The Instrument of Government (1974:152)




Chapter 2. Fundamental rights and freedoms

Art. 1. Every citizen shall be guaranteed the following rights and freedoms in his relations with the public institutions:

1. freedom of expression: that is, the freedom to communicate information and express ideas, opinions and sentiments, whether orally, pictorially, in writing, or in any other way;

2. freedom of information: that is, the freedom to procure and receive information and otherwise acquaint oneself with the utterances of others;

3. freedom of assembly: that is, the freedom to organize or attend a meeting for the purposes of information or for the expression of opinion or for any other similar purpose, or for the purpose of presenting artistic work;

4. freedom to demonstrate: that is, the freedom to organize or take part in a demonstration in a public place;

5. freedom of association: that is, the freedom to associate with others for public or private purposes;

6. freedom of worship: that is, the freedom to practice one's religion either alone or in the company of others.


Art. 14. Freedom of assembly and freedom to demonstrate may be restricted in the interests of preserving public order and public safety at a meeting or demonstration, or having regard to the circulation of traffic. These freedoms may otherwise be restricted only having regard to the security of the Realm or in order to combat an epidemic.

Freedom of association may be restricted only in respect of organisations whose activities are of a military or quasimilitary nature, or constitute persecution of a population group of a particular race, colour, or ethnic origin.


Art. 17. A trade union or an employer or employers’ association shall be entitled to take industrial action unless otherwise provided in an act of law or under an agreement.