Print   

Criminal Code (excerpts)

 

[...]

Chapter 17 - Offences against public order (563/1998)

 

Section 7 – State border offence (146/2014)

(1) A person who

    1) crosses the border of Finland without a valid passport, visa, residence permit or other document comparable to a passport, or does so other than through a valid point of entry into or departure from the country, or contrary to a statutory prohibition, or attempts the same,

    2) otherwise breaches the provisions on border crossing, or

    3) stays, moves or undertakes measures in the border zone in violation of section 51 of the Border Zone Act or without the permission required under section 52 of the Act,

shall be sentenced for a state border offence to a fine or imprisonment for at most one year.

(2) A foreigner who is refused entry or deported as a result of the act referred to in subsection 1 or a foreigner who seeks asylum or applies for a residence permit as a refugee in Finland shall not be sentenced for a border offence. Also a foreigner who has committed the act referred to in subsection 1 due to the fact that he or she has been subjected to trafficking in human beings referred to in Chapter 25, section 3 or 3(a) shall not be sentenced for a border offence. (650/2004)

[...]

Chapter 25 - Offences against personal liberty (578/1995)

 

Section 3 - Trafficking in human beings (650/2004)

(1) A person who

    1) by taking advantage of the dependent status or vulnerable state of another person or by pressuring another,

    2) by deceiving another person or by taking advantage of a mistake made by that person,

    3) by paying remuneration to a person who has control over another person, or

    4) by accepting such remuneration

takes control over another person, recruits, transfers, transports, receives or provides accommodation for another person for purposes of sexual abuse referred to in Chapter 20, section 9, subsection 1(1) or comparable sexual abuse, forced labour or other demeaning circumstances or removal of bodily organs or tissues shall be sentenced for trafficking in human beings to imprisonment for at least four months and at most six years. (1177/2014)

(2) Also a person who takes control over another person below the age of eighteen years or recruits, transfers, transports, receives or provides accommodation for that person for the purposes mentioned in subsection 1 shall be sentenced for trafficking in human beings even if none of the means referred to in subsection 1(1) –(4) have been used. (1177/2014)

(3) An attempt is punishable.

Section 3(a) - Aggravated trafficking in human beings (650/2004)

(1) If, in trafficking in human beings,

    1) violence, threats or deceitfulness is used instead of or in addition to the means referred to in section 3,

    2) grievous bodily harm, a serious illness or a state of mortal danger or comparable particularly grave suffering is intentionally or through gross negligence inflicted on another person,

    3) the offence has been committed against a child below the age of eighteen years or against a person whose capacity to defend himself or herself has been substantially diminished, or

    4) the offence has been committed within the framework of an organized criminal group referred to in Chapter 6, section 5, subsection 2 (564/2015) and the offence is aggravated also when considered as whole, the offender shall be sentenced for aggravated trafficking in human beings to imprisonment for at least two years and at most ten years.

(2) Also a person who enslaves or keeps another person in servitude, transports or trades in slaves shall be sentenced for aggravated trafficking in human beings if the act is aggravated when assessed as whole.

(3) An attempt is punishable.

[...]

Section 10 – Corporate criminal liability (511/2011)

The provisions on corporate criminal liability apply to trafficking in human beings and aggravated trafficking in human beings. The provisions laid down on corporate criminal liability apply to menace when a motive for the offence was race, skin colour, birth, national or ethnic origin, religion or belief, sexual orientation or incapacity or other corresponding grounds.