LAW No. 59 of 8 July 1974

(published in the official gazette (Albo del Pubblico Palazzo) on 17 July 1974)

Declaration of Citizens' Rights and of the fundamental principles of the San Marinese legal order


Article 15
Judicial protection of individual rights and legitimate interests shall be guaranteed
in the ordinary and administrative courts.
The right to a fair hearing shall be protected at all stages of judicial procedure.
The law shall ensure the speediness, cost-effectiveness and independence of legal
proceedings. Save for statutory exceptions, judges cannot be San Marinese
Penalties, which shall be humane and rehabilitative in nature, may be imposed
solely by a court established by law and only on the basis of legislation without
retrospective effect.
A person charged with an offence shall not be considered guilty until finally