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LABOR RELATIONS ACT

4. Special protection of women, juveniles and disabled employees

Article 58

Female employees are entitled to nine months continual leave from work during pregnancy, birth and maternity, and one year leave for birth of more than one child (twins, triplets, etc.).

Based on the findings of authorized medical institutions, female employees may begin maternity leave 45 days before delivery and compulsorily 28 days before delivery.

Female employees who have adopted a child are entitled leave until the child is nine months old and one year leave for the adoption of more children (two or more).

Female employees who have adopted children between the age of nine months and five years, are entitled to three months leave from work.

During maternity leave under paragraphs 1 and 3 of this article, female employees are entitled to compensation of pay in compliance with the health care regulations.

Article 59

The child's father is entitled to the rights under article 58 of this act in cases of the mother's death, abandonment or if she has been prevented to employ the above rights for justified reasons.

Child adopters are provided equal rights to those of the parents under articles 58 and 59 of this act.

Article 60

In cases of death at birth or death of a child before the expiration of maternity leave, female employees are permitted to extend maternity leave for the period of time, which on the basis of the physicians findings, would be required for recovery from birth and the psychological state caused by child loss, for a minimum of 45 days, during which they are provided with all maternity leave rights.

During leave listed under paragraph 1 of this article and article 58 paragraph 2 of this act, female employees are entitled to salary compensation in compliance with the health care regulations.

Article 61

Female employees, are not to work longer than the full working hours nor in night shifts during pregnancy or with children under two years of age.

With the exception of the provision under paragraph 1 of this article, female employees with children over one year of age, are permitted to work in night shifts, only at their request.

Self supporting parents, whose children are under the age of seven or disabled, are permitted to work longer than the full working hours or in night shifts, solely on the basis of their written consent.

Article 62

One of the parents of handicapped children are permitted to workhalf of the full working hours in cases when either both parents are employed or if the parent is self supporting, based on the findings of an competent medical board and if the child is not placed in a social or medical institution.

Reduced working hours under paragraph 1 of this article are considered as full working hours, and the right to salary compensation is acquired in compliance with the social security regulations.

Article 63

Male and female employees under 18 years of age are not permitted to work which involves strenuous physical labor, underground or underwater work or other jobs, which may be harmful or threatening to their health and lives, determined in the collective agreement.

Article 64

Employees under 18 years of age acquire annual leave according to the general rules and standards by which the length of annual leave is determined for other employees and increased by seven additional working days.

Article 65

Female employees working in industries and building construction can not be assigned to night shifts unless a minimum seven hour break has been provided between 10:00 p.m. and 5:00 a.m. the following day.

The prohibition under paragraph 1 of this article does not pertain to female employees granted special authorities and responsibilities or those engaged in health, social or other protection of the employees.

With the exception of the provision under paragraph 1 of this article, female employees may be assigned to night shifts when they are required continue interrupted work due to major force or when needed to prevent damages to raw materials or other substances.

Female employees may be assigned to night shifts when compelled by particularly critical economic, social and similar circumstances and under condition that employers are granted approval for initiating such endeavors.

The approval under paragraph 4 of this article, is issued by the 19 state authorities in charge of labor related issues.