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THE CONSTITUTION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

(Adopted on 25 December 1993, with amendments of 09.01.1996, 10.02.1996 and 09.06.2001)


We, the multinational people of the Russian Federation,

united by a common fate on our land,

establishing human rights and freedoms, civic peace and accord,

preserving the historically established state unity,

proceeding from the universally recognized principles of equality and self-determination of peoples,

revering the memory of ancestors who have conveyed to us the love for the Fatherland, belief in the good and justice,

reviving the sovereign statehood of Russia and asserting the firmness of its democratic basic,

striving to ensure the well-being and prosperity of Russia,

proceeding from the responsibility for our Fatherland before the present and future generations,

recognizing ourselves as part of the world community,

adopt the CONSTITUTION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

FIRST SECTION

CHAPTER 1. THE FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL SYSTEM

Article 6

1. The citizenship of the Russian Federation shall be acquired and terminated according to federal law; it shall be one and equal, irrespective of the grounds of acquisition.

2. Every citizen of the Russian Federation shall enjoy in its territory all the rights and freedoms and bear equal duties provided for by the Constitution of the Russian Federation.

3. A citizen of the Russian Federation may be deprived of his or her citizenship or of the right to change it.

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CHAPTER 2. RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS OF MAN AND CITIZEN

(...)

Article 26

1. Everyone shall have the right to determine and indicate his nationality. No one may be forced to determine and indicate his or her nationality.

2. Everyone shall have the right to use his or her native language, to a free choice of the language of communication, upbringing, education and creative work.

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Article 62

1. A citizen of the Russian Federation may have the citizenship of a foreign State (dual citizenship) according to the federal law or an international agreement of the Russian Federation.

2. The possession of a foreign citizenship by a citizen of the Russian Federation shall not derogate his rights and freedoms and shall not free him from the obligations stipulated by the Russian citizenship, unless otherwise provided for by federal law or an international agreement of the Russian Federation.

3. Foreign nationals and stateless persons shall enjoy in the Russian Federation the rights and bear the obligations of citizens of the Russian Federation, except for cases envisaged by the federal law or the international agreement of the Russian Federation.

(...)

CHAPTER 3. THE FEDERAL STRUCTURE

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Article 71

The jurisdiction of the Russian Federation includes:

(...)

c) regulation and protection of the rights and freedoms of man and citizen; citizenship in the Russian Federation, regulation and protection of the rights of national minorities;

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CHAPTER 4. THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

(...)

The President of the Russian Federation shall:

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