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CONSTITUTION
OF THE REPUBLIC OF ICELAND
(excerpts)

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II.
Article 3
The President of Iceland shall be elected by the people.


Article 4
Any person who is at least thirty-five years of age and fulfils the requirements
necessary to vote in elections to Althingi, with the exception of the residency
requirement, is eligible to be elected President.


Article 5
The President shall be elected by direct, secret ballot of those who are eligible
to vote in elections to Althingi. A presidential candidate shall be proposed by
not less than 1500 voters and not more than 3000. The candidate, if there is
more than one, who receives the most votes is duly elected President. If there is
only one candidate, he is duly elected without a vote.
Further provision for the candidature and election of the President shall be
made by law, and it may be provided that a specific number of proposers shall
reside in each quarter of the country in proportion to the number of voters
there.


Article 6
The President's term of office begins on the 1st of August and ends on the 31st
of July four years later. The election of President takes place in June or July of
the year in which a term of office expires.


Article 7
If the President dies or resigns prior to the expiry of his term of office, a new
President shall be elected for a period ending on the 31st of July of the fourth
year from the election.

III.
Article 31
Althingi shall be composed of 63 members elected by the people by secret
ballot on the basis of proportional representation for a term of four years.
Electoral districts shall be no fewer than six and no more than seven in number.
Their boundaries shall be defined by law; however, the National Election
Board may define the boundaries of the electoral districts in Reykjavik and its
vicinity.
For each respective electoral district, six seats shall be allocated in accordance
with the outcome of elections within that district. The number of parliamentary
seats for each electoral district shall in other respects be defined by law, subject
however to the provisions of the fifth paragraph.
Seats other than those allocated to the electoral districts shall be distributed
within each respective electoral district with the purpose of providing
individual political parties with representation reflecting to the fullest possible
extent each party’s total number of votes. However, only political parties
having received at least five per cent of all valid votes cast nation-wide shall be
eligible for such distribution.

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Article 32
Sessions of Althingi are held in one chamber.


Article 33
All persons who, on the date of an election, are 18 years of age or older and
have Icelandic nationality have the right to vote in elections to Althingi.
Permanent domicile in Iceland, on the date of an election, is also a requirement
for voting, unless exceptions from this rule are stipulated in the law on
elections to Althingi.
Further provisions regarding elections to Althingi shall be laid down in the law
on elections.


Article 34
Every national having the right to vote in elections to Althingi and an
unblemished reputation is eligible to be elected to Althingi.
Supreme Court Judges, however, are not eligible.

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Article 45
Regular elections to Althingi shall take place not later than at the end of the
electoral term. The beginning and end of the electoral term is on the same day
of the week in a month, counting from the beginning of the month.

Article 46
Althingi decides whether its Members are legally elected and also whether a
Member has lost eligibility for election to Althingi.


Article 47
Each new Member of Althingi shall take a pledge to uphold the Constitution
when his election has been approved.

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