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CONSTITUTIONAL LAW ON THE RIGHTS OF NATIONAL MINORITIES

ZAGREB, December 13, 2002

(excerpts)

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Article 19
(1) National minorities shall have the right to representation in the Croatian Parliament.
(2) Members of national minorities can elect at least five and not more than eight MPs in
special constituencies in accordance with the law regulating the election of MPs, which, however,
shall not derogate the already acquired rights of national minorities.
(3) A national minority with a share of more than 1.5% in the total population of the Republic
of Croatia shall be guaranteed at least one and not more than three parliament seats in accordance
with the law regulating the election of MPs.
(4) National minorities with a share of less than 1.5% in the total population of the Republic of
Croatia shall have the right to elect at least four MPs from among the members of national
minorities in accordance with the law regulating the election of MPs.

Article 20
(1) The Republic of Croatia guarantees national minority members the right to representation in
the representative bodies of local and regional self-government units.
(2) Unless at least one member of a national minority having a share in the population of a selfgovernment
unit above 5% and below 15% is elected by universal suffrage to the representational
body of the self-government unit, the number of members of the representational body shall be
increased by one member and as elected shall be considered a minority member who has not been
elected as the first in the order of proportional success of each electoral list, unless otherwise
provided in the law governing the election of members of the representational body of the selfgovernment
unit.
(3) Unless an election by universal suffrage fails to result in as many minority members in the
representational body of a local self-government unit as pertaining to the respective national
minority having at least 15% share in the local population, the number of members of the
representational body of that unit shall be increased to a number required to achieve that
representation and as elected shall be considered minority members who have not been elected in
the order of proportional success of each electoral list, unless otherwise provided in the law
governing the election of members of the representational body of the local self-government unit.
(4) Unless an election by universal suffrage fails to result in as many minority members in the
representational body of a regional self-government unit as pertaining to the respective national
minority having more than 5% share in the population of the regional self-government unit, the
number of members of the representational body of that unit shall be increased to a number
required to achieve that representation and as elected shall be considered minority members who
have not been elected in the order of proportional success of each electoral list, unless otherwise
provided in the law governing the election of members of the representational body of the regional
self-government unit.
(5) Should even the application of the provisions of paras. 2 and 3 of this article fail to result in
the desired representation of minority members in the representational body of a local selfgovernment
unit, or a regional self-government body under para. 4 of this article, in compliance
with these provisions, a by-election shall be announced in the self-government unit concerned..
(6) Candidacy and the election of members of the representational bodies of local and regional
self-government units pursuant to the provisions of paras. 2, 3, 4 and 5 of this article shall be
regulated under the law governing the election of members of the representational bodies of local
and regional self-government units.
(7) Official census results shall be a basis for determining the number of minority members
required for the implementation of the provisions of this article. Prior to any election, the official
census results in respect of the number of minority members in a local or regional self-government
unit shall be adjusted to changes which may have been recorded in the latest confirmed polling list
of that unit.


Article 21
The local and regional self-government units where minority members do not constitute a
majority can stipulate in their statutes that minority members are to be elected to the
representational body in or above their proportional share in the total population of that unit.


Article 22
(1) In a local or regional self-government unit (hereinafter: self-government unit) where a
proportional representation of minority members is required under the provisions of this
Constitutional Law, such minority representation shall also be secured in the unit’s executive body.
(2) Minority representation shall be ensured in government and judiciary bodies in compliance
with a special law, with allowance to be made for the share of a national minority in the total
population in the area where a government or a judiciary body has been formed, as well as for the
acquired rights.
(3) The members of national minorities shall be granted the right to representation in the
administrative bodies of self-government units in compliance with the provisions of a special law
regulating local and regional self-government and with the acquired rights.
(4) In filling the vacancies referred to in paragraphs 2 and 3 of this article, preference under
the same conditions shall be given to the representatives of national minorities.

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