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Wages Act

Passed 26 January 1994

(RT1I 1994, 11, 154),

entered into force 1 March 1994,

Chapter I

General Provisions

§ 5. Unlawful reduction or increase in wages

It is prohibited to increase or reduce wages on the grounds of an employee’s sex, nationality, colour, race, native language, social origin, social status, previous activities, religion, political or other opinion, or attitude towards the duty to serve in the Defence Forces. It is prohibited to reduce wages on the grounds of the marital status, family obligations, membership in citizens’ associations or representation of the interests of employees or employers.

§ 51. Principle of equal remuneration

(1) The establishment of different wage conditions for the same or equal work to employees of different sex is prohibited.

(2) At the request of an employee, the employer is required to prove that the employer has adhered to the principle specified in subsection (1) of this section and any preferences given were based on objective circumstances not connected to sex. Employees have the right to request explanations concerning the bases for calculation of wages.

(3) An employee has the right to demand equal payment for the same or equal work and the compensation of damages caused by violation of the principle of equal remuneration. Upon determination of compensation, the duration, extent and nature of unequal remuneration shall be taken into consideration.

(4) Upon hiring, employers are required to inform employees of the regulation of equal remuneration by law.

(16.05.2001 entered into force 11.06.2001 - RT I 2001, 50, 287)

§ 6. Calculation and payment of wages in money

(16.05.2001 entered into force 11.06.2001 - RT I 2001, 50, 287)

(1) Wages shall be calculated and shall be paid to employees in money.

(16.05.2001 entered into force 11.06.2001 - RT I 2001, 50, 287)

(2) (Repealed - 16.05.2001 entered into force 11.06.2001 - RT I 2001, 50, 287)

Chapter IV

Guarantees and Compensation

§ 24. Guarantee for breaks for feeding child

Average wages for the breaks prescribed for employees by law for feeding a child shall be continued from state budget funds through the budget of the Ministry of Social Affairs pursuant to the procedure established by the Minister of Social Affairs.

(16.01.95 entered into force 01.01.95 - RT I 1995, 12, 120; 16.05.2001 entered into force 11.06.2001 - RT I 2001, 50, 287)

§ 241. Guarantees for ante-natal examination to pregnant women

Average wages shall be continued for pregnant woman to whom an employer is required to grant free time for ante-natal examination indicated in a decision of a doctor.

(16.05.2001 entered into force 11.06.2001 - RT I 2001, 50, 287)