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GOVERNMENT EMERGENCY ORDINANCE

No. 194/2002

on the Regime of Aliens in Romania

approved with modifications through Law 357/2003

Modified by LAW 482/2004

Modified by GEO 113/2005

Modified by LAW 306/2005

CHAPTER I

General Provisions

Article 1

Regulatory Field

The present emergency ordinance represents the frame regulating the entry, stay and exit in/out of the Romanian territory, their rights and obligations as well as specific measures for the control of immigration in accordance with the obligations undertaken by Romania in international documents to which it is a party.

Article 2

Definitions

For the purpose of this emergency ordinance, the terms and expressions below have the following meanings:

a) alien –the person who does not have the Romanian citizenship;

b) stateless person – the person who does not have the citizenship of any state;

b1) resident – the alien holding a temporary stay permit on the Romanian territory granted under this emergency ordinance;

b2) permanent resident – the alien holding a permanent stay permit on the Romanian territory granted under this emergency ordinance;

c) Authority for Aliens – the specialised structure organised in the subordination of the Ministry of Interior, which exerts the attributions assigned to it, according to the law, regarding the regime of aliens in Romania, combating illegal stay as well as the management of the data records for aliens who were granted the right to stay in Romania;

d) visa – authorization materialized through applying a sticker or a stamp on a valid border crossing document which allows the alien, having this obligation, to present himself to a border check point in order to request the permit of transit or temporary stay for a limited interval, complying with this legal act;

e) visa for airport transit- authorisation issued by the Romanian diplomatic missions or consular offices allowing the alien to cross the international transit zone of a Romanian airport, without entering the territory of the Romanian State, on the occasion of a transfer between two  routes of an international flight;

f) stay right- the right granted by competent authorities to the alien to stay on the Romanian territory for an established period of time under the provisions of the law;

g) stay permit – identity document issued, under the law, by the Authority for Aliens to the alien whose right to stay on the Romanian territory was renewed or, as the case may be, who was granted the permanent stay right;

h) marriage of convenience- marriage concluded in the sole respect of eluding the entry and stay conditions for aliens and of obtaining the right to stay on the Romanian territory;

Article 3

Aliens’ Rights

(1) Aliens with legal stay in Romania shall benefit from the general protection of persons and wealth, secured by the Constitution and other laws, as well as from the rights provided for in the international treaties to which Romania is a party.

(2) Aliens with legal stay in Romania may move freely and may establish their residence or, as the case may be, their domicile in any region of the Romanian territory.

(3) Aliens with legal stay in Romania, who temporarily leave the territory of the Romanian State, shall have the right to re-enter the territory within the validity interval of the stay permit.

(4) Only aliens with residence and domicile in Romania may be beneficiaries of social security measures taken by the state, under the same conditions as the Romanian citizens.

(5) Aliens who were issued a document by the Authority for Aliens shall have the right to check the personal data recorded in this document and, if necessary, to request the correction or removal of data that are not accurate.

(6) Minor aliens attending the educational system at any level shall have access, without any restrictions, to the educational and training activities in society.

Article 4

Aliens’ Obligations

(1) During their stay in Romania, aliens shall be bound to comply with the Romanian legislation.

(2) Aliens cannot organise political parties or other similar organisations or groups on the Romanian territory and cannot take part in them, cannot hold public positions and titles and cannot initiate, organise or take part in demonstrations or meetings bringing prejudice to public order or national security.

(3) Aliens cannot finance parties, organisations, groups, manifestations or meetings such as those provided in paragraph 2.

(4) Aliens on the Romanian territory shall be bound to comply with the purpose for which the right to enter and, as the case may be, the right to stay on the Romanian territory was granted, not to exceed the term for which the stay was approved and to make all the efforts necessary for leaving Romania before the term expires.

(5) Aliens entering or leaving the Romanian territory shall be bound to comply with the state border crossing control, according to the law.

(6) Aliens on the Romanian territory shall be bound to comply, under the restrictions of the law, with the control of the police authorities as well to the control of other competent public authorities for this purpose.

Article 5

Politics in the Field of Migration

(1) Yearly, the following shall be established by Government Decision:

a) the number of work permits that may be issued to aliens for employment function, established according to the legal provisions on work permits

b) the number of places within education units or institutions which can be offered to aliens and the terms for registration for each form of education;

c) the quantum of allocations necessary for food, support and accommodation in centres as well as those for medical assistance and hospitalisation;

c1)the quantum of the amounts representing the financial means necessary for both the support on their stay period and the return to the origin country or the transit to another state, provisioned under art.6(1)(c);

d) any other problems referring to the politics in the field of migration.

(2) Whenever necessary, the Government may establish, through decision, the introduction or suspension of short term facilities, upon granting the right to enter or, if the case, upon renewing the stay right on the Romanian territory, for certain categories of aliens as well as the intervals for which these facilities are granted or suspended. On a long-term perspective, the Government shall establish the national strategy in the field of immigration.

(3) The Romanian Government, through its institutions, shall transmit to the European Commission and the governments of the other Member States, in due time but no later than the date of publication, the following information:

a) draft normative acts providing measures which are intended to be taken with regard to third country workers and members of their families, in the areas of entry, residence and employment, including illegal entry, residence and employment, as well as the realization of equality of treatment in living and working conditions, wages and economic rights, the promotion of integration into the workforce and society, and the voluntary return of such persons to their countries of origin;

b) draft agreements relating to the matters mentioned in point a), as well as draft cooperation agreements which they intend to negotiate or renegotiate with third countries, when these agreements involve provisions relating to the matters mentioned in point a);

c) draft agreements relating to conditions of residence and employment of their nationals working in third countries and members of their families, which they intend to negotiate or renegotiate with those countries.

(4) The Romanian Government shall transmit to the European Commission and the governments of the other Member States, the texts of provisions laid down by law, regulation or administrative action already in force, and also the texts of agreements made with third countries, regarding the matters mentioned by (3)(a) above.

CHAPTER II

General provisions regarding the entry, stay and exit of aliens in/out of the Romanian territory

SECTION 1

Aliens’ Entry on the Romanian Territory

Article 6

Conditions Regarding Aliens’ Entry on the Romanian Territory

(1) Entry on the Romanian territory may be permitted to aliens complying with the following conditions:

a) they shall hold a valid state border crossing document accepted by the Romanian State;

b) they shall hold the Romanian visa issued under the restrictions of the present ordinance, or, if the case may be, a valid stay permit, if not otherwise provided for by international agreements;

c) they shall present, under the restrictions of this emergency ordinance, the documents that justify the purpose and conditions of their stay and which prove the existence of appropriate means both for their support during the interval of their stay, and for the return to the state of origin or for the transit to another state where there is the certainty that they shall be allowed to enter;

d) in the case of aliens who transit the Romanian territory, it is certain that their entry on the destination state is allowed or that they will leave the Romanian territory;

e) they are not included in the category of aliens against whom the measure of interdicting the entry on the Romanian territory has been applied or who were declared undesirable;

f) they do not represent any threat for national defence and security, public order, health and  moral probity;

(11) The citizens of the Member States of the European Union and of the European Economic Area are allowed to enter the Romanian territory without complying with the conditions stated under par.(1), points c) and d).

(2) The provisions of this emergency ordinance regarding the conditions of entry and stay of aliens in Romania are not to be applied to the aliens who stay in the international transit areas of airports, in the transit areas at the state border or in the accommodation centres that have the status of a transit area or on the ships or boats anchored in maritime or river harbours.

(3) The aliens’ entrance on Romanian territory may be done through any crossing checkpoint of the state border that is open to international transit of persons

(4) Aliens may also cross the state border through other places under the conditions set up by agreements and arrangements between Romania and other states.

Article 7

Obligations of Carriers

(1) Transportation companies shall be forbidden to bring to Romania aliens who do not comply with the conditions provided for in Article 6 (1) (a), (b).

(2) In the case the provisions under paragraph 1 are not complied with, the respective transportation company shall be bound to ensure and bear the immediate transport of the respective aliens to the place of embarkation or to other place which the alien accepts and where he is accepted. If this is not possible, the carrier shall be bound to bear the expenses for accommodation and support, as well as all other expenses deriving form the return of these persons. 

(3) The obligations under paragraph 2 shall be also applicable to transportation  companies bringing aliens in transit to Romania, if:

a) the carrier that is to transport them to the country of destination refuses to embark them;

b) whenever the authorities of the country of destination do not allow the entry of aliens and return them to Romania.

Article 8

Rejection of Entry on the Romanian Territory

(1) Aliens shall be interdicted to enter the territory of the Romanian State if:

a) they do not meet the conditions under Article 6(1);

b) they are signalled by international organisations to which Romania is a party, as well as by institutions specialised in combating terrorism, to finance, organise or support in any possible way or commit terrorism acts;

c) there are indications that they are part of organised criminal groups with transnational character or which support, through any means, the activity of these groups;

d) there are serious reasons to consider  that they have committed  criminal offences or took part in committing criminal offences against peace and humanity, war crimes or crimes against humanity, provided in the international conventions to which Romania is party;

(2) Border police bodies may reject the entry of aliens on the territory of the Romanian State under the following circumstances as well:

a) they committed criminal offences during other stays in Romania or abroad against the Romanian State or a Romanian citizen;

b) they introduced or tried to illegally introduce other aliens on the Romanian territory;

c) they have previously not respected the purpose declared when obtaining the visa, or, as the case may be, the purpose of entry or have attempted to cross the Romanian border using false or falsified documents. 

d) they have diseases, established by order of the Minister of Health, that can severely endanger public safety;

(3) The bodies and institutions holding data and information regarding certain cases as provided in paragraph 1 and 2 shall be bound to inform the General Inspectorate of Border Police and the Authority for Aliens or their territorial branches.

(4) The measure of not allowing the alien to enter the Romanian territory shall be justified by the border police authorities and shall be immediately notified to the person in question and to the Directorate of Consular Relations within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Article 9

Aliens’ Obligations

(1) The alien who was interdicted to enter Romania shall be bound to immediately leave the border crossing checking point for the country of origin or any other destination that he wants, except Romania.

(2) In the case the immediate leave of the alien provided for in paragraph 1 is not possible, the border police units may take measures of accommodating the alien in a space arranged in this respect in the transit area, set at their disposal by the administrator of the border crossing point, up to the moment the reasons that make his leaving the territory impossible shall cease, but not exceeding 24 hours from the date of accommodation.

Article 10

State Border Crossing Documents Accepted by the Romanian State

(1) The following state border crossing documents shall be accepted by Romania provided that they certify the identity and, if the case, the stateless status of the holder:

a) passports, travel titles, sailor books or other similar documents issued according to the standards required by the international practice, by the states, territories or international entities acknowledged by Romania; 

b) the identity card or other similar documents based on reciprocity or unilaterally, for citizens belonging to the states established by the decision of the Romanian Government;

c) travel documents of refugees issued under the Geneva Convention of 1951 regarding the status of refugees and travel documents issued to aliens who were granted conditioned humanitarian protection;

d) travel documents of stateless persons issued by the states where they have their domicile;

(2) Aliens included in a state border crossing document of an other person may enter and leave Romania only accompanied by the holder of the document.

(3) Aliens may also enter and leave Romania on the basis of a collective passport, only in groups, provided that each member of the group should have an individual document attesting his identity and which contains a photograph of the holder and the leader of the group should have an individual state border crossing documents.

(4) At the suggestion of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Interior, the Government shall make public the list containing the state border crossing documents accepted by the Romanian State issued by states or international entities acknowledged by Romania.

(5) For humanitarian reasons or in applying international agreements or arrangements to which Romania is a party, the Romanian Government may also approve, by Government decision, other documents on the basis of which the entry on the Romanian territory may be permitted.

SECTION 2

Aliens’ Stay on the Romanian Territory

Article 11

General Provisions on Aliens’ Stay on the Romanian Territory

(1) Aliens with temporary stay in Romania may remain on the territory of the Romanian State only to the expiry date of the right to stay granted by visa or, if the case, by the stay permit.

(2) In the circumstances when international conventions or legal acts which unilaterally dissolve the visa regime, do not provide for the period the visas are dissolved, the aliens who do not have the obligation of obtaining a visa for entering the Romanian territory shall be allowed to enter the territory of the Romanian State and may remain up to 90 days in an interval of 6 months, starting the date of their first entry.

Article 12

Conditions Regarding the accommodation of Aliens

(1) The alien who has legally entered the Romanian territory shall give notice of his/her presence to the territorially competent police unit, within 3 days upon entry. EU and EEC nationals shall be exempted.

(2) In the case of accommodating the aliens in hotels or other tourist premises, the alien shall fulfil the record formalities at the administration of the respective premises which, within 24 hours, shall communicate the necessary data to the territorial competent police authority.

Article 13

Notifying the Authorities of changes in the Aliens’ Status

(1) During their stay in Romania, aliens shall be bound to declare the following to the territorial unit of the Authority for Aliens which granted their right to stay:

a) Repealed

b) any change in the personal status, especially the change of citizenship, concluding, ending, revoking  a marriage, the birth of a child, the death of a family member on the Romanian territory;

c) any change related to employment;

d) the loss, validity renewal or change of the state border crossing document;

(11) The alien who changes his/her residence shall be obliged to present himself/herself to the territorially competent office of The Authority for Aliens in order to be registered and his/her identity documents to be changed, within 15 days since he/she moved to the new residence.

(2) The loss of the state border crossing documents shall be declared to the territorial competent police authority.

(3) The statements under paragraph 1 shall be made within 30 days, and the statements under paragraph 2, within 48 hours.

SECTION 3

Aliens Leaving the Romanian Territory

Article 14

Leaving the Romanian Territory

(1) In case the alien no longer is in possession of the document he/she used to cross the Romanian border, he /she must present a new document valid for crossing the border.

(2) The person having the citizenship of several states shall be bound to present upon leaving the country the state border crossing document on the basis of which he entered the Romanian territory. On exceptional occasions, the border police authorities may allow aliens to leave the country also on the basis of the document certifying a different citizenship.

Article 15

Interdiction of Leaving the Romanian Territory

(1) The aliens shall not be allowed to leave the country under the following circumstances:

a) they are charged or accused in a penal case and the prosecutor decides the implementation of the interdiction measure of leaving the town or the country;

b) they were sentenced by a final court decision and they have to carry a prison sentence;

(2) In the circumstances provided in paragraph 1, the measure of not allowing the leaving of the country shall be taken by the competent body within the Ministry of Interior only based on the written request of the prosecutor, courts of justice or the bodies provided by law which have powers to implement the prison sentence.

(3) In all the cases, the reasons that have led to the decision shall be specified and, if the case, the supporting documents shall be presented.

(4) The interdiction of leaving the country shall be materialised as follows:

a) the General Inspectorate of Border Police shall establish the nominal confinement in the traffic record system at the state border;

b) the Authority for Aliens and its territorial units shall append the stamp with the “C” symbol to the state border crossing documents.

Article 16

Revocation of the Interdiction Measure of Leaving the Territory

(1) The revocation of this measure shall be made by cancelling the nominal confinement or appending the stamp with the “L” symbol in the state border crossing document upon the written request of the public authority with such a competence according to the law, for the cases under Article 15(1).

(2) The measure of interdicting the leaving of the country shall be revoked de iure if the alien, subject to one of the circumstances provided in Article 15, proves by documents issued by the competent authorities, under the law, to the authorised body within the Ministry of Interior that:

a) it was ordered that the criminal pursuit should not begin or should cease, he was acquitted, or it was ordered that the criminal trial should cease;

b) he executed the punishment, he was acquitted, he benefits from amnesty or he was convicted with the conditioned suspension of the punishment execution by final court decision.

CHAPTER III

Visa Granting Regime

SECTION 1

General Provisions

Article 17

Visa Form and Content

Visa form, content and security elements shall be approved by decision of the Romanian Government at the proposal of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs after consulting the Ministry of Interior and in accordance with the standards of the European Union in this field.

Article 18

Limits of the Rights Conferred by Visa

Visa shall give the holder the right to enter the territory of the Romanian State only if at the moment the alien presents himself at the border crossing check-points the Romanian Border Police Authorities come to the conclusion that there is no reason to interdict the entry in Romania, in accordance with the reasons provided for in Article 8(1), (2).

Article 19

Exemptions from the Regime of Visa Compulsion

(1) Citizens of the states with whom Romania has signed agreements in this respect are exempt from visa compulsion under the conditions and for the staying intervals settled in these agreements.

(11) The aliens who are airplane pilots and the other members of the crew, bearers of a flight licence or a crew certificate as provided in annex no. 9 of the Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviation signed on the 7th of December 1944, shall be exempted from the obligation to bear a passport and visa, only when on duty and:

(a) they are not leaving the transit airport;

(b) they are not leaving the destination airport;

(c) they are not leaving the city next to the airport;

(d) they are only leaving the airport in order to get to another Romanian airport.

(2) The Government may establish by decision, the unilateral exemption of citizens of certain states from visa compulsion.

SECTION 2

Types of Visa

Article 20

Types of Visa

Function of the purpose they are issued for, visas can be:

a) airport transit visa, identified by A symbol;

b) transit visa, identified through B symbol;

c) short stay visa, identified through C symbol;

d) long stay visa, identified by one of the following symbols, function of the activity the alien receiving the visa is to perform in Romania:

i. economic activities, identified by D/AE symbol;

ii. professional activities, identified by D/AP symbol;

iii. commercial activities, identified by D/AC symbol;

iv. employment, identified by D/AM symbol;

v. studies, identified by D/SD symbol;

vi. family reunification, identified by D/VF symbol;

vii. entry on the Romanian territory of aliens married to Romanian citizens, identified by D/CR symbol;

viii. religious or humanitarian activities, identified by D/RU symbol;

viii1 diplomatic visa and service visa, identified by DS symbol;

ix. other purposes, identified by D/AS symbol;

Article 21

Airport Transit Visa

(1) The airport transit visa shall be compulsory for citizens of states included in the list drawn up by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in accordance with the European Union regulations regarding the measures for airport transit. The same regime shall also be applied to aliens who, without being citizens of these states, hold a border crossing document issued by the authorities of the respective states.

(2) The Ministry of Foreign Affairs shall permanently bring to date the list provided for in paragraph 1 function of the European Union regulations.

Article 22

Transit Visa

The transit visa shall be the visa that allows the alien to transit the Romanian territory. The transit visa may be issued for one or two transits and, in exceptional cases, for several transits, the length of each transit not exceeding 5 days.

Article 23

Short-Stay Visa

(1) Short stay visa is the visa that allows the aliens to request the entry on the Romanian territory, for other reasons than immigration, with a view to an uninterrupted stay or several stay intervals whose total duration should not exceed 90 days within 6 months as of the first entry. Such type of visa may be issued with one or multiple entries.

(2) In the case of aliens traveling frequently to Romania, for business co-operation relations, upon the request of the central administrative authorities or the companies with a far-reaching economic and financial power, the short-stay visa with multiple entries may be also granted for one year and, in exceptional cases, for an interval of up to 5 years.  Also in this case, the duration of the stay cannot exceed 90 days within 6 months.

(3) This type of visa shall be granted for the following purposes:

a) mission to aliens who, for reasons related to their political, administrative or public utility function have to travel to Romania. This type of visa shall be issued to aliens occupying positions within governments, public administrations or international organisations as well as to those who, by reason of their stay in Romania, are of interest for the relations between the Romanian State and the affiliation state. It can also be issued to the family members accompanying them;

b) tourism– to the alien who is to travel to Romania for tourist reasons;

c) visit– to the alien who intends to travel to Romania in order to visit Romanian citizens or aliens with a valid stay permit;

d) business– to the alien who intends to travel to Romania for economic and/or commercial purposes, for contracts or negotiations, to learn or to verify the use and operation of goods acquired or sold under the commercial and industrial co-operation contracts, as well as to the alien that is or will become an associate or shareholder of a Romanian trade company;

e) transportation– to the alien who is to travel for short periods of time in order to carry out professional activities related to goods or persons transportation;

f) sports– to the alien who is to enter Romania for a limited interval in order to participate in sports competitions

g) cultural, scientific, humanitarian activities, short-term medical treatment or other activities which do not breach the Romanian legislation– under the conditions of justifying their presence in Romania.

(4) The right to stay in Romania, granted to the alien through he short stay visa, cannot be renewed.

Article 24

Long-Stay Visa

(1) The long stay visa shall be granted to aliens, upon request, for a period of 90 days with one or more entries, for the following purposes:

a) economic activities -  to aliens that are to carry out economic activities independently or within family associations under the law on the organisation and performance of economic activities by natural persons;

b) professional activities – to aliens who have the right to exercise professions individually on the Romanian territory on the basis of some special laws;

c) carrying out commercial activities – to aliens who are or will become shareholders or associates in Romanian trade companies, having responsibilities for running and administering them

d) employment – to aliens who are to enter Romania with the view to being employed. The visa granted for such purpose  shall be issued  also to sportsmen who are to perform in certain clubs and teams in Romania, on the basis on an employment contract;

e) studies- to aliens who are to enter Romania to attend high school, undergraduate or graduate courses, as the case may be, or for obtaining scientific titles within state or accredited private institutions under the law;

f) family reunification – to aliens who are to enter Romania in order to regain family unity;

g) aliens married to Romanian citizens entering the Romanian territory;

h) religious or humanitarian activities - to aliens who are to enter Romania in order to carry out activities in the field of acknowledged cults, at request of the respective organisations, or for humanitarian purpose;

i) other purposes – for aliens temporarily transferred by the foreign companies, for trainees and seasonal workers, those who follow long-term medical treatment, aliens whose presence on the Romanian territory is necessary out of national security interests and those performing other activities which do not breach the Romanian laws.

(2) Long-stay visa allows the aliens who entered the Romanian territory to request the renewal of the temporary stay right and obtain a stay permit.

Article 25

Diplomatic Visa and Service Visa

(1) The diplomatic visa and service visa shall allow the entry in Romania usually for a long stay period to the aliens holding a diplomatic, respectively service passport who are to occupy an official position as members of a diplomatic representative office or of a consular office of the affiliation state in Romania.

(2) Such types of visas shall be issued to the holders of diplomatic, respectively service passports or assimilated to those, upon the request of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the submitting state or of its diplomatic or consular representative office, as well as to the family members with whom the holder lives and shall be valid for their mission interval or in accordance with the bilateral agreements to which Romania is a party.

Article 26

Collective Visa

(1) The collective visa is a transit or short-stay visa granted for tourist purposes and for a period which should not exceed 30 days, issued to a group of aliens, established prior to the request, provided that its members should enter, stay on and leave the Romanian territory in group.

(2) This type of visa shall be issued for groups consisting of minimum 5 up to 50 persons. The leader of the group should have an individual passport and, as the case may be, an individual visa.

(3) In case of organised groups of pupils, citizens of the states for which the visa is compulsory, residents in a state which is member of the European Union, travelling to Romania in school trips or who are in transit, they may enter without a visa under all of the following conditions:

a) the group must be accompanied by a teacher from the school organising the trip;

b) there should be an official list of the participants according to which they could be identified;

c) the participants should hold valid state border crossing documents

(4) also, collective visa may be granted at the border by the competent authorities to foreign seamen with the same citizenship, who request the transit in groups of 5 to 50 persons in order to embark, re-embark or to leave the ship with a view to repatriation upon the expiry of their work contracts, as well as in case of changing the crews.

SECTION 3

General Conditions for Granting Visas

Article 27

Granting the Romanian Visa

(1) The Romanian visa may be granted, upon request, to aliens under the conditions and purposes provided for in this chapter.

(2) The Romanian visa shall be granted only if:

a) the conditions regarding the entry in Romania, under Article 6 (1)(a), (c)-(f) are complied with;

b) there is no reason of interdicting the entry in Romania, provided for in Article 8 (1) (b)-(d);

c) the alien was not finally sentenced for having committed offences abroad incompatible with the purpose for which he requests the visa;

d) the general conditions provided for in this section, as well as the special conditions for visa granting function of the purpose for which the visa is requested, are complied with;

Article 28

Conditions Regarding the Validity of Travel Documents

(1) The validity term of the travel document on which the visa is to be applied must exceed the validity term of the requested visa with at least 6 months.

(2) As an exception, for emergency, humanitarian or national interest reasons or pursuant to certain international obligations undertaken by Romania, visas may also be granted to the aliens holding state border crossing documents whose validity is smaller than the one provided in paragraph 1, under the condition that the validity term of the visa should not exceed that of the document.

Article 29

Conditions for Visa Requests

(1) The application for visa must be accompanied by the state border crossing document, valid according to Article 28, on which the visa can be applied, as well as the documents that justify the purpose and the conditions of the travel, as well as the proof that he holds the means of support during his stay in Romania as well as for leaving Romania.

(2) Cash in convertible currency, travel cheques, cheque books over an account in estimates, credit cards with a statement of account dated no more than 2 days before the request of visa or any other method allowing the justification of a guarantee of the resources in estimates may be accepted as a proof of the financial means.

(3) Upon requesting the entry visa for Romania, aliens must present themselves personally to the authorities competent in granting visas.

(4) An exception from the provisions of paragraph 3 are the important personalities in the social, cultural, political or economical sphere or the cases in which aliens have to cover a large distance to present themselves to the diplomatic mission or the consular office and only if there is no doubt regarding their good faith and in the cases of travels in group when a well-known and trustworthy institution is liable for the good faith of the applicants.

Article 30

Authorities with Competence in Granting the Romanian Visa

(1) The Romanian visa shall be granted by the Romanian diplomatic missions and consular offices abroad with the prior approval of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

(11) The Romanian diplomatic missions and consular offices abroad may grant a short stay visa without the prior approval of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, to aliens who do not need a visa to enter the territory of the Member States of the European Union.

(2) With a view to approving the issuance of short stay visas for aliens from the states included in the list stipulated in Article 36 (2), as well as long stay visa, the Consular Relations Directorate within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, shall request for each application, except those under Article 40(2), the approval of the Authority for Aliens, which shall specify if the conditions in Article 27(2) (a) and (b) are complied with. The approval of the Authority for Aliens shall be issued within 30 days from the date of receiving the request from the Consular Relations Directorate

Article 31

Granting the Romanian Visa by the Border Police Authorities

(1) Short stay and transit visas may be granted, as an exception, also by the border police authorities, at the state border crossing check points, only in the following circumstances:

a) emergency cases caused by disasters, natural calamities or accidents;

b) cases of death, serious illness proved by appropriate documents;

c) cases of ship or airplane crews or passengers under exceptional circumstances when they need to harbour or to land as a result of bad functioning, bad weather or danger of terrorist attack;

d) in the case of civil servants belonging to international organisations delegated to accomplish official missions in Romanian in a short time interval;

f) in the case of foreign sailors who request the permission of transit in order to embark, re-embark or in order to leave a ship with a view to repatriation upon the expiry of the work contract, as well as in the case of changing the crews

(2) In the case provided for in paragraph (1)(f), the Romanian visa shall be granted to foreign sailors in these circumstances, upon  the request of the  freighting out agencies or of the shipping agency of the state in which the ship is registered, after the conclusion of checks regarding:

a) the correctness of data  submitted regarding the existence of the ship on which the change is to take place in a Romanian harbour and the necessity of granting a visa;

b) the compliance with all the other conditions for entering Romania of the sailor who is the subject of the visa request;

c) the itinerary and the transport means between the state border crossing check points, including the travel ticket on the basis of which the foreign sailor is to leave the state.

(3) After the completion of the checks provided for in paragraph 2, if data submitted by the agency are correct and the conditions provided by the law are complied with for the sailor to be allowed to enter the country, the head of the state border crossing check point shall submit the request provided for in paragraph 2 to the General Inspectorate of Border Police, to be approved.

(4) The visas provided for in paragraph 1 may be granted for intervals not exceeding:

a) 15 days in the case of a short stay visa

b) 5 days for transit visas.

Article 32

Visa Annulment and Revocation

(1) Visa may be annulled or revoked abroad by the diplomatic missions or the consular offices of Romania and on the Romanian territory by the Consular Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs upon the motivated request of the border police authorities on the occasion of the state border crossing checks, or of the Authority for Aliens when aliens are on the Romanian territory. The execution of the annulment or revocation measure in the country shall be made by the border police bodies or, as the case may be, by the bodies of the Authority for Aliens

(2) The authorities provided for in paragraph 1 may take the measure of annulling a visa under the following circumstances:

a) it is established that, upon requesting the visa, the aliens did not meet the conditions provided by the present ordinance;

b) the aliens obtained the entry visa on the basis of false documents or information;

c) the aliens introduced or tried to illegally introduce other aliens into Romania or facilitated their transportation or accommodation;

d) the aliens breached the customs regulations or those regarding the state border.

(3) The measure for revoking a visa may be taken by the authorities provided for in paragraph 1 in the following circumstances:

a) the aliens no longer meet the conditions required upon granting the visa;

b) the purpose for which the visa was granted is no longer complied with;

c) the aliens were declared undesirable after being granted a visa;

(4) In case the alien is abroad, the diplomatic mission or consular office which granted the visa shall notify in writing the alien on the decision for annulling or, as the case may be, revocation of visa, together with the reasons for this decision, in case the alien is at the border crossing point, he shall be notified by the border police and in case the alien is in Romania he shall be informed by the Authority for Aliens through the order of leaving the territory, provided for in Article 80. As from the date of the notification, the annulment shall have retroactive effects and the revocation only subsequent effects in the future

(5) On the occasion of communicating the decision, the stamp “Annuled” shall be applied on the visa;

(6) At the state border crossing check, the border police authorities limit the validity period of the visa in the case they come to the conclusion that the alien does not have the means of support for the entire validity period of the visa. The limiting of the visa shall materialise through inscribing on the visa the period for which they consider that the alien has the means of support, according to the law.

SECTION 4

Special Conditions for Granting Short-Stay, Transit and Airport Transit Visas

Article 33

Conditions for Granting Airport Transit Visa

(1) Airport transit visa shall be issued by the Romanian diplomatic missions or consular offices only with the prior approval of the Consular Relations Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to the citizens coming from the states provided in the list drawn up by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in this respect, under the conditions of the existence of the visa of a third state allowing the aliens to continue their travel. This visa may be granted upon presenting the plane ticket valid to the destination point and allows the aliens to remain in the airport area no more than 5 days.

(2) This type of visa shall not be necessary in the case of:

a) members of plane crews;

b) holders of diplomatic, service passports or assimilated to these;

c) holders of residence permits or equivalent documents issued by the Member States of the European Union;

d) holders of visas issued by a member state of the European Union.

Article 34

Conditions for Granting the Transit Visa

(1) The transit visa shall be granted to applicants under the following conditions:

a) they hold the visa of a third state and, if necessary, of a state bordering Romania enabling aliens to continue their travel;

b) they have a travel ticket valid to the destination point or they present their driving licence, the green card and the record documents of the means of transportation, in the case of vehicle drivers;

(2)The persons accompanying the drivers, travelling together with the latter, are exempted from complying with the condition provided for in paragraph (1)(b).

Article 35

Conditions for Granting Short-Stay Visas

(1) Function of the purpose for which this type of visa has been requested, the fulfilment of the following conditions shall be necessary:

a) mission – the visa shall be granted to aliens proving that they have one of the qualities provided in Article 23(3)(a) and travel to Romania pursuant to such qualities. It is granted only by the diplomatic missions and the consular offices of Romania;

b) tourism – the visa shall be granted to the aliens if they present:

(i) a voucher or firm reservation from a tourist accommodation unit;

(ii) a travel ticket valid to the destination  point or the driving license, green card and the registration documents of the means of transport in the case of  vehicle drivers;

(iii) medical insurance;

(iv) the proof of the financial means in amount of EUR 100/day or the equivalent value in convertible currency for the entire period of time.

c) visit – the visa shall be granted to aliens if they present:

(i) a travel ticket valid to the destination point or the driving license, green card and the registration documents of the means of transport, in the case of vehicle drivers;

(ii) medical insurance;

(iii) the proof of the financial means in amount of EUR 100/day or the equivalent value in convertible currency for the entire period of time;

(iv) the proof of providing accommodation conditions as a firm reservation with an accommodation unit, an ownership or rent agreement for a house in Romania in the name of the applicant or, as the case may be, a notarised statement of the visited person with the notarised copy of the premises documents.

d) business – visa shall be granted to aliens if they present:

(i) a travel ticket valid to the destination point or the driving license, green card and the registration documents of the means of transport, in the  case of vehicle drivers;

(ii) medical insurance;

(iii) documents certifying the purpose of the trip;

(iv) financial means in amount of EUR 100/day or the equivalent value in convertible currency for the entire period of time;

(v) the proof of accommodation conditions.

e) transportation – the visa shall be granted to aliens if they present:

(i) documents attesting the profession of the applicant, as well as  the activity to be carried out during his stay;

(ii) medical insurance;

(iii) the driving license, green card and the registration documents of the means of transport;

(iv) transportation license and execution license.

f) sports – the visa shall be granted to the aliens if they present:

(i) the invitation of the organisers attesting medical insurance and accommodation means;

(ii) the official list of the foreign sports association specifying the position of each member;

(iii) the approval of the territorially competent county directorate for youth and sports,

g) cultural, scientific, humanitarian activities, short-term medical treatment or other activities which do not breach the Romanian laws –  visa shall be granted to aliens if they present:

(i) documents issued by the institutions where they are to travel to in order to justify their presence in Romania;

(ii) a travel ticket valid to the destination point or  the driving licence, green card and the registration documents of the means of transport, in the  case of vehicle drivers;

(iii) the proof of  financial means in amount of EUR 100/day or the equivalent value in convertible currency for the entire period of time;

(iv) medical insurance;

(v) the proof of accommodation means.

(2) The persons accompanying the drivers, travelling together with the latter, are exempted from complying to the condition provided for in paragraph (1)(b)( ii), (1)(c)(i), (1)(d)(i), (1)(g)(ii).

SECTION 5

Special Conditions for Granting the Short-Stay Visas on the Basis of Invitation

Article 36

Scope of Application

(1) The short-stay visas for the aliens coming from the states with high migration potential shall be granted under the conditions provided for in Articles 27-29, respecting the special conditions settled in this section. 

(2) The list of the states for whose citizens these provisions are applicable shall fall under the competence of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs with the approval of the Ministry of Interior.

Article 37

Invitation Procedure

(1) The aliens in the category under Article 36(1), holders of simple passports, may be granted a short-stay visa with a single or several entries if they submit to the diplomatic missions and the consular offices a written invitation from a natural or legal entity for the following purposes:

a) visit – the Romanian citizens with domicile in Romania or aliens holding a stay permit may make invitations if they submit, as the case may be, the following documents:

(i) the identity card for the Romanian citizens or the stay permit for the foreign citizens, in original and copy;

(ii) the proof of accommodation means;

(iii) the proof of the possibilities of providing support for the  invited alien;

(iv) copy of the state border crossing document belonging to the invited alien;

(v) two photos of 3 x 4 cm of the invited alien;

(vi) the criminal record certificate of the invited alien or other document with the same legal value, issued by the authorities of the origin state, translated and notarised.

b) tourism – the companies with tourist profile may make invitations nominally for each invited alien if they submit the following documents:

(i) the registration certificate and the statutes of the company in original and copy;

(ii) the proxy from the company for the person designated to invite on its behalf;

(iii) the identity card or the stay permit, as the case may be, of the authorised person;

(iv) copy of the state border crossing document belonging to the invited alien;

(v) two photos of 3 x 4 cm of the invited alien;

(vi) the criminal record certificate of the invited alien or other document with the same legal value, issued by the authorities of the origin state, translated and notarised.

c) business – the companies with their headquarters in Romania may usually make invitations for 3 persons simultaneously. On behalf of the companies only persons who are appointed under the law to run or administrate the investment or are holders of the majority of the social capital can make invitations. In this case the following documents shall be required to be submitted:

(i) the registration certificate and the statutes of the company in original and copy;

(ii) the proof of the position of the person inviting on behalf of the company;

(iii) the identity card or the stay permit, as the case may be, of the authorised person;

(iv) copy of the state border crossing document belonging to the invited alien;

(v) two photos of 3 x 4 cm of the invited alien;

(vi) the criminal record certificate of the invited alien or other document with the same legal value, issued by the authorities of the origin state, translated and notarised;

(vii) the proof of the possibilities of providing accommodation for the invited alien for the period of stay in Romania;

(2) The invitations shall be filled in two copies and shall be submitted to the headquarters of the territorial units of the Authority for Aliens in view of approval.

(3) The approval shall be conditioned by the procedures of verifying the submitted documents and records of the Authority for Aliens in order to establish the compliance with the legal conditions regarding the entry in Romania of the respective aliens and implicitly to prevent certain aliens from entering Romania, aliens who do not present sufficient guarantees that they will leave the territory upon the expiry of the visa.

(4) The settlement of the requests for invitation approval shall be made within 60 days following their submission.

(5) In case of approval, a copy of the invitation shall be submitted to the inviting person to transmit it to the invited alien and the Authority for Aliens shall notify it in writing the Consular Relations Directorate within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

(6) The alien may make the request for being granted a visa within 60 following the approval of the invitation.

(7) A new invitation submitted by an applicant shall not be approved  irrespective of its purpose if one of the previously invited persons did not leave the state territory within the validity term of the visa.

(8) The visas granted on the basis of invitation shall allow an alien the stay on the Romanian territory  for a period up to 90 days.

Article 38

Form and Content of the Invitation

(1) The form, content and security elements shall be established by the Ministry of Interior which shall ensure, through the Authority for Aliens, the issuance of invitation forms.

(2) The cost of standard forms shall be borne by the inviting natural or legal persons.

Article 39

Establishment of Bank Deposits

(1) The list provided in Article 36(2) shall distinctly mention the states for whose citizens the establishment of a bank deposit in ROL and foreign currency is necessary , made available for the Authority for Aliens with a view to covering the expenses caused by the return of the invited aliens who do not leave Romania within the granted visa term. 

(2) The provisions in paragraph 1 shall also apply to the stateless persons with domicile in these states.

(3) The opening of the bank deposits in the country shall be made with the banking institutions with which the Ministry of Interior concluded protocols in this respect.

(4) The bank deposit opened in the country shall be made available for the Authority for Aliens until the invited alien leaves Romania, but not exceeding 2 years.

(5) The amounts unspent upon the removal shall be returned to the deponent with the approval of the Authority for Aliens.

(6) The tourist companies may also set up global deposits with the approval of the Authority for Aliens.

Article 40

Exceptions from the Invitation Procedure

(1) The Consular Relations Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs may approve, with the prior approval of the Authority for Aliens, the exemption from the invitation procedure for the following categories of aliens:

a) the minor alien whose parent holds a stay permit in Romania, under the condition that  this permit is valid at least for 90 days from the date the entry visa is issued;

b) the husband/wife and the parents of the alien owning a stay permit in Romania, under the condition that the permit is valid at least for 90 days from the date the entry visa is issued.

c) the alien whose parent is a Romanian citizen

(2) The Consular Relations Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs may approve, without requesting for the approval of the Authority for Aliens, the exemption from the invitation procedure for the following categories of aliens:

a) aliens married to Romanian citizens;

b) aliens holding a valid stay permit in one of the Member States of the European Union;

c) aliens holding a valid stay permit in states for whose citizens the entry visa in the Member States of the European Union is not compulsory;

d) aliens who have in the state border crossing document appended visas of the Member States of the European Union or the states for whose citizens the entry visa in the European Union area is not compulsory, valid at least 3 months as of the request date;

e) aliens who are to come to Romania for business, upon the request of the central administrative authorities and well-known companies undertaking the obligation of bearing expenses in respect of material, medical assistance and repatriation expenses through a letter of guarantee.

f) aliens who are to come to Romania at the invitation and the responsibility of the diplomatic missions or foreign consular departments accredited in Romania

g) aliens for whom the granting of visa has been requested in writing to the diplomatic or consular missions  by the foreign public central authorities  or chambers of commerce;

h) the persons for whom the granting of visa has been requested in writing to the Consular Relations Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs by the following institutions in Romania: Presidential Administration, Parliament, Government and other public central authorities, the Romanian Chamber of Commerce and Industry, prefectures and the important companies with large economic and financial capacity undertaking the obligation of bearing expenses in respect of material and medical assistance and repatriation expenses through a letter of guarantee;

i) truck drivers

j) personalities in the Romanian Diaspora and their descendants;

SECTION 6

Special Conditions for Granting Long-Stay Visa

Article 41

Long-Stay Visa for Carrying Out Economic Activities

Long stay visas for economic activities shall be granted to aliens that are to carry out independent economic activities or within family associations in accordance with the law on the organisation and performance of economic activities by natural persons and who have to present the following documents:

a) the proof of complying with the conditions for carrying out the activity, provided for in the law on the organisation and performance of economic activities by natural persons;

b) medical insurance for the visa validity period;

c) criminal record certificate or other document with the same legal value;

Article 42

Long –Stay Visa for Professional Activities

(1) The long-stay visa for individual professional activities shall be granted to aliens that are to carry out such activities in accordance with the special laws regulating the conditions for carrying out the respective professions.

(2) This type of visa may be granted to aliens complying with the following conditions:

a) the proof of complying with the conditions related to the means of carrying out the respective professions;

b) the proof that in the country of origin they carry out a similar profession with the one they intend to carry out in Romania;

c) medical insurance for the visa validity period;

d) criminal record certificate or other document with the same legal value;

Article 43

Long-Stay Visas for Commercial Activities

(1) This type of visa shall be granted on the basis of the approval of the Romanian Agency for Foreign Investment to aliens who are or will become shareholders or associates in trade companies with responsibilities in running and administering them.

(2) The approval of the Romanian Agency for Foreign Investment shall be granted to aliens complying with the following conditions:

a) a business plan to contain data regarding the nature, location and duration of the relevant activity and the estimated needs for labour force;

b) they possess the necessary funds to carry out the activity, in amount of minimum EUR 70.000, in case they are to become shareholders and of EUR 50.000, in case they are to become associates in a Romanian limited liability company

c) the investment to be made by the society should be materialized through capital and technology contribution in minimum amount of 50.000 EURO for limited liability companies, 70.000 EURO for trading company or the creation of a minimum number of 10 jobs

(3) The application for visa shall be accompanied by the following:

a) the approval of the Romanian Agency for Foreign Investment;

b) criminal record certificate or other document of the same legal value;

c) medical insurance for the period of visa validity.

(4) The application accompanied by the documents provided in paragraph 3 shall be submitted to the diplomatic missions or consular offices of Romania and shall be submitted through the Consular Relations Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Romanian Agency for Foreign Investment and the Authority for Aliens for approval according to their competence.

(5) The approval of the Romanian Agency for Foreign Investment is meant to establish the fulfilment of the technical and economic utility conditions of the activity to be carried out by the alien. 

Article 44

Long-Stay Visa for Employment

(1) Aliens may be employed in the fields and to the extent of the contributions set forth in Article 5(a) when the employment in vacant positions cannot be ensured out of local resources.

(2) The long stay visa for employment shall be granted to aliens on grounds of the approval of the Office for the Migration of the Labour Force and of the Authority for Aliens

(3) The approval of the  Office for the Migration of Labour Force shall be issued, upon  the request of the employer who has to make the proof that he carries out a legal activity in Romania, that he does not have debts and that he made a legal selection,  presenting the proofs attesting all these, as well as those related to the presentation of  documents attesting the professional qualifications, the experience of the alien in this profession, the fact that he is suitable from a medical point of view to carry out the respective activity, that he does not have criminal record and that he has minimum knowledge of  Romanian.

(4) The  visa request should be accompanied by the following documents: 

a) the written approval of  the Office for the Migration of Labour Force;

b) the proof of the means of support at the level of at least three average salaries per national economy;

c) criminal record certificate or other document of the same legal value issued by the authorities of the domicile or residence country;

d) the medical insurance for the validity period of the visa.

(5) The long stay visa for employment shall also be issued to the aliens who are cross-border workers in Romania. 

Article 45

Long-Stay Visa for Studies

(1) The long stay visa for studies may be granted to aliens, upon request, in the limit of places settled in accordance with Article 5(b), by the diplomatic missions or consular offices of Romania in the country where they have their residence or domicile.

(2) The application shall be accompanied by the following documents:

a) the letter of acceptance for studies from the Ministry of Education and Research;

b) the proof of payment of the tuition fee;

c) the proof of the means of support in amount of EUR 250 monthly for the entire period of the visa, except for the aliens who were granted scholarships by the Romanian state, aliens who had an ancestor who had or has Romanian citizenship and the cases when otherwise established based on mutual bilateral agreements

d) criminal record certificate or other document of the same legal value.

(3) The aliens scholars of the Romanian State are exempted from complying with the conditions provided in paragraph (2) (b), (c).

Article 46

Long-Stay Visa for Family Reunification

(1) Aliens  holding a temporary or permanent stay permit, as well as the aliens who were granted the refugee statute by the Romanian authorities ,  may  request to the Authority for Aliens the family reunification for:

a) spouse;

b) minor, not married  children, out of a marriage as well as those adopted by both spouses;

c) dependant, not married,  minor children of the bearer of the stay right, including those adopted;

d) dependant, not married,  minor children of the spouse of the bearer of the stay right, including those adopted;

(11) the adoption of the children referred to under paragraph 1 shall be decided through the decision of a Romanian authority with competence in this respect, under the law, or through a decision of an authority belonging to another state which has legal effect on the Romanian territory.

(12) In case the conditions stipulated by the law are fulfilled, the Authority for Aliens shall approve family reunification also for the following categories:

a) relatives of first degree kinship on ascendant scale of the holder of the stay right or of the spouse, in the case they are unable to look after themselves

b) adult unmarried children of the holder of the stay right or of the spouse, in case they are not able to look after themselves due to medical reasons.

(13) Aliens referred to under paragraph 1, holders of a stay right with the purpose of studies, may request family reunification for the spouse and underage children; provided that the marriage was concluded before the stay right was obtained

(2) The standard application shall be submitted to the territorial group of the Authority for Aliens in the area of which the applicant has his domicile or residence and it shall be accompanied by the following documents:

a) the marriage certificate or, if the case, the proof of kinship;

b) the applicant’s statement in original attesting that he will live together family members;

c) copy of the stay permit;

d) the proof of the dwelling space;

e) the proof of the means of support;

g) the applicant’s medical insurance.

(3) In the case there are doubts regarding kinship, the Authority for Aliens may request other proofs for establishing this.

(4) The application shall be approved if the following conditions are complied with:

a) there is no polygamy status;

b) the applicant has appropriate dwelling place in area of 12 sqm for each family member;

c) the applicant shall have means of support, besides the ones necessary, according to the law, for his/her own existence, amounting to the minimum net salary on national economy, for each family member.

(5) The application shall be usually settled within 3 months as of the submission date

(6) The approval of the application shall be communicated in writing to the applicant in view of its transmission to the family members interested and to the Consular Relations Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which shall not require a subsequent approval of the Authority for Aliens.

(7) In the case of rejection, the reasons for rejecting the application shall be communicated to the applicant in writing.

(8) The visa shall be issued by the diplomatic missions or consular offices of Romania in the country where the family members have their residence or domicile.

(9) The visa application shall be accompanied by the following documents:

a) the approval of the Authority for Aliens provided in paragraph 6;

b) the proof of medical insurance for visa validity period;

c) criminal record certificate or other document of the same legal value issued by the authorities from the domicile or residence country of the alien.

Article 47

Long-Stay Visa for Humanitarian or Religious Activities

Long stay visa for humanitarian or religious activities shall be granted to aliens, upon request, by the diplomatic missions and consular offices of Romania in the country where they have their residence or domicile, under the following conditions:

a) the existence, as the case may be, of the approval of the Ministry of Culture and Cults or the Interdepartmental Commission for the co-ordination and support of the humanitarian activities within the Ministry of Health and Family;

b) the proof of the quality of representative of a religious organisation legally founded in Romania or of a humanitarian organisation

c) the proof of the dwelling space and the means of support at the level of three average salaries per national economy;

d) the proof of the medical insurance and of the fact that they do not have diseases endangering public health;

e) criminal record certificate or other document of the same legal value issued by the authorities from the country of origin;

Article 48

Long-Stay Visa for Other Purposes

(1) The long stay visa for other purposes shall be granted, upon request, by the diplomatic missions and consular offices of Romania in the country where they have their residence or domicile, to the following categories of aliens:

a) those who are temporarily transferred by:

(i) a foreign company with headquarters on the territory of a member state of the World Organisation of Trade to a business representative office, sub-centre or branch of this, on the territory of Romania, or to a trade company, legal person whose associate/ shareholder is the mother company with the same activity object, if they prove they are not employed or employees of the Romanian legal person;

(ii) an employer with headquarters abroad to a legal person in Romania, on the basis of a commercial contract or a contract for providing services between the two parties;

b) those whose access on the Romanian labour market is regulated through bilateral agreements signed by Romanian State with other states;

b1)  those assigned as administrators of a company, if the following conditions are met:

(i) on basis of a mandate contract;

(ii) at the time of appointment, he/she is not a shareholder in the company or any other legal person in Romania and hasn’t been for the past two years;

(iii) there is no other alien shareholder in the company concerned, who obtained a stay right for this purpose

c) following long-term medical treatment within the public or private medical institutions if they submit a letter of acceptance specifying the diagnosis and the duration of treatment. Such visa may also be granted for a potential companion assisting the alien who is not able to take care of himself if mentioned explicitly in the letter of acceptance;

d) carrying out activities which do not breach the Romanian laws if they justify their presence on the Romanian territory.

(2) The aliens of the categories provided in paragraph 1 shall be granted visas if:

a) they present the proof of medical insurance for the period of visa validity;

b) they prove the existence of accommodation conditions;

c) they hold a criminal record certificate or other document of the same legal value issued by the authorities from the country of origin.

Article 49

Long Stay Visa for Aliens Married with Romanian Citizens

The long stay visa may be granted:

a) to aliens married to Romanian citizens, under the condition that it is not a marriage of convenience, established under the conditions provided for in Article 64, and, if the marriage was concluded on the Romanian territory, the applicant should have had a stay right at that moment;

b) to aliens who are prove not to be married, but living together with Romanian citizens, under the condition that they have at least one child together;

c) to minor unmarried children, including the adopted ones;

d) first degree relatives, in ascendant line.

CHAPTER IV

The Renewal of the Temporary Stay Right. The Permanent Stay Right

SECTION 1

The Renewal of the Temporary Stay Right

Article 50

Conditions for Renewing the Temporary Stay Right in Romania

(1) The Authority for Aliens or its territorial units may renew the temporary stay right to the aliens who entered Romania on the basis of a long stay visa, as well as to aliens who are excepted from the obligation of obtaining a long stay visa, under the conditions provided for in this section.

(2) The temporary stay right in Romania may be renewed successively for intervals up to one year, only if:

a) the conditions regarding the entry on the Romanian territory, provided in Article 6(1)(a), (c), (e), (f) are still complied with;

b) during the stay on the Romanian territory, none of the reasons for interdicting the entry on the Romanian territory, provided for in Article 8(1)(b)-(d) and 8(2) has been registered;

c) the alien holds a valid travel document, except the cases where the document has expired after entering Romania and, for reasons irrespective of the will of the alien, the document could not be renewed;

d) the alien requests the right to stay on the Romanian territory to be granted or renewed  for the same purposes for which the visa, the right to stay or the renewal of the right to stay  were granted;

e) the alien previously complied with the purpose for which the stay on the Romanian territory was granted;

f) he proves that he legally possesses the accommodation place

f1) he proves to have a health insurance for the whole period, for which he applies for an extension of the temporary stay right

g) he/she prooves he/she has social health inssurance

(21) Aliens are compelled to take the necessary action for the prolongation of the validity or the renewal of the documents provided for under paragraph 2, point c), f) and g) upon their expiry

(3) The renewal of the stay right may be granted for periods longer than one year, under the conditions of this law or based on reciprocity.

Article 51

Requests for Renewing the Temporary Stay Right

(1) The applicants shall be bound to submit the applications for the granting of the right to stay at least 30 days before the expiry of the term the right to stay, to the territorial units of the Authority for Aliens at the residence place.

(2) The application shall be accompanied by the valid state border crossing document, in original and copy, by the medical certificate  issued by a  public or private medical institution evidencing that the alien does not suffer from any disease which can endanger public safety, by the supporting document for the dwelling place, by the medical insurance and the means of support, as well as the other documents provided for in this chapter, function of the purpose the stay approval was requested for.

(3) The proof of the means of support may be done by statements of salary, pension coupon, statement on the global income tax, statement of account or other equivalent documents.

(4) The application shall be solved within 30 days as from the sate of submission. In the case when there is a need for supplementary checks related to the observance of the conditions for the renewal of the stay right, the term for solving the application may be prolonged with 15 days the most

(41) If the prolongation of the stay right is requested  on basis of marriage and supplementary verifications are necessary in accordance with Article 64, the term for solving the application may be prolonged to the maximum of 90 days, case into which the stay right is prolonged de iure until the application is solved;

(5) If necessary, the applicant may be called for the interview. Failure to present himself in due time for reasons imputable to the alien represents a reason to reject the application.

Article 52

The Refusal of Renewing the Right for Temporary Stay in Romania

(1) If, at the moment of submitting the application, the general conditions and the special conditions are not cumulatively complied with, depending on the purpose of stay, provided in this chapter, the alien is rejected the renewal of the temporary stay right.

(2) The refusal decision for the renewal of the right to stay, as well as the reasons at the basis of this decision shall be notified to the applicant, through the order of leaving the Romanian territory, provided for in Article 80

1. Renewal of the Temporary Stay Right for Carrying out Economic, Professional and Commercial Activities

Article 53

Renewal of the Temporary Stay Right for Aliens Carrying out Economic Activities

(1) The aliens who entered Romania with a view to carrying out independent economic activities or within family associations shall be renewed the temporary stay right for this purpose if:

a) they present the authorisation for the respective activity in original and copy, issued according to the law;

b) they present the proof of legal holding of the space the activity is carried out;

c) they prove the means of support in amount of at least EUR 250  per month;

d) the activity carried out corresponds to the conditions for which the initial right to stay was granted;

e) the object of activity is the initial one or a continuation or result of the initial one;

(2) The request for renewing the temporary stay right must be accompanied by the following documents:

a) the authorisation for the respective activity in original and copy, issued according to the law;

b) the proof of legal holding of the space the activity is carried out;

c) documents attesting the personal income in amount of at least EUR 250 per month obtained from the activity carried out.

Article 54

Renewal of the Temporary Stay Right for Aliens Carrying out Professional Activities

The aliens who entered Romania with a view to carrying out independent professional activities shall be renewed the temporary stay right if they comply with the following conditions:

a) they present proofs for effectively carrying out the professional activity under the conditions provided for by the special law;

b) they present documents attesting personal income in amount of at least EUR 250 per month;

Article 55

Renewal of the Temporary Stay Right for Aliens Carrying out Commercial Activities

(1) The aliens who entered Romania with a view to carrying out commercial activities shall be renewed the temporary stay right if they comply with the following conditions:

a) they submit documents attesting the investment in accordance with the business plan;

b) they prove the legal holding of the space for the headquarters, the working units of the company and the fact that other companies are not registered in the space declared as headquarters;

c) they prove that they are shareholders or associates of the trade companies  appointed to run and administer it;

d) he proves the means of support in amount of at least EUR 700 monthly, in case he is a shareholder and of at least EUR 500, in case he is an associate, and the necessary funds to cover the expenses related to the activity of the trade company, in accordance with the object of activity and the business;

(2) Further renewals of the temporary stay right may be granted if the alien complies with the following conditions:

a) the performed activity should correspond to the conditions for which the initial right to stay was granted.

b) the object of the performed activity should be the initial one or its continuation or result;

c) Repealed

d) the requests for further renewals for the temporary stay right must be accompanied by the following documents:

(i) ascertaining certificate attesting the applicant’s status, the name and the headquarters of the company, specifications made at the courts’ decision, the functioning term of the company. The ascertaining certificate shall contain specifications if other trade companies are registered at the headquarters’ address, as well as the legal relation between the applicant and these companies;

(ii) specification provided by law if any changes occurred in the legal status of the trade companies;

(iii) they prove the legal holding of the space for the headquarters and working units of the company;

(iv) the documents to attest that the investment is materialized through capital contribution or transfer of technology in amount of at least 70.000 Euro or through the creation of at least 15 job positions, in the case of shareholder and 50.000 Euro or the creation of at least 10 job positions in the case of the associate, under the condition that, in the case of the job position persons should be hired full time, under the law;

(v) documents attesting personal income in amount of at least EUR 700 monthly, in the case of the shareholder, and of EUR 500 monthly in the case of the associate, obtained from the activity performed on Romanian territory.

(3) In case of investments exceeding EUR 100.000 or if 25 job positions were created, the proof of means of support may be made also with other legal documents. In the case of investments exceeding EUR 200.000 or if over 50 job positions were created, the proof of means of support shall no longer be necessary.

(4) For the purpose of accomplishing the financial conditions provided for in this Article, The Ministry of Public Finance shall issue, upon the request of the alien applicants, certificates containing comments regarding: business figure, total investments, profit and loss account, computed dividends and paid to the associates or reinvested according to the data in the financial statements.

2. Renewal of the Temporary Stay Right for Employed Aliens

Article 56

Renewal of the Temporary Stay Right

(1) The temporary stay right of aliens who entered Romania for employment, shall be renewed if:

a) they present the valid work permit issued by the Office for Migration of Labour Force;

b) they present the individual employment contract stamped by the territorial labour inspectorate in the region the employer has his headquarters;

c) the wage stated in the individual employment contract is at least as high as the minimum wage per national economy.

(2) The temporary stay right shall be renewed for a period with maximum 30 days longer than the period for which the work permit was issued.

(3) The Office for Migration of Labour Force shall notify the Authority for Aliens within 5 calendar days on the cases of aliens whose work permit was revoked or a new work permit was issued to them.

(4) The stay right may be renewed without complying with the condition stated under paragraph (1), point a) for the aliens who may be employed in Romania by natural or legal persons, without a working permit, under the provisions of the law.

Article 57

Renewal of the Stay Right for Aliens whose Access on the Romanian Labour Market is Regulated by Bilateral Agreements between Romania and Other States

(1) The conditions for the entry and stay of aliens, whose access to the Romanian labour market is regulated by bilateral agreements signed with other states, shall be provided in these agreements;

(2) Within 5 days from the entry on the Romanian territory of aliens provided in paragraph 1, the employer shall be bound to inform in writing the Authority for Aliens with territorial competence on the nominal situation of these persons.

3. Renewing the Temporary Stay Right to Aliens Arrived for Studies

Article 58

Renewal of the Temporary Stay Right for Study

(1) The alien who entered Romania for studies may request the renewal of the temporary right to stay for the same purpose under the following conditions: 

a) is registered with a public education unit or institution or acknowledged private institution, full time courses.

b) proves to have paid the tuition taxes for the period for which he/she requests the renewal of the stay right.

c) he proves the means of support in amount of at least the net minimum monthly salary for the period of the validity of the stay permit.

(11) The temporary stay right for studies may be renewed without complying with the condition stated under paragraph (1), point c) for the alien having an ancestor who had or has Romanian citizenship.

(2) The temporary stay right can be renewed for up to 60 days after the graduation with a view to concluding the school or university situation and having the study documents authorised.

(3) If the alien did not graduate one year of studies for reasons imputable to him, the Authority for Aliens may not renew the alien’s stay permit.

(4) In the cases under paragraph 1 and 2, , the temporary stay right shall be renewed for aliens who entered Romania on the basis of a long-stay visa for the purpose of professional training, documentation sessions or research activities, performed in an education  unit or institution.

Article 59

Change of Study Profile

The alien who was granted, or, if the case, renewed the stay permit for studies in Romania may change the profile of study or professional specialisation in accordance with the legislation  in force provided that the total duration of stay provided for the initial studies should not be exceeded.

Article 60

Professional Activity of the Aliens Admitted for Studies

(1) The aliens who were granted the temporary stay right for studies may work in order to complete their means of support only part-time.

(2) The lucrative activity performed does not represent a reason for issuing a stay permit for work.

Article 61

Scholars of the Romanian State

(1) The aliens who entered Romania for studies as scholars of the Romanian State shall be renewed their temporary stay right under the conditions provided in Article 58 and Article 59, without being necessary to submit the proof of the means of support and the tuition fees.

(2) The granting and renewal of the stay permit for this category of aliens shall be made by exemption from the payment of the consular fees.

4. Renewal of the Temporary Stay Right for Family Reunification

Article 62

Renewal of the Temporary Stay Right for Family Reunification

(1) The aliens who entered the Romanian territory for the purposes provided for in Article 46 and 49, may be renewed the temporary stay right for family reunification.

(2) The temporary stay right shall be renewed individually to each member of the family.

(3) The temporary stay right of family members shall be renewed for the same period for which the temporary stay right was granted to the alien who is in Romania.

(4) Family members of the alien with domicile in Romania or of Romanian citizens shall be issued stay permits valid for 1 year.

Article 63

Subsequent Renewal of the Temporary Stay Right for Family Reunification

(1) The stay right for family reunification may be subsequently renewed if the applicant:

a) presents translated and legalized documents which prove the existence of the marriage or of the kinship;

b) presents the written statement of the family member who requested the reunification evidencing that they will live together;

c) proves the appropriate dwelling space;

d) proves that the alien family member who requested the reunification holds means of support exceeding the amount provided for upon the issue of the stay permit, at the level of at least the minimum salary per national economy, for each family member.

(2) The right to stay granted on the basis of the marriage with a Romanian citizen shall be renewed as follows:

a) for aliens married to Romanian nationals, on condition that:

i) they present the marriage certificate in original and copy and the certificate has legal effects on the Romanian territory;

ii) they prove that they hold means of support at the level of at least the minimum salary per national economy.

b) for aliens who are partners of Romanian nationals, on condition that:

i) they present birth certificates of the resulted Romanian national children, in original and copy;

ii) presents the written statement of the Romanian national, authenticated by a public notary, evidencing that they live together;

iii) they prove that they hold means of support at the level of at least the minimum salary per national economy.

c) for minor children, not married, including those adopted, on condition that:

i) are presented translated and legalized documents which prove the existence of the marriage or of the kinship;

ii) they prove that they hold means of support at the level of at least the minimum salary per national economy.

d) for first degree relatives, in ascendant line, on condition that:

i) are presented translated and legalized documents which prove the existence of the marriage or of the kinship;

ii) they prove that they hold means of support at the level of at least the minimum salary per national economy.

Article 64

Marriage of Convenience

(1) When the temporary stay right is requested on the basis of marriage, its renewal shall be refused in case of marriages of convenience.

(2) The presumptive elements of a marriage of convenience may be the following:

a) there is no matrimonial cohabitation;

b) the spouses never met before the marriage;

c) the lack of an effective contribution to the fulfilment of the obligations arising from marriage;

d) the spouses do not speak a language understood by both of them;

e) one of the spouses has already concluded other marriages of convenience.

f) the spouses are inconsistent in declaring their personal data and the circumstances in which they met. 

g) the conclusion of marriage was conditioned by the payment of a sum of money between the spouses, except for the amounts received as dowry.

(3) The elements provided in paragraph 2 may result from:

a) statements of the relevant persons or third parties;

b) documents;

c) data obtained upon the interview or some additional check-ups.

Article 65

Temporary Stay Right Independently Granted to Family Members

(1) The aliens holding the stay right for family reunification may be renewed the temporary stay right independently if:

a) they become adults;

b) the person who requested the family reunification died;

c) the cancellation of marriage has been ruled.

(2) For the renewal of the stay right, the applicants shall additionally submit, as the case may be, the birth certificate, the death certificate or the court decision for the cancellation of marriage.

(3) The right to stay provided for in paragraph 1 shall be renewed for a period of maximum 6 months.

(4) Any subsequent renewal of the right to stay shall be granted only for the purposes and under the conditions provided by this emergency ordinance.

Article 66

Carrying out Economic Activities and Employment

(1) The aliens holding a right to stay for family reunification may be employed or may carry out economic activities under the law.

(2) The work permit or, as the case may be, the authorisation for carrying out the activity shall be issued under the law based on the stay right.

5. Temporary Right to stay for Humanitarian or Religious Activities.

Other Cases of Renewing the Stay Right

Article 67

The Renewal of the Temporary Stay Right for Humanitarian or Religious Activities

(1) The aliens who entered Romania based on a long-stay visa to carry out humanitarian or religious activities may request the renewal of the temporary stay right if:

a) they submit the approval of the Interdepartmental Commission for the co-ordination and support of the humanitarian activities within the Ministry of Health and Family in case of aliens requesting the granting or renewal of the right to stay for humanitarian activities;

b) they submit the approval of the Ministry of Culture and Cults in case of aliens requesting the granting or renewal of the right to stay for religious activities.

(2) Aliens who request the renewal of the stay right for humanitarian activities do not have to prove the means of support.

(3) Aliens who request the renewal of the stay right for religious activities have to prove the means of support, in amount of at least the average monthly wage per national economy.

Article 68

Other Cases of Renewing the Temporary Stay Right

(1) The aliens who entered Romania on the basis of a long-stay visa for other purposes may request the renewal of the temporary stay right as follows:

a) aliens temporarily transferred - by presenting a work permit issued in accordance with the law. The stay right for this purpose may be prolonged one time only for up to one year. For further prolongations, the provisions applicable are the ones regarding the stay right for employed aliens;

b) for long-term medical treatment – by submitting the letter of acceptance of a public or private medical institution specifying the diagnosis and the duration of treatment. This stay permit may also be granted to a potential companion assisting the alien who is not able to take care of himself alone if this is explicitly mentioned in the letter of acceptance;

b1)  the aliens assigned as administrators of a company, if the following conditions are met:

i. on basis of a mandate contract;

ii. at the time of appointment, he/she is not a shareholder in the company or any other legal person in Romania and hasn’t been for the past two years;

iii. there is no other alien shareholder in the company concerned, who obtained a stay right for this purpose.

c) for other activities which do not breach the Romanian laws - with the approval of the competent authorities when necessary, if they submit documents to prove the need of staying in Romania.

d) stateless persons of Romanian origin, who are repatriated on the basis of international agreements to which Romania is a party – without complying with the general conditions for granting the temporary  stay right

(2) The aliens whose stay is for the benefit of the Romanian State may renewed the temporary right to stay at the express request  the Parliament, Presidential Administration, Government, specialised public central administrative authorities.

(3) When they apply for the prolongation of their stay right, the aliens provided in (1) (a) (b) and (c) must prove means of support at the level of at least the minimum salary per national economy, and those provided in (1) (b1) must prove means of support at the level of at least 500 euro per month, generated from the activity they had within the mandate contract. 

(4) The aliens provided in (1) (d) are exempted from the obligation to prove means of support.

SECTION 2

Permanent Stay Right. Establishment of Domicile in Romania

Article 69

Permanent Stay Right

(1) The permanent stay right is granted, upon request, within the conditions of the present emergency ordinance, for an undetermined period of time, to the alien who has a temporary stay right or to the refugee recognized by the Romanian authorities, to whom the permission was granted to establish his/her domicile in Romania

(2) The right for permanent stay ceases in the following situations:

a) upon the request of the holder;

b) upon obtaining a permanent stay right on the territory of another state;

c) in case of absence from the territory of the Romanian state for a period longer than 12 consecutive months, except for the situation when, during this period, the holder benefited from a temporary stay right in a Member State of the European Union;

d) in case of absence from the territory of the Romanian state for a period longer than 6 consecutive years, even if during this period, the holder benefited from a temporary stay right in a Member State of the European Union;

e) in case he/she was declared undesirable;

(3) In the cases provided for under paragraph 2, points c and d, the alien may submit a new request for the establishment of the domicile in Romania after a legal continuous stay of 12 months.

(4) The permanent stay right may be annulled or revoked under the conditions of this emergency ordinance.

Article 70

Establishment of Domicile in Romania

(1) Aliens may establish their domicile in Romania if they simultaneously comply with the following conditions:

a) A temporary stay, continuous and legal in the last 5 years previous to the submittance of the request, as follows:

i) the stay shall be considered continuous when the period of absence from the Romanian territory is less than 6 consecutive months and does not exceed a total of 10 months for the entire period;

ii) the stay shall be considered legal when the gaps between the periods for which the stay right was granted successively are shorter than 30 consecutive days and do not exceed a total of 90 days for the entire period, even if they were sanctioned for minor offences;

b) Prove to hold the means of support in the amount provided for by the law, in accordance with the purpose for which the stay right was renewed until the submittance of the request;

c) Prove to have health insurance, under the conditions of the law;

d) Prove to legally hold an appropriate dwelling space for them and the family members they live with;

e) Speak the Romanian language at a satisfactory level;

f) Do not represent a danger for public order and national security.

(2) The aliens holding a temporary stay right for studies cannot request the establishment of the domicile in Romania.

(3) repealed

(4) The aliens of Romanian nationality or born in Romania, as well as those whose stay is in the interest of the Romanian state may be approved the establishment of domicile without meeting the conditions provided for under paragraph 1.

(41) The aliens who were granted asylum by the Romanian authorities may be granted permission to establish their domicile in Romania, without fulfilling the conditions set by (1)(b).

(42) The aliens who prove that they have invested more than one million euro or have created more than 100 jobs may be granted permission to establish their domicile in Romania, without fulfilling the conditions set by (1)(a). The proof of the investment or of the creation of jobs shall be calculated in accordance with the degree of participation to the gains and loses in the company.

(5) The minor alien may obtain the establishment of domicile in Romania at the same time with his/her parents. In case only one of the parents holds a permanent stay right, the consent of the other parent, in authentic form, is necessary.

Article 71

Conditions for the Establishment of Domicile in Romania

(1) In order to establish their domicile in Romania the aliens must personally submit an application to the territorial office of the Authority for Aliens or, by case, National Refugee Office, accompanied by the following documents:

a) aliens with the temporary stay right:

i) the border crossing document, in original and legalised copy

ii) legalised copy of the civil status documents

iii) documents to prove that they legally hold a dwelling space, in original and legalised copy

iv) proof of means of support.

v) certificate of criminal record issued by the Romanian authorities

vi) proof of social health insurance

b) aliens with the refugee statute:

i) the border crossing document, in original and legalised copy

ii) legalised copy of the civil status documents

iii) documents to prove that they legally hold a dwelling space, in original and legalised copy

iv) certificate of criminal record issued by the Romanian authorities

v) certificate of criminal record issued by the Romanian authorities

(2) In case the applicants who are refugees do not have the documents provided in (1) (b)(i) and (ii), the application shall be analysed on basis of the declared identity.

Article 72

Approval of the Requests for the Establishment of Domicile in Romania 

(1) The establishment of domicile in Romania shall be approved by the head of the Authority for Aliens.

(2) With a view to solving the approval requests for the establishment of domicile in Romania, by order of the head of the Authority for Aliens, a commission shall be established which should draw up motivated proposals for each case.

(3) The term for solving a request for establishing the domicile shall be of maximum 6 months as of the date of registration. For objective reasons, the head of the Authority for Aliens may renew this term for another 3 months, at the same time notifying the applicant.

(4) The approval or rejection shall be communicated in writing to the applicant within 10 working days as of the solution.

(5) The alien whose establishment in Romania has been approved shall be bound to present himself within 30 days as of its notification to the territorial group of the Authority for Aliens where the request was registered, in order to be issued the permanent stay permit.

(6) In case of not presenting himself/herself at the unit within 12 months as from the notification, the alien loses the right of being issued the permanent stay right. The alien may submit a new application for the approval of the establishment of domicile in Romania.

Article 73

Rejecting the Request for Establishing Domicile in Romania

(1) If the commission provided in Article 72 concludes that the conditions provided for in Article 71 and 72 are not complied with, it shall propose to the head of the Authority for Aliens to decide the rejection of the request.

(2) The Authority for Aliens shall notify in writing the applicant on the decision of rejecting the request for establishing the domicile in Romania, as well as the reasons at the basis of this decision.

(3) The alien whose request for establishing the domicile in Romania was rejected, can appeal the rejection through administrative contentious, within 30 days as from the notification date.

(4) The rejection of the request for the establishment of domicile in Romania has no judicial effects on the temporary stay right of the alien.

Article 74

Equal treatment

The alien, holder of a permanent stay right, benefits from an equal treatment with the Romanian citizens, under the conditions of the law, in what regards:

a) The access to the labour market, provided that the activity carried out would not imply, not even occasionally, that the public authority would use its prerogatives;

b) The access to all forms of education;

c) Equivalence of the studies and acknowledgement of the diplomas, certificates and other qualifications, in accordance with national provisions;

d) Social security, social and health care and social protection;

e) Discounts on the global income tax and tax exemption;

f) Access to public goods and services, including obtaining dwelling places;

g) Freedom to associate, affiliate and belong to trade unions or professional organisations.”

SECTION 3

Revocation of the Stay Right in Romania

Article 75

Cases of Annulling and Revoking the Right to stay in Romania

(1) The Authority for Aliens shall annul by motivated decision, the right of temporary or permanent stay in Romania, under the following circumstances:

a) subsequent to the renewal of the temporary right to stay or at the date of approval of the establishment of domicile in Romania, it is discovered that the alien did not comply with the conditions provided by this emergency ordinance in this respect;

b) it is subsequently discovered that certain documents, on the basis of which the right of temporary or permanent stay was granted, are false or forgered;

c) it is subsequently discovered that the alien has been removed from the Romanian territory and has re-entered the territory under another identity, during the interdiction period;

(2) The Authority for Aliens may revoke by motivated decision the temporary stay right in Romania, in the following circumstances:

a) subsequent to specific checks made by competent units of the Authority for Aliens, or to information given by competent authorities according to the law, it is discovered that the  alien no longer complies with the conditions for renewing  the right to stay, or he does no longer comply to the purpose  this right was granted for;

b) it is discovered that the alien breached the customs regulations or those regarding employment of aliens;

c) it is discovered that the alien suffers from an illness which is a danger for the public health and he does not comply with the measures of medical treatment set up by the medical authorities.

Article 76

Notifying the Alien on the Decision of Annulling or Revoking the Stay Right in Romania

The notification regarding the decision of annulling or revoking the stay right of the alien on the Romanian territory shall be made by the Authority for Aliens thought he order of leaving the territory, provided for in Article 80.

SECTION 4

Integrating the Aliens in the Economic, Cultural and Social Life

Article 77

Assistance for the Integration of Aliens

(1) The Romanian State shall provide the conditions for integrating aliens holding a right to stay in Romania in the economic, social, cultural life of the state.

(2) In order to integrate the aliens the following activities may be organised and carried out:

a) courses of Romanian language;

b) courses and other forms of professional improvement and training;

c) ensuring information in respect of the obligations of the aliens and the opportunities of integration in the Romanian society;

d) activities for acquiring knowledge of history, culture, civilisation and the legal system of Romania;

e) meetings occasioned by various events to which Romanian citizens should also participate for a mutual promotion, knowledge and understanding.

Article 78

Involved Institutions and Organisations

(1) The public institutions shall co-operate according to their competencies with non-governmental organisations and international organisations in order to promote and carry out programs for the integration of aliens in the society.

(2) In all the activities which they perform the public institutions, non-governmental organisations shall provide the aliens with protection against any form of discrimination.

CHAPTER V

Regime of Aliens’ Removal from the Romanian Territory

SECTION 1

General Conditions Regarding the Removal of Aliens from the Romanian Territory

Article 79

Removal of Aliens from the Romanian Territory

The Authority for Aliens may take the measure of removal from the Romanian territory against the aliens whose stay in Romania has become illegal or whose right to stay was revoked or annulled, and, as the case may be, they can decide the interdiction of re-entering Romania for an established period of time

Article 80

Order of Leaving the Romanian Territory

(1) The order of leaving the Romanian territory represents the decision of the Authority for Aliens or of its territorial units which compel an alien to leave the Romanian territory within the established term as follows:

a) the alien whose visa was annulled or revoked, as well as the one whose stay has become illegal, within maximum 10 days;

b) to the alien who was refused the renewal of the stay permit or it was annulled or revoked, within 30 days. In the case of the aliens who must liquidate an investment the term is of 3 months.

(2) The terms provided in paragraph 1shall be considered from the date the alien was notified under the conditions of the present emergency ordinance, on the order of leaving the Romanian territory.

Article 81

Notifying the Alien on the Order of Leaving the Territory

(1) The Authority of Aliens or its territorial branches shall notify the alien on the order of leaving the Romanian territory.

(2) The order of leaving the territory shall be concluded in counterparts, one in |Romanian and one in an internationally acknowledged language.

(3) If the alien is present, a copy of the order of leaving the territory shall be handed to him, the latter signing for having received it on the copy that remains with the Authority for Aliens or its territorial branch.

(4) If the alien is not present, the notification shall be made as follows:

a. by mail, with receiving confirmation, to the address the alien declared as dwelling place;

b. by posting it at the headquarters of the Authority for Aliens and its territorial units, in case the alien:

i. Refuses to sign the order of leave;

ii. No longer lives at the declared address;

iii. Has not declared the address where he/she lives;

Article 82

Contesting the Order of Leaving the Territory

(1) The order of leaving the territory may be contested within 10 working days since the notification date, to the Court or Appeal in Bucharest in the case the order was given by the Authority for Aliens, or to the Court of Appeal in whose area of territorial competence the territorial unit issuing the order for leaving the territory is. The court shall solve the application within 30 days as from its submittance. The decision of the court shall be final and irrevocable.

(2) Exercising the means of attack provided in paragraph 1 shall suspend the execution of the order of leaving the territory.

SECTION 2

Undesirable Aliens

Article 83

Declaration of Undesirability

(1) The declaration of undesirability is an administrative measure of authority, ordered against an alien who performed, performs or there are strong evidence that he intends to perform such activities as to endanger the national security and public order.

(2) This measure provided in paragraph 1 shall be decided by order of the prosecutor designated from the Prosecution Department affiliated to the Tribunal of Bucharest, at the proposal of the Authority for Aliens or other institutions competent in the domain of public order and national security which have data or strong evidence supporting the provisions in paragraph 1.

(3) The prosecutor shall give his motivated ordinance within 5 days from his receiving the proposal made under paragraph 2 and, in the case this is accepted, he immediately sends the Authority for Aliens the order of declaring the alien as undesirable, for this to be put into practice. In the case the decision of declaring the person undesirable is based on national security reasons, the ordinance shall not contain the reasons at the basis of this decision.

(4) The alien’s stay right shall end de iure as from the date the ordinance of declaring the person undesirable is issued.

(41) The execution of the ordinance of declaring a person undesirable shall be realised by escorting the alien to the state border or to the country of origin, by the specialized staff of the Authority for Aliens

(5) The period for which an alien can be declared undesirable is from 5 to 15 years with the possibility of extending the term for a new period in between such limits in case the reasons which caused such measures did not disappear.

(6)The extension of the term shall be made only under the conditions provided in paragraph 2.

(7) The Authority for Aliens shall inform the Consular Relations Directorate on the persons declared undesirable.

Article 84

Notifying the Alien Regarding the Measure of Declaring the Alien Undesirable

(1) The Authority for Aliens shall notify the alien on the ordinance for declaring the alien undesirable, under the conditions provided for in Article 81.

(2) Informing on the data and information representing reasons at the basis of the order of declaring the alien as undesirable for reasons of national security, may be done only under the conditions established also for the destination persons explicitly provided in the legal acts regulating the regime of activities referring to national security and the protection of classified information. The alien who is declared undesirable cannot be, directly or indirectly, under any circumstances, informed on such data.

Article 85

Contesting the Ordinance of Declaring the Alien Undesirable

(1) The decision of declaring the alien undesirable may be attacked by the respective alien within 5 days as from the notification date, to the Bucharest Court of Appeal. The court of justice shall deliver a sentence within 3 days as from receiving the request. The decision of the court shall be final an irrevocable.

(2) Exercising the means of attack provided in paragraph 1 shall not have suspension effect in materialising the decision of declaring the alien undesirable. In strongly motivated cases and in order to prevent imminent damage, the plaintiff may ask the court to take the decision of suspending the materialisation of the decision of declaring the alien undesirable, up to the moment the action is solved. The court shall urgently solve the suspension request, the decision in this case being de iure executorial.

SECTION 3

Return of Aliens

Article 86

Conditions of Applying the Return Measure

(1) The return is an administrative measure ordered by the Authority for Aliens in view of removing an alien from the Romanian territory.

(2) The measure of return may be applied to aliens who:

a) have illegally crossed the Romanian border;

a1) did not leave the Romanian territory upon expiry of their stay right granted by the visa or on basis of international agreements or normative acts which unilaterally eliminates the visa regime, and more than 60 days have passed since expiry of the stay right.

b) upon the expiry of the validity of the stay permit, they have not requested the renewal of the stay right, and the period since it has ceased has exceeded 90 days;

c) did not leave Romania within the term provided in the order of leaving the Romanian territory;

d) are former applicants of the refugee status whose applications were definitively and irrevocably rejected and who did not leave the Romanian territory under the conditions provided by law, except those provided in Article 99 (1) (d);

e) have been convicted for intentionally committing felonies, and the imprisonment time provided for the respective felony is of more than 3 years.

(3) Aliens who do not hold state border crossing documents shall be presented to the diplomatic missions or consular offices accredited in Romania, of the states whose citizens they are, for the issuance of documents.

(31) The applicable procedures in case of non-cooperation of diplomatic missions regarding issuing of travel documents for the removal of aliens from the Romanian territory shall be established by means of a common order of the minister of foreign office and the minister of the administration and the interior.

(4) In the case of aliens from states which do not have diplomatic missions or consular offices in Romania, the state border crossing documents from the country of origin shall be requested through the Consular Relations Directorate within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

(5) In the case the state border crossing document cannot be obtained under the conditions provided in paragraph 4, the Authority for Aliens may issue a travel title, according to the law.

Article 861

Contesting the return measure

(1) The decision of return may be contested by the alien against whom it was taken within 3 days, since the notification date, to the Court or Appeal with territorial competence. The court shall solve the application within 3 days as from its submittance. The decision of the court shall be final and irrevocable.

(2) Until the Court states the decision, the alien is taken into public custody, under the conditions of this emergency ordinance.

(3) Exercising the means of attack provided in paragraph 1 has suspensive effect only in what concerns the execution of the return measure.

Article 87

Execution of Return

(1) This measure shall be executed by escorting the alien to the border or to the country of origin by the specialised personnel of the Authority for Aliens.

(2) If the alien holds a valid state border crossing document, financial means and other formalities are no longer necessary, the measure shall be enforced within 24 hours, except for the case the alien expresses his/her intention to contest the measure of return.

(3) When the measure of return cannot be enforced within 24 hours, the alien shall be taken into public custody

Article 88

Return based on the Readmission Agreements

(1) The aliens provided in Article 86(2) may be also returned on the basis of the readmission agreements concluded by Romania with other states under the special conditions provided by such agreements.

(2) Upon the request of one of the signing states, the alien who is subject to a readmission procedure may be allowed to transit the Romanian territory to a third state on the condition of an escort and submission of the guarantees that he could continue the trip and enter the destination state.

Article 881

Measures of support for the transit in the case of return by air between the Member States of the European Union”

(1) The return by air shall be usually made by direct flight to the country of destination.

(2) In the case is not possible under the conditions stipulated under paragraph 1, the Authority for Aliens may ask other states the flight transit.

(3) The General Inspectorate for border Police may approve transit request addressed by the competent authorities in the Member States of the European Union, in the case of aliens coming from third states.

(4) The transit request stipulated under paragraph 3 ma be refused if:

a) the alien is sues or pursued in a penal case or is to serve a prison sentence as a result of having committed a major offence on the Romanian territory.

b) The transit to other states or the admission in the country of destination is not approved

c) The measure of return requires the transport on another airport on the Romanian territory.

d) The alien represents a threat for national security, public order and health or international relation of the Romanian State.

e) The requested assistance is impossible at the respective moment out of objective reasons; in this case, the General Inspectorate of Border Police shall, as soon as possible, inform the requesting authorities on a date which should, as much as possible, be close to the initial requested date and when the transit assistance can be granted.

(5) In the case when, subsequent to the transit approval, the situations presented under paragraph 4 appear, the already issued authorizations may be revoked, notifying the requesting authorities on the reasons which led to the revocation.

(6) The transit request must be sent in written form with at least two days before the transit. This term can be reduced in emergency and founded cases.

(7) The requesting Member State shall be notified on the decision within two days. The term can be prolonged in founded cases, with maximum 48 hours.

(8) The General Inspectorate of Border Police shall establish contact points in all important transit areas.

(9) The transit procedure shall not exceed 24 hours. In the case, out of objective reasons, supplementary assistance measures are necessary for the continuation of the transit procedure; this term shall be prolonged with maximum 48 hours.

(10) Within the limit of the available resources and in accordance with the relevant international standards, the General Inspectorate of Border Police shall ensure the necessary assistance measures from the moment of landing up to the moment taking off for the country of destination of the citizen of the third state as regards:

a) Meeting the citizen of the third state at the plane and escorting the latter within the transit airport especially on the way to the next connection flight.

b) Ensuring the emergency medical treatment to the citizen of the third state and, if the case, escorting the latter

c) Ensuring the food for the citizen of the third state and, if the case, escorting the latter.

d) Receiving, keeping and handing over the travel documents especially in the case of an un-escorted return procedure.

e) In the case of un-escorted transit, informing the requesting Member State on the place and hour of the departure of the citizen of the third state from the territory of the Romanian state.

f) Informing the requesting Member State on any serious incidents which could have appeared during the transit.

g) During the waiting period in the transit airport, the Head of the Border checking point can decide on accommodating the alien in places destined for this purpose and on the use of legal means for preventing and eliminating any type of attempt of opposing to the measure of transit.

(11) The costs of the services stipulated under paragraph 10 shall be borne by the requesting Member State.

12) In the case the transit by air could not be carried out, the Authority for Aliens shall take the measures necessary for the acceptance of the alien on the Romanian territory.

Article 882

The organization of joint flights with Member States for removals from the territory of third-country nationals

(1) The Authority for Aliens is responsible for organising and/or participating in joint flights with the competent authorities from other Member States for the removal of third country aliens, against who a removal decision has been taken.

(2) When the Authority for Aliens decides to organise a joint flight for the removal of third-country nationals which is open to the participation of the other Member States, it shall inform the national authorities of those Member States.

(3) The Authority for Aliens shall adopt the necessary measures to ensure that the joint flight is conducted properly, by selecting the air carrier, according to the legal provisions, obtaining, from the third-countries of transit and destination, the authorisations which are required for the implementation of the joint flight, by determining, in agreement with the participating Member States, the number of the escorts which is appropriate and by conclude all the appropriate financial arrangements with the participating Member States, as well as any other necessary measures.

(4) In case the Authority for Aliens decides to take part in joint flight, it shall inform the national authority of the organising Member State of its intention to participate in the joint flight, specifying the number of third-country nationals to be removed and provides a sufficient number of escorts for each third country national to be removed. If the escorts are to be provided solely by the organising Member State, the Authority for Aliens shall ensure the presence of at least two representatives on board, who shall be in charge of handing over the third-country nationals for whom they are responsible to the authorities of the country of destination.

(5) The Authority for Aliens shall ensure that each third-country national and the escorts hold valid travel documents, entry and/or transit visas and any other necessary additional documents and, through The General Directorate for Consular Relations, shall solicit the assistance of the diplomatic missions of Romania. 

Article 89

Interdiction of Return

(1) The return shall be forbidden in the following cases:

a) the alien is minor and the parents have legal residence in Romania;

b) the alien is the parent of a minor who has Romanian citizenship if and the interval of the illegal stay does not exceed one year, if:

(i) the minor is under the parental care of the parent;

(ii) he is bound to pay alimony, an obligation which he regularly fulfils;

c) the alien is married to a Romanian citizen and the period of illegal stay does not exceed 6 months and the marriage is not one of convenience.

d) the alien is over 80 years old;

e) there is justified fear that his life is endangered or that he will be subjected to torture, inhuman or degrading treatment in the state the alien is to be returned;

f) return is interdicted through international documents to which Romania is a party;

g) the alien provided in Article 99 (1) (e), except those who were renewed the period for stay toleration in Romania, under the conditions provided in Article 100 (5).

(2) The execution of the measure of return shall be suspended in the case of aliens in one of the situations provided in Article 15(1), up to the date the reasons of interdicting the leaving the Romanian territory are no longer valid;

(3) Persons provided in paragraph 1 may be granted, or as the case may be, renewed the stay right in Romania by the Authority for Aliens for one of the purposes and conditions provided in Chapter IV. Persons provided in paragraph 1(f) may be granted the permanent stay right in accordance with the provisions in Article 71 (3).

(4) Exception from the provisions of paragraph 1(b), (c) and (d), paragraph 2 and 3 are the aliens who represent a threat to the public order, the national security or suffer from a disease which threatens the public health and refuse to comply with the measures set forth by the medical authorities.

Article 90

Voluntary Return

(1) The aliens on the Romanian territory may request the support of the Authority for Aliens or its territorial units for the voluntary return to the country of origin if they do not have any financial means.

(2) The Authority for Aliens together with international organisations with competence in these fields as well as with non-governmental organisations shall carry out common programs for identifying the concrete means of supporting the aliens provided in paragraph 1 with a view to their return to the countries of origin, as well as the financial resources in this respect.

(3) The aliens provided in paragraph 1 may individually be beneficiaries for a single time of the support of the Authority for Aliens through the programs provided for in paragraph 2, for their return to the country of origin.

SECTION 3

Expulsion of Aliens

Article 91

Expulsion of Aliens

(1) The measure of expulsion may be ordered against the alien who committed a crime on the Romanian territory under the conditions provided by the Penal Code and the Penal Procedure Code.

(2) The alien’s stay right shall end de iure at the date the measure of expulsion was taken.

(3) The court may decide that the alien should be taken into public custody until the expulsion is achieved, but no longer than a period of 2 years.

(4) If the alien does not hold a state border crossing document or necessary financial means, the Authority for Aliens shall make the formalities provided in Article 86(4), (5).

Article 92

Interdiction of Expulsion

(1) An alien cannot be expelled to a state where there are justified fears that his life is in danger or that he will be subjected to tortures, inhuman or degrading treatments.

(2) The measure of expulsion shall not be decided and in case of its decision, it cannot be executed if the alien is subject to one of the cases provided for in Article 15(1).

(3) The interdiction of expulsion lasts until the disappearance of the reasons on which it was based.

(5) The establishment of the situations provided in paragraph 1 and paragraph 2 falls under the competence of the court after the notification made by the Authority for Aliens.

Article 921

Recognition of the decisions for the removal of aliens from the territory of the Member States of the European Union

(1) The decisions for the removal of aliens citizens of third states, from the territory of the Member States of the European Union shall be recognized by the Romanian state and shall be implemented by the Authority for Aliens under the current Emergency Ordinance in the following circumstances:

a) the decision of removal shall be taken for reasons of public order and national security as follows:

i) the alien was sentenced for having committed a major offence in the case of which, the law stipulates a prison sentence exceeding one year.

ii) as a result of the alien carrying out activities that could endanger public order or national security, or in the case there is well founded suspicion that the alien is to carry out such activities.

b) the decision for the removal shall be taken as a result of the non-observance by the alien of the conditions referring to the entry and stay of aliens on the territory of the respective Member State.

(2) For these decisions stipulated under paragraph 1 to be put into practice, it is necessary for them not to have been revoked or suspended by the issuing authorities.

(2) Exemption shall be made from the provisions under paragraph 1 in the case of aliens, which are family members of Romanian citizens, as well as family members of citizens of the Member States of the European Union.

(3) With a view to the application of this Article, the Authority for Aliens shall cooperate and exchange information with the competent authorities of the Member States of the European Union.

SECTION 5

Taking Aliens into Public Custody

Accommodation Centres

Article 93

Taking Aliens into Public Custody

(1) Taking into public custody is a measure of restraining free movement on the Romanian territory, decided by a magistrate against the alien who could not be returned within the  term established by this ordinance as well as against the alien declared undesirable or against whom the court took the measure of expulsion.

(2) In the case of the aliens against whom the measure of return was ordered, the taking into public custody shall be decided by prosecutor appointed for this by the Prosecutor’s Office affiliated to the Court of Appeal in Bucharest for a period of 30 days upon the request of the Authority for Aliens or its territorial units.

(3) In the case of aliens against whom the measure of expulsion was taken, the court can decide that, up to the moment the police authorities expel the person in accordance with the provisions on the Penal Procedure Code, the alien should be taken into public custody, but not longer than a period of 2 years.

(4) The prosecutor who took the measure of declaring the person undesirable shall also take the decision of taking the person into public custody through the ordinance provided for in Article 83(3).

(5) The renewal of the interval for taking into public custody of the aliens provided for under paragraph (2) and (4) who could not be removed from the Romanian territory within 30 days, shall be decided by the court of appeal in the territorially competence of which the accommodation place is located, at the motivated request of the Authority for Aliens.

(6) The maximum period of taking into public custody of the aliens against whom the measure of the return has been ordered, cannot exceed 6 months;

(61) In the case that, subsequent to the taking into custody of an alien, the existence of one of the cases provided for under Article 89(1) is established or the alien has submitted a request for being granted a form of protection, the measure of taking into public custody shall lawfully cease, except for the situation when, for reasons of national security or public order, the removal of this alien from the Romanian territory is imposed.

(7) In the case when an alien has been taken into public custody and it is subsequently identified one of the cases stipulated under Article 89(1) or the alien has, for the first time, applied for a form of protection, the measure of public custody shall de iure be ceased.  Upon the submission of a second application, the measure of public custody shall cease upon the date of the alien being granted the access to a new procedure

(71) Exemptions shall be made from the provisions of paragraph 7 for the situations when, out of reasons of national security and public order, it is necessary to remove the aliens from the Romanian territory, or to keep the aliens in public custody up to the moment the asylum procedure is finalised

(8) The aliens in the case of which the measure of public custody was taken, under the conditions stipulated in paragraph 2, may submit, within 5 days, a complaint at the Bucharest Court of Appeal, which shall be bound to solve it within 3 days from the date of receive. The aliens taken into public custody and those returned within 24 hours shall be taken fingerprints and photographs.

(9) In the case provided for under paragraph (3), if the court that delivered the penal judgement has not ordered the taking into public custody, the Authority for Aliens may request the Bucharest Court of Appeal the taking into public custody of the alien who is to be expelled. The court shall solve the request within 3 days as from the date of receiving it. The decision of the court shall be final an irrevocable.

Article 94

Accommodation Centres

(1) The aliens taken into public custody shall be confined to accommodation centres, hereinafter referred to as the centres.

(2) The centres are closed places, especially arranged, administered by the Authority for Aliens and are intended for the temporary accommodation of the aliens against whom the measure of return or expulsion was ordered or who were declared undesirable and who were taken into public custody.

(3) The centres are organised and operate based on a regulation approved by the minister of interior.

(4) The centres are established, organised, sanitarily authorised, arranged and equipped so as to offer civilised conditions of accommodation, food, medical assistance and personal hygiene.

Article 95

Rights and Obligations of the Aliens Accommodated in Centres

(1) The aliens accommodated in centres shall benefit from the rights provided in this emergency ordinance, including those provided in the international treaties in the field, to which Romania is a party.

(2) The aliens accommodated in centres shall have the right to medical and social assistance and to the respect of their opinion and specific nature in the religious, philosophical, cultural field.

(3) Aliens accommodated in centres have the right to be informed immediately after their arrival in these places, in the language they speak or in a language they understand, regarding the reasons that led to this measure, the rights and obligations they have during their stay in these places. The reason of their being taken into public custody as well as the rights and obligations of the aliens accommodated in the centres shall be communicated in written by the persons appointed to run these centres.

(4) During their stay in centres, the aliens shall be offered the possibility of communicating with diplomatic and consular representatives of the state of origin.

(5) The personnel of the centres shall treat aliens impartially as regards race, sex, age, culture, nationality, religion or affiliation to a certain social group.

(6) During the entire period of the accommodation in centres, the aliens shall be bound to comply with the rules, the daily program and the interior order set forth by the organisation and function regulation.

Article 96

Medical Assistance for Aliens Taken into Public Custody

(1) Aliens taken into public custody shall have the right to medical assistance, free medicine and medical materials.

(2) Medical services provided for in paragraph 1 shall be offered in each case through the medical service of the accommodation centres or medical units of the Ministry of Health. The expenses shall be discounted by the Ministry of Administration and Interior through the budget allocated to the Authority for Aliens specially destined for this purpose.

Article 97

Special Measures

(1) The aliens taken into public custody, convicted by final court sentences, shall be accommodated separately from the other categories of aliens.

(2) During the entire period the aliens provided in paragraph 1 shall be under public custody, the travel outside the accommodation centres shall be made under escort.

SECTION 6

Tolerance for Remaining on the Romanian Territory 

Article 98

Granting Tolerance

(1) Tolerance for remaining on the Romanian territory, hereinafter referred to as tolerance, shall be granted by the territorial units of the Authority for Aliens to aliens who do not have the right to stay on the Romanian territory and, for  objective reasons, they do not leave the Romanian territory.

(2) For the purpose of this ordinance, objective reasons are those contexts independent of the alien’s will, unpredictable, which cannot be avoided and because of them the alien cannot leave the Romanian territory.

Article 99

Categories of Aliens who can benefit from Tolerance

(1) Tolerance may be granted to the following categories of aliens:

a. against whom the measure of taking into public custody was ordered and they could not be returned within 6 months;

b. who are subject to the cases provided in article 15 paragraph 1and no longer meet the conditions provided by this emergency ordinance for the granting of a stay permit.

c. whose request for being granted a form of protection was rejected by final and irrevocable decision in accordance with the legal provisions regarding the status and regime of refugees and for objective reasons did not leave the Romanian territory within the term established by law;

d. whose temporary presence on the Romanian territory is required by important public interests. In this case, tolerance shall be granted upon the request of the state competent bodies;

e. in relation to whom there are serious reasons to consider that they are victims of human trafficking;

f. the aliens who, out of other objective reasons, can’t leave Romania

g. aliens taken into public custody in order to achieved the measure of expulsion who were not removed in term of 2 years

(2) Tolerance shall not be granted to aliens declared undesirable.

Article 100

Tolerance Regime

(1) Tolerance shall be granted for a period up to 6 months which may be extended for new intervals of up to 6 months until the disappearance of the causes.

(2) Tolerance does not cancel the obligation of the aliens of leaving the territory of the Romanian State upon the ceasing of the reasons for which it was granted.

(3) The validity of tolerance shall cease upon the alien’s leaving of the Romanian territory.

(4) Upon the ceasing of the reasons which were at the basis of granting tolerance, the alien shall be immediately removed from the Romanian territory without any prior notice.

(5) In the case of the persons provided in Article 99 (1)(e), the prosecutor, by ordinance or, as the case may be, the court, by decision, may order the renewal of tolerance if the  presence of the persons is necessary for a good procedure of the penal trial. In this case, tolerance shall be renewed successively, under the conditions provided in paragraph 1, to the moment the penal trial ends.

(6) The alien shall be bound to present himself monthly or whenever he is called to the territorial group of the Authority for Aliens which granted him tolerance and to notify any change of address.

(7) Tolerance has territorial validity limited to the competence area of the group of the Authority for Aliens which granted it and any travel outside such area shall be allowed only with a prior approval.

(8) In case of non-compliance with the obligations provided in paragraph 6 and 7, the measure of taking into public custody of the alien may be ordered.

SECTION 7

Interdiction of Entering Romania

Article 101

Applying the Interdiction of Entering Romania

(1) The Authority for Aliens may order under the law the interdiction of entering Romania to an alien who was removed from the Romanian State territory.

(11) The measure provided in paragraph (1) may also be disposed against the aliens who have exited Romania after their stay became illegal, without being subject to a measure of removal from the territory.

(2) The measure of interdicting the entry on the Romanian territory provided in paragraph 1 shall also be taken against persons provided for under Article 8 (1)(b)-(d) and Article 8 (2) (a-b)

(3) The materialisation of the entry interdiction shall be made in all cases by establishing the nominal confinement at the state border crossing units and, whenever possible, by applying on the state border crossing documents the stamp, which has to specify the interval

(4) In all the cases, the interdiction of entry shall also be communicated to the Consular Relations Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

(5) The implementation of the interdiction of entering Romania shall be communicated in written to the aliens by the authority that has taken the decision together with the reasons at the basis of this decision.

Article 102

Establishment of the Interdiction Period

(1) Against the aliens who legally entered Romania and whose stay became illegal, the interdiction period shall be as follows:

a) 1 year in case:

i) of an illegal stay between 30 days and one year, for the aliens who did not leave the Romanian territory upon the expiry of the stay right granted through visa or on the basis of international conventions or legal acts through which the visa regime is unilaterally dissolved.

ii) of an illegal stay between 3 months and one year for the aliens that were granted a temporary stay permit:

iii) to aliens that did not comply to the order of leaving the territory and who were returned.

b) 2 years – in case of an illegal stay from 1 year to 2 years;

c) 3 years – in case of an illegal stay from 2 years to 3 years;

d) 5 years – in case of an illegal stay of over 3 years.

(2) the limits of the interdictions stipulated under paragraph 1 shall be reduced to half for the aliens who:

a) ask for voluntary return under the conditions stipulated under Article 90.

b) bear the necessary expenses for the removal from the Romanian territory

c) Shall subsequently reimburse the Authority for Aliens the expenses related to the removal from the Romanian territory

c1) no international transportation expenses are necessary for the removal from the Romanian territory.

d) are married with Romanian citizens or are parents o minor Romanian citizens.

(3) Against the aliens who intentionally committed offences and who were removed, the length of the interdiction shall be equal to the length of the sentence, but not less than 3 years 

(4) Against the aliens who entered Romania illegally, the interdiction period shall be of 10 years

(41) Against the aliens stipulated under Article 101(2), the length of the interdiction shall be as follows:

a) 15 years for the aliens stipulated under Article 8 (1)(b), (d)

b) 5 years for the aliens stipulated under Article 8 (2) (a)-(c).

CHAPTER VI

Documents Issued to Aliens

SECTION 1

Stay Permits

Article 103

Issuance of Stay Permits

(1) The alien who was granted or, as the case may be, renewed the right to stay in Romania, shall be granted a stay permit by the Authority for Aliens through its territorial units, as follows:

a) temporary stay permit to the alien who was granted or, as the case may be, renewed the temporary right to stay;

b) permanent stay permit to the alien who was granted the permanent right to stay through the approval of establishing the domicile in Romania;

(2) The stay permit shall be issued on the date of granting, or, as the case may be, the renewal of the right to stay in Romania.

Article 104

Regime of the Stay Permit

(1) The stay permit shall certify the identity of the alien and the right to stay on the Romanian territory as well as the interval and purpose for which the right was granted.

(2) The holder of the permit shall be bound to permanently have the permit on him, not to give it to another person and to present it to the competent authorities every time he is requested.

Article 105

Validity of the Temporary Stay Permit

(1) The validity of the temporary stay permit shall be limited to the period the temporary right to stay in Romania was granted or, as the case may be, renewed to the holder

(2) The temporary stay permit shall be renewed each time the temporary right to stay is renewed.

Article 106

Permanent Stay Permit

(1) The permanent stay permit shall be issued on the date the establishment of the domicile in Romania is granted, for a period of 5 years and shall be successively renewed for the same period of time.

(2) The application for the renewal of the permanent stay permit shall be submitted by the holder of the permanent right to stay at the territorial unit of the Authority for Aliens in whose sphere of competence the applicant’s domicile is established, with at least 30 days before the expiry of the validity term and it shall be accompanied by the following documents:

a) the state border crossing document in original and copy;

b) supporting documents for the dwelling place, in original and copy;

c) repealed

(3) The interval for the issue new permanent stay permit shall be of maximum 30 days from the date the application was submitted.

Article 107

Annulling the Stay Permit

In the case the holder of the stay permit is revoked the right to stay, the document shall be annulled on the date of the revocation decision and is the latest withdrawn on the date this decision is notified to the alien.

Article 108

Stealing, Loss, Deterioration or Destruction of the Stay Permit

(1) The holder of the stay permit shall be bound to inform the territorial unit of the Authority for Aliens who issued the document regarding its stealing, loss, deterioration or destruction within maximum 5 days from the discovery of each of the cases.

(2) The competent territorial unit of the Authority for Aliens shall issue a new stay permit replacing the stolen, lost, deteriorated or destroyed one, in an interval of maximum 30 days from the date it was informed under the conditions provided in paragraph 1.

(3) The deteriorated stay permits shall be withdrawn and cancelled by the territorial unit of the Authority for Aliens.

Article 109

Form and Content of the Stay Permit

The form and content of the stay permit shall be established by decision of the Romanian Government.

SECTION 2

Travel Documents Issued to Aliens

Article 110

Types of Travel Documents Issued to Aliens

The Authority for Aliens, through its territorial units or, as the case may be, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, through the diplomatic and consular offices of Romania abroad, may issue, upon request, the following types of travel documents:

a) travel title-to the following categories of aliens:

i) stateless aliens with domicile abroad, with temporary stay on the Romanian territory, who are no longer holders of a border crossing document and, for objective reasons, they cannot obtain such a document from the diplomatic office of the state of domicile;

ii) aliens on the Romanian territory who no longer have a national passport and, from objective reasons, cannot obtain a travel document from the diplomatic office of their state;

iii) stateless persons with domicile in Romania temporarily staying abroad, who no longer hold the Romanian State border crossing documents;

b) passport for stateless persons– stateless persons with domicile in Romania as well as stateless persons of Romanian origin who were repatriated on the basis of international agreements to which Romania is a part, under the condition to be over 14 years old.

Article 111

Issuance of Travel Title

(1) For persons provided for in Article 110(a) (i), (ii), the travel title shall be issued by the Authority for Aliens through its territorial units and is valid for one trip for a period of 30 days with the possibility of extending the validity with another 30 days.

(2) The Romanian diplomatic missions or consular offices abroad shall issue, with the approval of the Authority for Aliens, the travel title for persons provided for in Article 110(a) (iii), in order to allow the return of these persons to Romania. Upon the return to the country, the travel title shall be delivered by the holder to the territorial unit of the Authority for Aliens in the area of which the stateless person domiciles.

Article 112

Passport Regime for Stateless Persons

(1) The passport for stateless persons shall certify the identity and the stateless status of the holder with domicile in Romania and shall confer the right to leave or enter the country through any of the border crossing check points open to international travel traffic. 

(2) Abroad, the passport for stateless persons shall give the holder the right to support and protection from the Romanian diplomatic missions and consular offices.

(3) The passport for stateless persons is the property of the Romanian State.

Article 113

The Issuance of the Passport for Stateless Persons

The passport for stateless persons shall be issued, upon request, by the Authority for Aliens through its territorial units for a period of 5 years which can be renewed only once, without exceeding 10 years from the issue date.

Article 114

Conditions Regarding the Application for the Passport for Stateless Persons

(1) The application for the passport for stateless persons shall be submitted by the persons provided for in Article 110(b) to the territorial units of the Authority for Aliens and shall be accompanied by the following documents:

a) valid permanent stay permit, in the case of stateless persons with domicile in Romania or

b) valid temporary stay permit in the case of stateless persons of Romanian origin, who are repatriated on the basis of international agreements to which Romania is a party.

(2) The passports shall be issued in an interval of up to 30 days form the date of the application submission.

Article 115

Annulling the Passport of Stateless Persons

In the case the holder of the passport for stateless persons is deprived of his quality of stateless person with domicile in Romania or, as the case may be, of stateless person of Romanian origin, repatriated on the basis of international agreements to which Romania is a part, he shall be bound to submit the document to the territorial unit of the competent Authority for Aliens which shall withdraw and annul it.

Article 116

Stealing, Loss, Deterioration or Destruction of the Passport for Stateless Persons

(1) The holder of the passport shall be bound to inform the territorial unit of the Authority for Aliens who issued the document regarding its stealing, loss, deterioration or destruction within maximum 5 days from the discovery of each of the cases.

(2) The aliens shall be issued, upon request, under the conditions provided for in Article 112, a new passport replacing the stolen, lost, deteriorated or destroyed one, in an interval of maximum 30 days. 

(3) The deteriorated passports for stateless persons shall be withdrawn and cancelled by the territorial unit of the Authority for Aliens.

Article 117

Form and Content of the Travel Documents

The form and content of the stay permit shall be established by decision of the Romanian Government.

CHAPTER VII

Processing and Protection of Aliens’ Personal Data

Article 118

Competent Institutions for Processing the Personal Data of Aliens

(1) In order to apply the provisions of this emergency ordinance, of other regulations and instructions issued on its basis, the Authority for Aliens, the Romanian Border Police as well as other competent authorities in the field may perform processing activities of personal data of aliens.

(2) The processing of the aliens’ personal data shall be made under the conditions set forth by the laws for the protection of persons regarding the processing of personal data and the free circulation of such data.

Article 119

Organising Records

(1) The National Record System of Aliens shall be established at the level of the Authority for Aliens as a complex system of processing aliens’ personal data, necessary to apply the legal powers regarding the admission, residence and removal of aliens from the Romanian territory.

(2) The record of aliens shall be organised according to the principle of the residence place or domicile through the Authority for Aliens at the central level and through its territorial units at the local level.

(3) Each alien who was renewed the temporary stay right or was granted the permanent stay right shall be granted a personal code number to be inscribed in the stay permit.

(4) The types and categories of records shall be established by the Authority for Aliens and approved by the Minister of Interior.

CHAPTER VIII

The Legal Regime Applicable to Special Categories of Aliens

Article 120

Special Provisions regarding Citizens of the Member States of the European Union and the European Union Area

(1) The citizens of the Member States of the European Union and of the European Union Area may be renewed the temporary stay right for the purposes provided in this emergency ordinance without previously meeting the condition of obtaining a long-stay visa, the conditions referring to the existence of means of support as well as the special conditions under Article 55.

(2) The persons provided in paragraph 1 may be renewed the temporary stay right for  a period of up to 2 years, having the possibility of successively renewing it for periods of up to 5 years.

(3) The husband/wife, minor children and supported relatives of the persons provided in paragraph 1 holding the temporary right to stay granted in accordance with paragraph 2, shall be granted a temporary stay right with the same validity term.

(4) The entry of the persons provided in paragraph 1 and 3 on the Romanian territory may be forbidden for reasons of defence, national security and public order as well as if their support required expenses on the part of the Romanian State.

Article 1201

Aliens with permanent stay right in the Member States of the European Union

(1) Aliens, citizens of third states or stateless persons with permanent stay right in the Member States of the European Union, may enter and stay on the territory of the Romanian state, for an interval of 90 days, within 6 months, without being bound to obtain an entry visa.

(2) Persons stipulated under paragraph 1 may be renewed the temporary stay right, without prior observance of the condition of obtaining a long stay visa under the conditions stipulated by the current Emergency Ordinance.

Article 1202

Family members of aliens with permanent stay right in the Member States of the European Union

(1) Family members of the alien stipulated under Article 1201 who have temporary stay right for family reunification in a Member State of the European Union, may enter Romanian on the basis of a long stay visa granted for the same purpose by the diplomatic missions or the Consular offices of Romania, with the compliance of the general provisions for visas as well as presenting the proofs regarding the stay right on the territory of the Member State for this purpose.

(2) Family members of the aliens stipulated under 1201 who do not have a temporary stay right for family reunification in a Member State of the European Union, shall fall under the provisions of Article 46.

(3) The aliens stipulated under paragraph 1 and 2, can be prolonged the stay right, according to the provisions of Article 63(1).

Article 1203

Granting the temporary stay right to aliens who are victims of trafficking in human beings, smuggling in migrants or victims of the offence provided in Article 1301

(1) The aliens who are victims of trafficking in human beings, smuggling in migrants or victims of the felony provided in Article 1301, may be granted a temporary stay permit, even if they have illegally entered the territory, upon request from the prosecutor or court, if the following conditions are met:

a) they clearly manifest the intention to cooperate with the Romanian authorities in order to identify and bring to penal responsibility all those who participated in commiting the crimes whose victims they were;

b) they have severed all relations with those suspected of commiting the offences whose victims they were;

c) granting them the stay right presents an opportunity for the investigations or the judicial proceedings;

d) their staying in Romania does not pose a threat to public order and national security.

(2) The stay right may be granted, for a period of 6 month, with the possiblity of being prolonged for further periods under the same conditions.

(3) The stay right may be revoked if:

a) the conditions set out in paragraph (1) are no longer fulfilled, or

b) the bearer of the stay right has intentionally renewed contacts with those suspected of commiting the offences provided in paragraph (1), or

c) the competent authority finds that the victim's cooperation is fraudulent or that his/her complaint is fraudulent or wrongful, or

d) the victim ceases to cooperate, or

e) the competent authorities decide to discontinue the proceedings, as a consequence of being in one of the cases provided by article 10 of the Penal Procedure Code.

(4) The stay permit shall be issued free of charge to the persons provided in paragraph (1)

Article 121

The Legal Regime Applicable to Unaccompanied Minor Aliens

(1) In the case of unaccompanied minor aliens entering the Romanian territory, the Authority for Aliens and its territorial units shall act as follows:

a) establish their identity and way of entering the territory shall be established;

b) irrespective of their legal or illegal status they shall be offered representation through a competent institution according to the law which shall ensure their protection and necessary support, including accommodation in special centres for minor persons protection in conditions similar to  those for Romanian minor persons;

c) measures for the identification of the parents shall be taken, irrespective of the latter’s place of residence, with a view to family reunification;

d) until the parents are identified, minors that have not graduated school, shall have access to the education system;

e) in the case the parents of the minor do not have their residence on the Romanian territory, this shall be returned to the state of his parents residence or in the state where other family members have been identified, with their approval;

f) in the case the parents or other family members could not be identified, or if the minor is not accepted by the state of origin, he shall be granted the temporary stay right on the Romanian territory.

(2) With a view to finding adequate solutions, the Authority for Aliens shall co-operate with national and international specialised organisations.

Article 122

Access of Minor Aliens to Education

(1) Minor aliens living in Romania shall have access to compulsory education system under the same conditions as the Romanian minor citizens.

(2) The Ministry of Education and Research shall establish, under the law, the limits and conditions of the acknowledgement and equating the studies made in the origin country for the enrolment of foreign students in the national educational system.

CHAPTER IX

Minor or criminal offences

Article 123

The Legal Liability for Breaching the Provisions of this Emergency Ordinance

The breach of the provisions hereof shall cause, as the case may be, the penal, civil, contraventional or administrative liability of the guilty person.

Article 124

Minor Offences

The following deeds shall be considered minor offences if:

1. the carrier not complying with the interdictions provided in Article 7(1);

2. non-observance by the alien of the obligation to leave the Romanian territory after the date the stay right in Romanian stipulated under Article 11 expires;

3. non-observance by the alien of the obligation of announcing the police unit with territorial competence on his/her stay”, up to at least 3 days from the term stipulated under Article 12(1)

31. failure to comply with the obligation provided in Article 13 (11)

4. not declaring the information provided for under Article 13(1) and (2), within the terms provided for under Article 13(3);

5. allowing the aliens in one of the situations of interdiction of exit, provided for under Article 15(1), to leave the country;

6. not complying to the term of submitting the application for the renewal of the temporary stay right provided for under Article 51(1);

61. non-observance by the alien of the obligations stipulated under Article 50(21)

7. the employer not complying to the obligation of  communicating the nominal situation, provided for under Article 57(2);

8. non-observance by the alien of the obligation to present himself/herself to the territorial unit of the Authority for Aliens within 30 days stipulated under Article 72(5)

9. not complying to the obligation of the alien has regarding the stay permit, provided in Article 104(2);

10. not complying to the term for submitting the application for the renewal of the stay permit, provided in Article 106(2);

11. not complying to the term of declaring the stealing, loss, deterioration or destruction of the stay permit provided in Article 108(1);

12. not complying to the term of declaring the stealing, loss, deterioration or destruction of the passport for  stateless persons provided in Article 116 (1);

13. the alien being retained the state border crossing document or the stay permit by unauthorised persons.

14. facilitating, through any means, the illegal stay of aliens on the Romanian territory;

Article 125

Sanctions

Minor offences provided in article 124 shall be sanctioned as follows:

a) with a fine from 100 RON to 500 RON, those provided by points 3,31,4,6,61,8,9,10,11 and 12.

b) fine from  ROL 5.000.000 to  ROL 10.000.000  for those provided for under point 5;

c) fine from  ROL 20.000.000 to  ROL 30.000.000  for those provided for under points 7,13 and 14;

d) fine from  ROL 50.000.000 to  ROL 150.000.000  for those provided for under point 1;

e) in the case of the minor offence provided for under point 2, the fine shall apply as follows:

i) from ROL 4.000.000 to ROL 7.000.000, in the case of a stay up to 30 days after the right to stay expires;

ii) from ROL 6.000.000 to ROL 10.000.000, in the case of a stay up to 60 days after the right to stay expires;

iii) from ROL 8.000.000 to ROL 12.000.000, in the case of a stay more than 90 days after the right to stay expires;

Article 126

The Establishment of Minor Offices

The establishment of minor offences and the sanctions shall be made by officers specially appointed from the Ministry of Interior or, as the case may be, by the establishing agents specially appointed belonging to other institutions, according to their competence.

Article 127

Minor Offences Regime

(1) The provisions of this emergency ordinance shall be completed with the provisions of the Government Ordinance no. 2/2001 regarding the legal regime for minor offences, approved with further amendments through Law Nr. 180/2002.

(2) In the case of minor offences under Article 124(4), (9),(14), (16), (18), (19), (22), (24) the person committing the minor offence may pay half of the minimum fee within 48 hours from the date of concluding, or, as the case may be, of notifying the minute.

Article 128

Eluding the Measures of Returning form the Romanian Territory

The intentional avoidance of complying to the obligations set by the competent authorities by the alien to whom the expulsion, return measure was applied, or one of the measures of interdicting the right to stay on the Romanian territory or temporary establishment of the domicile of residence in certain zones or places was applied shall be sanctioned with jail from 6 months to 5 years.

Article 129

The Fraudulent Entry of the Alien Declared Undesirable  or Against whom  the Measure of Interdicting the Entry on the Romanian Territory was Applied

(1) The entry on the Romanian territory through the illegal crossing of the border, or under a false identity by the alien declared undesirable or who was forbidden through any means the right to entry or stay in Romania represents major offence and shall be sanctioned through prison from 2 to 6 years

(2) If the deed provided in paragraph 1 has been done repeatedly, the punishment shall be prison from 3 to 7 years.

Article 130

Carrying out Activities Interdicted by Law

(1) An alien organising on the Romanian territory a political party or other organisations or groups of these provided for in Article 4 (2), adhering to these as well as initiating, organising and taking part into manifestations or meeting which infringe upon public order and national security shall be considered criminal offence and shall be sanctioned with prison from 3 months to 2 years or with fine.

(2) Also the alien’s deed of financing a political party, organisation, group or manifestation, meeting between those provided for in Article 4(3) shall be sanctioned with the same punishment provided in paragraph 1.

(3) The sums of money, goods of any type or other values received by infringing upon the provisions in Article 4(3) shall be confiscated.

Article 1301

Facilitating the illegal stay of aliens on the Romanian territory

(1) Intentional facilitation, through any means, of the illegal stay of aliens on the Romanian territory shall represent major offence and shall be sanctioned with prison from 6 months to 5 years.

(2) The offence stipulated under paragraph 1 committed under the following circumstances:

a) by two or more persons together

b) a serious health injury or body aggression were inflicted upon the aliens, shall be punished with prison from 2 years to 8 years.

(3) If the offence had as a result, the death of the alien the sentence shall be prison from 3 to 15 years.

(31) If the offence provided in paragraph (1) was committed by a person who is member of an organised group, or the person has obtained for himself or someone else important material benefits, the special maximum of the detension period shall be suplimented with 3 years.

(4) The attempt shall be punished.

Article 1302

Responsibility of legal persons

(1) If the offence provided in paragraph (1) was committed in the name or interest of a legal person, by its organs or representatives, it is punishable by fine from 15.000 RON to 30000 RON.

(2) The same fine shall be applicable if the offence provided in paragraph (1) was committed in the name or interest of a legal person, as a result of non-exercising by the persons provided in Para. (1) of control attributions, by any person under their authority.

(3) The responsibility of the legal person does not entail exemption from penal responsibility of the persons who participated in committing the offence provided by Article 1301.

CHAPTER X

Final and Transitory Provisions

Article 131

The Authority for Aliens

(1) The activity of the Authority for Aliens is a public service carried out for the interest of the person, community and for the support of the state institutions, exclusively on the basis of and in execution of the law.

(2) Exercising its duties, the Authority for Aliens and Migration Issues shall co-operate with other units of the Ministry of Interior, with state institutions having powers in providing the lawful order and shall collaborate in this respect with the citizens under the law.

(21) The staff of the Authority for Aliens consists of police officers, public servants and contractual staff.

(22) When carrying out their work duties, the police officers within the Authority for Aliens are entitled:

a) to carry out preliminary procedures in order to collect the necessary data to begin the penal action, when they establish the commitment of offences regarding the status of aliens status;

b) to track down and take down to the headquarters of the territorial structures the aliens that break the legal provisions on the status of aliens or those whose identity cannot be established, to check and take legal action within at most 24 hours since the tracking;

c) to organize and carry out, according to the provisions of the law, control visits in the surroundings and locations frequented by aliens, in the public or private institutions, as well as on the premises of economic companies, regardless of the owner or holder, when clear information or signs exist regarding the existence in these surroundings or locations of aliens who do not comply with the legal provisions on the status of aliens in Romania.

d) to use, while on duty, the public transportation and the railway transportation free of charge, in order to carry out missions that cannot be accomplished otherwise.

(3) The organisation structure and the attributions of the Authority for Aliens shall be established by Government decision within 90 days following the day this ordinance enters into force.

Article 132

Bearing of Expenses

(1) The expenses for the removal from the Romanian territory of aliens, who have financial means, shall be paid by aliens.

(2) If the alien does not have any financial means and entered Romania on the basis of an invitation with bank deposit or on the basis of a letter of guarantee, the expenses shall be borne out of the bank deposit established at the disposal of the Authority for Aliens or by the legal entity signing the letter of guarantee.

(3) The employer, individual or legal entity, shall be bound to bear the expenses for the removal of the alien whom he employed illegally or whose stay permit is no longer valid.

(4) The expenses for the removal of aliens who do not have the necessary funds in this respect as well as those for their feeding, support and accommodation in centres, the expenses for medical assistance and hospitalisation shall be borne by the Ministry of Interior.

(5) The building, arrangement, maintenance and operation expenses of the centres shall be borne by the Ministry of Interior.

(6) The funds for the expenses provided in paragraph 4 and 5 shall be made available in the state budget for the Ministry of Interior.

(7) The norms for providing logistics for the centres, the norms for the maintenance materials and personal hygiene as well as the norms for food for aliens taken into public custody shall be established by Government decision.

Article 133

Medical Assistance in Special Cases

In exceptional cases and for humanitarian reasons, the territorial competent body of the Ministry of Interior may decide ensuring medical assistance for aliens under the conditions provided in Article 96.

Article 134

Aliens Exempted from the Implementation of the Provisions of this Emergency Ordinance

(1) The provisions of this emergency ordinance do not apply to the following categories of aliens, except situations when, national security or public order reasons necessitate the aliens’ removal from the Romanian territory:

a) applicants for refugee status

b) refugees

c) those who were granted conditioned humanitarian protection or a form of temporary humanitarian protection

(2) The Government may establish, through a decision, to exempt from complying with the condition stated under Article 6(1) (c), as well as from other conditions for the renewal of the stay right, provided for by this Emergency Ordinance, the aliens who are citizens of states for which there is no obligation of obtaining an entrance visa for Romania.

Article 135

Limits of the Due Implementation of this Emergency Ordinance, Regarding Certain Categories of Aliens

Starting the date of Romania’s accession to the European Union, the provisions of this emergency ordinance shall cease to apply to citizens of the Member States of the European Union and the European Economic Area.

Article 1351

Provisions which are applicable upon the date of accession of Romania to the European Union

The provisions of Article 5 paragraph (3) and (4), Articles 881, 882, 921, 1201 and 1202 shall enter into force upon the date of accession of Romania to the European Union.

Article 136

Transitory Provisions

(1) Within 3 months as following the entry into force of this emergency ordinance, aliens with illegal residence may request the Authority for Aliens to issue a decision for leaving the territory.

(2) The issuance of the order for leaving the territory under the conditions provided in paragraph 1 shall not be accompanied by the measure of interdiction for entering Romania.

(3) All cases in course of settlement on the date this emergency ordinance has entered into force shall be settled in accordance with its provisions.

Article 137

Entry into force

(1) This emergency ordinance shall enter into force within 30 days as of the publication in the Official Journal of Romania.

(2) Upon the date emergency ordinance enters into force, Law no. 123/2001 on the status of aliens in Romania, published in the Official Journal of Romania, part I no. 168 of April 3, 2001 and Decision of the Romanian Government no. 476/2001 for the approval of the Methodological Norms for the application of Law no. 123/2001, published in the Official Journal of Romania, part I no. 276 of May 29, 2001 as well as any other contrary provisions shall be repealed.

Bucharest, 12 December 2002.

No. 194