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Criminal Code of Finland (excerpts)

Chapter 38 - Data and communications offences (578/1995)

Section 1 - Secrecy offence (578/1995)
A person who in violation of a secrecy duty provided by an Act or Decree or
specifically ordered by an authority pursuant to an Act
(1) discloses information which should be kept secret and which he or she has
learnt by virtue of his or her position or task or in the performance of a duty, or
(2) makes use of such a secret for the gain of himself or herself or another
shall be sentenced, unless the act is punishable under chapter 40, section 5, for a
secrecy offence to a fine or to imprisonment for at most one year.

Section 2 - Secrecy violation (578/1995)
(1) If the secrecy offence, in view of the significance of the act as concerns the
protection of privacy or confidentiality, or the other relevant circumstances, is petty
when assessed as a whole, the offender shall be sentenced for a secrecy violation to a
fine.
(2) Also a person who has violated a secrecy duty referred to in section 1 and it is
specifically provided that such violation is punishable as a secrecy violation, shall
also be sentenced for a secrecy violation.

(...)

Chapter 40
Section 5 - Breach and negligent breach of official secrecy (604/2002)

(1) If a public official intentionally, while in service or thereafter, unlawfully
(1) discloses a document or information which pursuant to the Act on the
Openness of Government Activities (621/1999) or another Act is to be kept
secret of not disclosed, or
(2) makes use of the document or information referred to in paragraph (1) to the
benefit of himself or herself or to the loss of another,
he or she shall be sentenced, unless a more severe penalty for the act has been laid
down elsewhere, for breach of official secrecy to a fine or to imprisonment for at most
two years. A public official may also be sentenced to dismissal if the offence
demonstrates that he or she is manifestly unfit for his or her duties.
(2) If a public official commits the offence referred to in subsection 1 through
negligence, and the act, in view of its harmful and damaging effects and the other
relevant circumstances, is not of minor significance, he or she shall be sentenced,
unless a more severe penalty for the act is provided elsewhere in the law, for
negligent breach of official secrecy to a fine or to imprisonment for at most six
months.