ratification;

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24) shall sign and promulgate laws adopted by the Seimas or refer them back to the Seimas according to the procedure established in Article 71 of the Constitution.

Amendments to the Article:

No. IX-1378, 20.03.2003, Valstybės žinios (Official Gazette), 2003, No. 32-1315 (02.04.2003)

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CHAPTER VII

THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA

Article 94

The Government of the Republic of Lithuania:

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2) shall execute laws and resolutions of the Seimas on the implementation of the laws as well as the decrees of the President of the Republic;

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5) shall prepare draft laws and present them to the Seimas for consideration;

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CHAPTER VIII

THE CONSTITUTIONAL COURT

Article 105

The Constitutional Court shall consider and adopt a decision whether the laws of the Republic of Lithuania and other acts adopted by the Seimas are not in conflict with the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania.

The Constitutional Court shall also consider if the following are not in conflict with the Constitution and laws:

1) acts of the President of the Republic;

2) acts of the Government of the Republic.

The Constitutional Court shall present conclusions:

1) whether there were violations of election laws during elections of the President of the Republic or elections of members of the Seimas;

2) whether the state of health of the President of the Republic allows him to continue to hold office;

3) whether international treaties of the Republic of Lithuania are not in conflict with the Constitution;

4) whether concrete actions of Members of the Seimas and State officials against whom an impeachment case has been instituted are in conflict with the Constitution.

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