Code of Conduct of the Political Parties of Macedonia For Free and Fair
Parliamentary Elections


Free and fair elections are the cornerstone of democracy. An essential element of such elections is the freedom to campaign. Each person has the right to put forward his or her opinions without fear. Freedom to campaign, however, also means allowing every other person the same freedom.

We, the political parties of Macedonia, have agreed on this Code of Conduct for the forthcoming elections. The Code does not replace any existing rules. It helps to focus on problems that have occurred in the past. We believe it can help to bring about free and fair elections.

We solemnly undertake and promise to one another, and to the people of our country, that we shall observe, and actively promote, this Code of Conduct.

Our parties accept primary responsibility for seeing that the Code is fully applied.

Rule of Law

  1. The parties, candidates and members will obey all laws, rules, and regulations of Macedonia relevant to elections and will support the Rule of Law. The Rule of Law is largely based upon the independence and professionalism of the judiciary and of the court system. These, too, will have our full support.
  2. All parties, candidates and members are equally subject to the law. The activities of government and party, however, should be clearly separate. Thus:

Electoral Conduct

  1. The parties, candidates and members promise to promote free and fair elections and a climate of democratic tolerance. They commit to:
  1. The parties, candidates and members will condemn, publicly and repeatedly, any resort to violence or intimidation, from whatever quarter; they will also condemn any use of language, or any kind of action, which might incite violence or intimidation. In accordance with universal electoral practice, no weapon of any kind may be carried or displayed at public meetings, rallies or other campaign activities.
  2. The parties, candidates and members will take every available step to eradicate all forms of electoral fraud before, during, and after election day.
  3. No party, candidate or member may offer any reward or inducement in exchange for any electoral favour.
  4. The parties, candidates and members will not publish or make defamatory or inflammatory allegations concerning any other party, candidate or person.
  5. The parties, candidates and members will not remove, deface or over-poster the posters or other campaign materials of other parties or candidates. Nor will they plagiarise their symbols, colours or acronyms, or use graffiti.
  6. The parties, candidates and members will do nothing to impede the democratic right of any party, through its candidates and members, to have access to all voters, to conduct voter education, raise funds, canvass membership, and otherwise clarify issues and seek support.
  7. With respect to the role of women, the parties will:
  1. The parties may decide to hold meetings to discuss implementation of the Code of Conduct at any time at the national or municipal level. Any issue relating to the campaign may be discussed. Civic organizations concerned with electoral integrity, such as the Citizens Association MOST, may attend and monitor these meetings.
  2. The parties' campaign expenditures will be published in accordance with the Law on Election of Members of Parliament of June, 2002.
  3. The parties, candidates and members will accept the final outcome of the elections lawfully declared and certified by the State Election Commission.