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Criminal Code of the Kyrgyz Republic (1998, last amended 2006) (excerpts)

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Article 20. Criminal Responsibility of a Person with Mental Disorder not
Excluding Sanity
(1) A sane person that could not fully realize actual nature and
social danger of one's actions (omission) or was unable to manage oneself
due to mental disorder, shall be recognized criminally liable.
(2) Mental disorder not excluding sanity shall be taken into
account by court in assigning a punishment and may serve as a ground for
assigning medical coercive actions.

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Article 136. Violation of Privacy of Correspondence, Telephone
Communication, Postal, Telegraph or Other Messages
(1) Violation of privacy of correspondence, telephone
communication, postal, telegraph or other messages of citizens, -
shall be sentenced by fine in amount of 50 to 100 minimum monthly
wages.
(2) The same act committed by a person with the use of one's
official position or special technical means designed to obtain
information secretly, -
shall be sentenced by fine in amount of 100 to 300 minimum monthly
wages, or revocation of the right to hold certain positions or be engaged
in certain activities for up to 5 years, or up to 3 months of arrest.
(3) Unlawful manufacturing, sale or purchase with the purpose of
sale of special technical means designed to obtain information secretly,
shall be sentenced by fine in amount of 200 to 500 minimum monthly
wages, or up to 3 years of imprisonment with revocation of the right to
hold certain positions or be engaged in certain activities for up to 3
years.

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Article 138. Denial of Information
Official's illegitimate denial to provide documents and materials
collected under established procedures, directly concerning rights and
freedoms of a citizen, or providing the citizen with knowingly incomplete
or false information, if substantially damaging rights and legitimate
interests of citizens, -
shall be sentenced by fine in amount of up to 50 minimum monthly
wages, or revocation of the right to hold certain positions or be engaged
in certain activities for up to 5 years, or up to 3 months of arrest.

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Article 145. Medical Secrecy Disclosure
(1) Disclosure of information of patient's illness or medical
examination results by medical, pharmaceutical or other staff, with no
professional or service necessity, -
shall be sentenced by fine in amount of up to 30 minimum monthly
wages.
(2) The same act expressed in communication of information on a
person's being HIV-infected, -
shall be sentenced by fine in amount of up to 50 minimum monthly
wages, or up to 2 years of imprisonment.
(3) Acts provided by parts 1 and 2 of this Article, if resulting in
severe consequences through carelessness, -
shall be sentenced by up to 3 years of imprisonment.

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Article 160. Disclosure of Adoption Secrecy
Disclosure of adoption secrecy against the will of the foster
parent, -
shall be sentenced by fine in amount of up to 50 minimum monthly
wages, or up to 2 months of arrest.

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Article 193. Unlawful Obtaining of Information Constituting Commercial or
Bank Secret
Collecting of information constituting commercial or bank secret by
document theft, bribery and threats towards holders of commercial or bank
secrets or their family members, wiretapping, unlawful entry of computer
systems or networks, using special technical means or in any other
illegal manner, with the purpose of such secret further disclosure or
use, -
shall be sentenced by fine in amount of 50 to 100 minimum monthly
wages, or up to 6 months of arrest.

Article 194. Commercial or Bank Secret Disclosure
Unlawful disclosure or use of commercial or bank secrets without
their holder's consent by a person to which such information is known due
to professional or service duties, causing large damage to a commercial
organization or an individual entrepreneur, -
shall be sentenced by fine in amount of 100 to 200 minimum monthly
wages, or up to 100 hours of public works.
Note: Criminal prosecution of acts provided by this Article shall
be commenced at request of the aggrieved commercial organization or an
individual entrepreneur.

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Article 257. Concealment or Distortion of Information About
Circumstances Endangering Human Life or Health
(1) Concealment or distortion of information about developments,
facts, or phenomena endangering human life or health, or the environment,
committed by a person who is duty-bound to supply the population with
such information,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of five hundred to seven
hundred minimum monthly wages or by deprivation of liberty for a term of
up to two years with disqualification to hold specified offices or to
engage in specified activity for a term of up to three years.
(2) The same acts, if they are committed by a person holding a post
in the government, and likewise by the head of a local self-government
body, if such acts have inflicted harm to man's health or have resulted
other grave consequences,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of seven hundred to one
thousand minimum monthly wages or by deprivation of liberty for a term of
up to five years with disqualification to hold specified offices or to
engage in specified activity for a term of up to three years.

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Article 289. Illegal Access to Computer Information
(1) Illegal accessing of legally-protected computer information,
that is, information on machine-readable media, in computers, computer
systems, and their networks, if this deed has involved the destruction,
blocking, modification, or copying of information, or the disruption of
the work of the computers, computer systems, or their networks, shall be
punishable by a fine in the amount of one hundred to three hundred
minimum monthly wages or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to
two years.
(2) The same deed, committed by a group of persons in a preliminary
conspiracy or by an organized group, or by a person through his official
position, and likewise by a person who has access to computers, computer
systems, or their networks, shall be punishable by a fine in the amount
of two hundred to five hundred minimum monthly wages or by arrest for a
term of three to six months or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up
to three years.

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Article 292. High Treason

High treason, that is disclosure of state secrets, or any
other assistance rendered to a foreign State or foreign organization in
hostile activities to the detriment of the external security of the
Kyrgyz Republic, committed by a citizen of the Kyrgyz Republic, shall be
punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term from twelve to twenty
years with confiscation of property.
Note. A person who has committed crimes stipulated in the present
Article, or by Articles 293 and 295 of the Code, shall be relieved from
criminal responsibility if he has facilitated the prevention of further
damage to the interests of the Kyrgyz Republic by informing the
governmental authorities of his own free will and in due time, or in any
other way, if his actions contain no other corpus delicti.

Article 293. Espionage
Transfer, and also collection, theft, or keeping for the purpose of
transfer to a foreign state, a foreign organization, or their
representatives of information constituting a state secret, and also
transfer or collection of other information under the order of a foreign
intelligence service, to the detriment of the external security of the
Kyrgyz Republic, if these deeds have been committed by a foreign national
or a stateless person, shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for
a term of ten to twenty years with confiscation of property.

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Article 300. Disclosure of a State Secret
(1) Disclosure of information comprising a state secret, by a person
to whom it has been entrusted or to whom it has become known through his
office or work, if this information has become the property of other
persons, in the absence of the characteristic features of high treason or
espionage, shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty with
disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified
activity for a term of up to five years, or by arrest for a term of p to
six months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years.
(2) The same deed, which has involved grave consequences, shall
be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of two to five years.

Article 301. Loss of Documents Containing State Secrets
(1) Violation by a person who has access to state secrets of the
rules for dealing with documents containing state secrets, and with
objects, information about which comprises a state secret, if this has
involved by negligence their loss, shall be punishable by deprivation of
liberty for a term of up to three years with disqualification to hold
specified offices or to engage in specified activity for a term of up to
three years.
(2) The same act which has involved grave consequences, shall be
punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of three to five years
with disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified
activity for a term of up to three years.

Article 302. Transfer of Data Constituting Official Secret or
Collection Thereof for the Purpose of Transfer to Foreign Organizations
(1) Transfer of economic, scientific and technical or other data,
constituting official secret or collection thereof for the purpose of
transfer to foreign organizations or their representatives by a person,
who has been entrusted access to the above data through his official
position or at work or by any other way, shall be punishable by
deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years.
(2) The same acts that inflicted large property damage to state or
public organizations, or caused grave consequences, shall be punishable
by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to eight years.

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Article 333. Disclosure of the Data of a Preliminary Investigation
Disclosure of the data of a preliminary investigation, by a person
who is warned in the statutory manner that it is impermissible to
disclose this information, if this act has been committed without the
consent of a procurator, investigator, or a person conducting inquests,
Shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of one hundred to two
hundred minimum monthly wages or by arrest for a term of up to six
months.

Article 334. Disclosure of Information About Security Measures
Applicable to the Judge and Other Participants in a Criminal Trial
(1) Disclosure of information about security measures applicable to
a judge or any other person who takes part in the administration of
justice, officer of the court, victim, witness, or other participants in
a criminal trial, or applicable to their relatives, if this act has been
committed by a person to whom this information has been entrusted or to
whom this information has become known in connection with his official
activity,
Shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of one hundred to two
hundred minimum monthly wages or by arrest for a term of up to six
months.
(2) The same act caused grave consequences,
Shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to
five years.

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Article 344. Disclosure of Information About Security measures
Protecting a Public Officer of a Law-enforcement or Controlling Agency
(1) Disclosure of information about security measures protecting a
public officer of a law-enforcement or controlling body, and also
protecting his relatives, if this deed has been committed to obstruct his
official activity,
Shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of two hundred to four
hundred minimum monthly wages or by arrest for a term of up to four
months.
(2) The same deed caused grave consequences,
Shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to
five years.

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