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LAW No. 59 of 8 July 1974

(published in the official gazette (Albo del Pubblico Palazzo) on 17 July 1974)

Declaration of Citizens' Rights and of the fundamental principles of the San Marinese legal order

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Article 15
Judicial protection of individual rights and legitimate interests shall be guaranteed
in the ordinary and administrative courts.
The right to a fair hearing shall be protected at all stages of judicial procedure.
The law shall ensure the speediness, cost-effectiveness and independence of legal
proceedings. Save for statutory exceptions, judges cannot be San Marinese
citizens.
Penalties, which shall be humane and rehabilitative in nature, may be imposed
solely by a court established by law and only on the basis of legislation without
retrospective effect.
A person charged with an offence shall not be considered guilty until finally
convicted.

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