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CONSTITUTION OF THE KYRGYZ REPUBLIC

(excerpts)

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Article 2
1. The people of Kyrgyzstan are the bearer of sovereignty and the sole source of state
power in the Kyrgyz Republic.
2. The people of Kyrgyzstan shall exercise its power directly at elections and referenda,
as well as through the system of state authorities and local self-governance bodies on the basis of the
present Constitution and laws.
3. Laws and other important matters of state significance may be submitted to a
referendum (nationwide vote). The procedures of holding a referendum and the list of questions put to
the referendum shall be defined in the constitutional law.
4. The elections shall be free.
The elections of the deputies of the Jogorku Kenesh, the President as well as the deputies of
representative local self-governance bodies shall be conducted on the basis of universal equal and
direct suffrage by secret ballot.
The right to vote shall be granted to the citizens of the Kyrgyz Republic having reached 18
years of age.
5. The state shall ensure the conditions for the representation of various social groups defined
by the law in state authorities and local self-governance bodies, including at the level of
decision-making

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Article 52
1. Citizens shall have the right to:
2) to elect and to be elected to state authorities and local self governance bodies in accordance
with the procedures established by the present Constitution and the law;

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Article 61
1. The President shall be elected by the citizens of the Kyrgyz Republic for a term of 6 years.
2. One and the same person may not be elected President twice.

Article 62
1. A citizen of the Kyrgyz Republic, no younger than 35 years of age and not older than 70 years
of age, who has a command of the state language and who has been resident in the republic for no less
than 15 years in total may be elected President.
2. There shall be no limit on the number of candidates for the office of the President. A person
who has collected not less than 30,000 voters’ signatures may be registered as a presidential
candidate.
The procedure for presidential elections shall be defined by the constitutional law.

Article 63
1. Upon entering office, the President shall take an oath to the people of Kyrgyzstan.
2. The powers of the President shall cease at the moment when the newly elected President
takes office.
3. During the period in office the President shall suspend his membership in political parties and
terminate any actions related to the activity of political parties.


Article 64
1. The President:
1) shall call the elections to the Jogorku Kenesh in cases provided for in the present
Constitution; shall make decision on calling early elections to the Jogorku Kenesh in cases and pursuant
the procedures envisaged in the present Constitution;
2) shall call elections to local keneshes (parliaments), in accordance with procedure and in cases
provided in the law shall dismiss local keneshes.
5. The President:
2) shall nominate to the Jogorku Kenesh the candidates to form one third of the members of the
Central Commission on elections and referenda for election and dismissal;
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Chapter I The Jogorku Kenesh
Article 70
1. The Jogorku Kenesh - the Parliament of the Kyrgyz Republic - shall be the highest representative
body exercising legislative power and oversight functions within the limits of its competence.
2. The Jogorku Kenesh shall consist of 120 deputies elected for a five year term on the basis of
proportional representation.
As a result of elections a political party may not be granted more than 65 deputy mandates in
the Parliament.
Any citizen of the Kyrgyz Republic who has reached 21 years of age as of the election day and
who possesses the electoral right, may be elected as a Deputy of the Jogorku Kenesh.
The procedure of electing the deputies to the Jogorku Kenesh including the establishment of
an electoral threshold for passing to the Parliament, shall be defined in the constitutional law.

Article 73
3. In addition to the ground envisaged in paragraph 2 of the present article the powers of the
deputy of the Jogorku Kenesh shall be subject to early termination in the following cases:
4) Declaring the elections invalid;
Early termination of powers of a deputy of the Jogorku Kenesh on the aforementioned grounds
shall be executed by a resolution of the Central Commission on Elections and Referendums, which
shall be adopted not later than 30 calendar days since the date of accrual of cause

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