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[excerpts]

CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA
Prom. SG 56/13 Jul 1991, amend. SG 85/26 Sep 2003, SG 18/25 Feb 2005, SG 27/31 Mar 2006, SG 78/26 Sep 2006 - Constitutional Court Judgment No.7/2006 , SG 12/6 Feb 2007

 

Art. 1.

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(3) No part of the people, no political party nor any other organization, state institution or individual shall usurp the expression of the popular sovereignty.

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Art. 12. (1) Associations of citizens shall serve to meet and safeguard their interests.

(2) Citizens' associations, including trade unions, shall not pursue any political objectives, nor shall they engage in any political activity which is in the domain of the political parties.

Art. 13.

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(4) Religious institutions and communities, and religious beliefs shall not be used to political ends.

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Art. 43. (1) Citizens shall have the right to peaceful and unarmed assembly for meetings and demonstrations.

(2) The procedure for the organising and holding of meetings and demonstrations shall be established by law.

(3) No notice to the municipal authorities shall be required for meetings held indoors.

Art. 44. (1) Citizens shall be free to associate.

(2) No organisation shall act to the detriment of the country's sovereignty and national integrity, or the unity of the nation, nor shall it incite racial, national, ethnic or religious enmity or an encroachment on the rights and freedoms of citizens; no organisation shall establish clandestine or paramilitary structures or shall seek to attain its aims through violence.

(3) The law shall establish which organisations shall be subject to registration, the procedure for their termination, and their relationships with the state.

Art. 45. Citizens shall have the right to lodge complaints, proposals and petitions with the state authorities.

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Art. 49. (1) Workers and employees shall be free to form trade union organisations and alliances in defence of their interests related to work and social security.

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Art. 53.

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(5) Citizens and organisations shall be free to found schools in accordance with conditions and procedures established by law. The education they provide shall fit the requirements of the state.

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Art. 57. (1) The fundamental civil rights shall be irrevocable.

(2) Rights shall not be abused, nor shall they be exercised to the detriment of the rights or the legitimate interests of others.

(3) Following a proclamation of war, martial law or a state of emergency the exercise of individual civil rights may be temporarily curtailed by law, except for the rights established by Art. 28, Art. 29, Art. 31 para 1, 2 and 3, Art. 32 para 1, and Art. 37.

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Art. 86.

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(2) The laws and resolutions passed by the National Assembly shall be binding on all state bodies, all organisations and all citizens.

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Art. 116.

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(2) The conditions for the appointment and dismissal of state employees and the conditions on which they shall be free to belong to political parties and trade unions, as well as to exercise their right to strike shall be established by law.

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Art. 147.

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(5) The status of a justice of the Constitutional Court shall be incompatible with a representative mandate, or any state or public post, or membership in a political party or trade union, or with the practising of a free, commercial, or any other paid occupation.

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