Federal Constitution of the Swiss Confederation of 18 April 1999

(Status as of 1 January 2016) 


Art. 8 Equality before the law

1 Every person is equal before the law.

2 No person may be discriminated against, in particular on grounds of origin, race, gender, age, language, social position, way of life, religious, ideological, or political convictions, or because of a physical, mental or psychological disability.


Art. 15 Freedom of religion and conscience

1 Freedom of religion and conscience is guaranteed.

2 Every person has the right to choose freely their religion or their philosophical convictions, and to profess them alone or in community with others.

3 Every person has the right to join or to belong to a religious community, and to follow religious teachings.

4 No person may be forced to join or belong to a religious community, to participate in a religious act, or to follow religious teachings. 


Art. 72  Church and state

1 The regulation of the relationship between the church and the state is the responsibility of the Cantons.

2 The Confederation and the Cantons may within the scope of their powers take measures to preserve public peace between the members of different religious communities.

3 The construction of minarets is prohibited.34


34  Adopted by the popular vote on 29 Nov. 2009, in force since 29 Nov. 2009 (Federal Decree of 12 June 2009, Federal Council Decree of 5 May 2010; AS 2010 2161; BBl 2008 6851 7603, 2009 4381, 2010 3437).