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CRIMINAL CODE

 

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Article 1431 - Human trafficking

1. Purchase or sale of human beings, or any unlawful transactions in relation to them, by means of threat, use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, blackmail, fraud, deception, by abuse of a position of vulnerability or power or by means of giving or receiving of payment or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, as well as recruitment, carriage, concealing, hiring, transporting, providing, harbouring or receiving of a human being for exploitation, 

shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of seven to twelve years, with deprivation of the right to hold an official position or to carry out a particular activity for up to three years.

2. The same act committed:

a) by the offender knowingly to a pregnant women;

b) knowingly by the offender against a helpless person or a person who financially or otherwise depends on the offender;

c) by abusing the official position, 

shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of nine to fourteen years, with deprivation of the right to hold an official position or to carry out a particular activity for up to three years.

3. The same act committed:

a) repeatedly;

b) against two or more persons;

c) by taking the victim abroad;

d) using violence or threat of violence which is dangerous for life or health, 

shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of 12 to 15 years, with deprivation of the right to hold an official position or to carry out a particular activity for up to three years.

4. The act provided for by paragraphs 1, 2 or 3 of this article:

a) committed by an organised group;

b) caused the death of the victim or resulted in other grave consequences, 

shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of 15 to 20 years, with deprivation of the right to hold an official position or to carry out a particular activity for up to three years.

Note:

1. For the purposes of this article and Article 1432 of this Code, the following shall constitute exploitation for the purpose of gaining material or other benefit:

a) inducing a person to perform labour or other services;

b) inducing a person to provide sexual services;

c) engaging a person in criminal activities, prostitution, pornographic or other anti-social activities;

d) removing, transplanting or otherwise using an organ, part of an organ or tissue of the human body by force or deception;

e) subjecting a human being to practices similar to slavery or to modern-day slavery. Subjecting a human being to modern-day slavery shall mean creation of such conditions when the person performs certain work or renders services in favour of another person in return for payment, inadequate payment or without payment, and he/she is not able to change these circumstances because of his/her dependence on that person. Dependence on a person may be caused by, among other things:

e.a) confiscation, control or intentional unlawful handling of personal identification documents

e.b) restriction of the right to free movement or control of free movement;

e.c) restriction or control of communication (including correspondence and phone calls) with family members or other persons;

e.d) creation of coercive or threatening environment.

2. For the purposes of this article and Article 1432 , it does not matter whether a person consents to his/her pre-determined exploitation.

3. For the acts provided for by this article, a legal person shall be punished by deprivation of the right to carry out activities or with liquidation and a fine.

Law of Georgia No 2355 of 6 June 2003 – LHG I, No 18, 24.6.2003, Article 117

Law of Georgia No 2937 of 28 April 2006 – LHG I, No 14, 15.5.2006, Article 90

Law of Georgia No 2458 of 20 June 2003 – LHG I, No 21, 15.7.2006, Article 196

Law of Georgia No 3530 of 25 July 2006 – LHG I, No 37, 7.8.2006, Article 271

Law of Georgia No 2473 of 29 May 2014 – web-site, 4.6.2014

Article 1432 - Child trafficking

1. Purchase or sale of children, or other unlawful transactions in relation to them, as well as their recruitment, carriage, concealment, hiring, transportation, provision, harbouring or reception for exploitation, - shall be punished by imprisonment for eight to twelve years, with deprivation of the right to hold an official position or to carry out a particular activity for up to three years.

2. The same act committed:

a) by the offender knowingly to a pregnant women;

b) knowingly by the offender against a helpless person or a person who financially or otherwise depends on the offender;

c) by abusing the official position, - shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of 11 to 15 years, with deprivation of the right to hold an official position or to carry out a particular activity for up to three years.

3. The same act committed:

a) repeatedly;

b) using coercion, blackmail or deception;

c) against two or more children;

d) by taking the victim abroad;

e) using violence or threat of violence dangerous for life or health,

shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of 14 to 17 years, with deprivation of the right to hold an official position or to carry out a particular activity for up to three years.

4. The act provided for by paragraphs 1, 2 or 3 of this article:

a) committed by an organised group;

b) causing the death of the victim or other grave consequences,

shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of 17 to 20 years, with deprivation of the right to hold an official position or to carry out a particular activity for up to three years or with life imprisonment.

Note:

For the acts provided for by this article, a legal person shall be punished by deprivation of the right to carry out activities or with liquidation and a fine.

Law of Georgia No 2355 of 6 June 2003 – LHG I, No 18, 24.6.2003, Article 117

Law of Georgia No 2980 of 14 August 2003 – LHG I, No 20, 5.9.2003, Article 191

Law of Georgia No 2937 of 28 April 2006 – LHG I, No 14, 15.5.2006, Article 90

Law of Georgia No 3309 of 20 June 2003 – LHG I, No 25, 13.7.2006, Article 196

Law of Georgia No 3530 of 25 July 2006 – LHG I, No 37, 7.8.2006, Article 271

Law of Georgia No 2473 of 29 May 2014 – web-site, 4.6.2014

Article 1433 - Using services of victims (person affected by) of human trafficking

1. Knowingly using the services rendered by a victim of or person affected by a crime provided for by Articles 1431 and 1432of this Code, which, under Article 1431  of this Code, constitutes exploitation, - shall be punished by restriction of liberty for up to four years or with imprisonment for a term of three to five years.

2. The same act committed:

a) repeatedly;

b) knowingly by the offender against a pregnant woman;

c) knowingly by the offender against a helpless person or a person who financially or otherwise depends on the offender;

d) by abusing the official position,

shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of five to seven years, with deprivation of the right to hold an official position or to carry out a particular activity for up to three years.

3. The same act committed:

a) against two or more persons;

b) using violence or threat of violence which is dangerous for life or health,

shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of seven to twelve years, with deprivation of the right to hold an official position or to carry out a particular activity for up to three years.

4. The act provided for by paragraphs 1, 2 or 3 of this article committed by an organised group,

shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of 12 to 15 years, with deprivation of the right to hold an official position or to carry out a particular activity for up to three years.

Note:

A person who committed a crime stipulated by this Code shall be released from criminal liability if he/she voluntarily provided information about this to the investigative authorities in writing or by using any technical means of communication, contributed to the conduct of investigation and his/her actions do not contain elements of any other crime.

Law of Georgia No 4706 of 8 May 2007 – LHG I, No 18, 22.5.2007, Article 136

Law of Georgia No 2473 of 29 May 2014 – web-site, 4.6.2014

Law of Georgia No 2473 of 24 July 2015 – web-site, 4.8.2015

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