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FEDERAL LAW
NO. 30-FZ OF MARCH 14, 2002
ON THE BODIES OF THE JUDICIAL CORPS IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
(with the Amendments and Additions of July 4, 2003, August 14, 2004, April 5, 2005, December 25, 2008, July 17, 24, November 28, 2009)


Passed by the State Duma on February 15, 2002
Endorsed by the Federation Council on February 27, 2002


Chapter I
The Judicial Corps in the Russian Federation and
the Bodies of the Judicial Corps


Article 1. The Judicial Corps in the Russian Federation
The Judicial Corps in the Russian Federation (hereinafter referred to as the Judicial Corps) is made up of judges of federal courts of every type and level, judges of courts of the subjects of the Russian Federation, all of whom constitute the judicial system of the Russian Federation.

Article 2.
The Judge as a Member of the Judicial Corps
1. Judges of federal courts and courts of the subjects of the Russian Federation shall be regarded as members of the Judicial Corps as soon as they are sworn into office as judges and until the entry into force of a decision to terminate the powers of a judge, except when the termination of powers is due to the judge's honorary retirement or honorary resignation.
2. The judge in resignation shall remain a member of the Judicial Corps until the termination of his or her resignation and may, with his or her consent thereto, participate in the work within bodies of the Judicial Corps. The judge in resignation shall have no right to elect members to judicial qualification assemblies or be elected a member of judicial qualification assemblies from the Judicial Corps.

Article 3. Bodies of the Judicial Corps
1. The bodies of the Judicial Corps shall be set up and act in compliance with the federal constitutional laws and federal laws in order to represent the interests of the judges as representatives of judicial power.
2. The bodies of the Judicial Corps in the Russian Federation shall be:
the All-Russian Judicial Congress ;
judicial conferences of the subjects of the Russian Federation;
the judicial Council of the Russian Federation;
judicial Councils of the subjects of the Russian Federation;
general meetings of judges sitting in court;
the Supreme judicial qualification assembly of the Russian Federation;
judicial qualification assemblies of the subjects of the Russian Federation.
3. The activity of the bodies of the Judicial Corps shall be regulated by the acts (rules, regulations) adopted by the said bodies.

Article 4. Basic Tasks of the Bodies of the Judicial Corps
The basic tasks of the bodies of the Judicial Corps shall be:
1) to assist in improving the judicial system and legal proceedings;
2) to protect the rights and legitimate interests of the judges;
3) to contribute to the organizational, personnel and resource support of judicial activity;
4) to strengthen the authority of judicial power, to ensure compliance by the judges with requirements of the code of judicial ethics.

Article 5.
Principles of Organization and Activity of the Bodies of the Judicial Corps
1. The bodies of the Judicial Corps shall conduct their activities on the basis of collective decision-making and openness, subject to the unconditional observance of principles of independence of the judges and non-interference in the judicial activity.
2. The judicial Councils and judicial qualification assemblies shall be set up on the basis of electivity, rotation in office and accountability to bodies which have elected them. The judicial qualification assemblies shall not be accountable for decisions taken by them to bodies which have elected them.

Article 6.
The All-Russian Judicial Congress
1. The All-Russian Judicial Congress (hereinafter referred to as a congress) is a supreme body of the Judicial Corps.
The congress shall have the right to take decisions on all and any issues pertaining to the activity of the Judicial Corps, except for issues assigned to the powers of judicial qualification assemblies and shall also be authorized to endorse a code of judicial ethics and acts regulating the activity of the Judicial Corps. Decisions of the congress shall be taken by a simple majority vote unless the congress establishes another decision-making procedure.
2. Delegates to the congress shall be elected on the basis of the following quotas of representation:
from the judges of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation and the Higher Arbitration court of the Russian Federation - ten judges from each such court;
from the judges of a federal arbitration court of a circuit - two judges from each such court;
from the judges of an appellate arbitration court - two judges from each such court;
from the judges of each supreme court of the republic, territory and regional court, city court of federal significance, court of an autonomous region and court of an autonomous area - one judge from each such court and also additionally one judge from every 50 judges of each supreme court of the republic, territory and regional court, city court of federal significance, court of an autonomous region and court of an autonomous area;
from the judges of each arbitration court of a subject of the Russian Federation - one judge from each such court and also additionally one judge from every 30 judges of each arbitration court of the subject of the Russian Federation;
from the judges of each circuit (naval) military court - two judges from each such court;
from the judges of garrison military courts - one judge from each subject of the Russian Federation in whose territory such garrison military courts operate;
from the judges of district courts - one judge from each subject of the Russian Federation and also additionally one judge from every 100 judges of district courts which operate in the territory of the subject of the Russian Federation;
from the justices of the peace - one justice of the peace from each subject of the Russian Federation;
from the judges of each constitutional (statutory) court of a subject of the Russian Federation - one judge from each such court.
3. Delegates to the congress from the judges of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, the Higher Arbitration court of the Russian Federation, federal arbitration courts of circuits, arbitration appellate courts, circuit (naval) military courts shall be elected at general meetings of judges of those courts while delegates from the judges of other courts - at judicial conferences of the subjects of the Russian Federation.
The congress shall be convened once every four years by the judicial Council of the Russian Federation. A special congress shall be convened if a decision to that effect has been taken by judicial conferences within no less than half of the subjects of the Russian Federation.
The congress shall be considered to be legally competent provided it is attended by more than half of elected delegates.
The chief judge of the judicial Council of the Russian Federation shall preside at the congress.

Article 7. Judicial conferences of the subjects of the Russian Federation
1. Judicial conferences of the subjects of the Russian Federation (hereinafter referred to as judicial conferences) shall introduce the judges of supreme courts of the republics, territory and regional courts, city courts of federal significance, the court of an autonomous region and courts of autonomous districts, arbitration courts of the subjects of the Russian Federation, constitutional (statutory) courts of the subjects of the Russian Federation and also the judges of the peace, judges of district courts and garrison military courts operating in the territory of respective subjects of the Russian Federation.
The judicial conferences shall have the right to take decisions on all and any issues pertaining to the activity of the Judicial Corps within the subjects of the Russian Federation, except for issues assigned to the powers of judicial qualification assemblies and shall also be authorized to endorse acts regulating the activity of bodies of the Judicial Corps within the subjects of the Russian Federation. Decisions of judicial conferences shall be taken by a simple majority vote unless the conferences establish another decision-making procedure.
2. The judicial conferences shall be convened by the judicial Council of a respective subject of the Russian Federation as it becomes necessary, not less, however, than once every two years.
The procedure for electing delegates to the first judicial conference following the entry into force of this Federal law and quotas of their representation from respective courts shall be approved by the judicial Council of a respective subject of the Russian Federation, and to subsequent judicial conferences - by the judicial conference.
Delegates to judicial conferences shall be elected with due regard for the necessity to represent at such conferences judges from supreme courts of the republics, territory and regional courts, city courts of federal significance, the court of an autonomous region and courts of autonomous districts, arbitration courts of the subjects of the Russian Federation, constitutional (statutory) courts of the subjects of the Russian Federation and also judges of the peace, judges of district courts and judges from garrison military courts operating in the territories of respective subjects of the Russian Federation.
The chief judge of the judicial Council of a respective subject of the Russian Federation shall preside at the judicial conference.

Article 8. Setting up of judicial Councils
1. The Judicial Council of the Russian Federation shall be set up by the All-Russia Judicial Congress from among the judges of federal courts, as well as from the judges of courts of the subjects of the Russian Federation.
The quotas of representation in the Judicial Council of the Russian Federation shall be as follows:
from the judges of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation and the Higher Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation - two judges from each such court;
from the judges of federal arbitration courts of circuits - two judges from each such court;
from the judges of appellate arbitration courts - two judges from each such court;
from the judges of supreme courts of republics, territory and regional courts, city courts of federal significance, the court of an autonomous region and courts of autonomous areas - five judges;
from the judges of arbitration courts of the subjects of the Russian Federation - eight judges;
from the judges of circuit (naval) military courts - two judges;
from the judges of garrison military courts - three judges;
from the judges of district courts - eight judges;
from the justices of the peace - five justices of the peace;
from the judges of constitutional (statutory) courts of the subjects of the Russian Federation - three judges;
from each subject of the Russian Federation - one judge to be elected by the congress on the proposal of a respective judicial conference of the subject of the Russian Federation.
2. The members of the judicial Council of the Russian Federation representing judges sitting in courts of every type and level shall be elected by secret ballot by delegates to the congress from the respective courts from their own number at delegates' individual meetings. Judges who gained the greatest number of votes of delegates to the congress participating in the voting at delegates' individual meetings shall be considered as elected, provided that more than a half of congress delegates from respective courts took part in the voting.
The members of the judicial Council of the Russian Federation recommended by judicial conferences shall be elected by secret ballot by delegates to the congress. Judges who gained the majority of votes of congress delegates participating in the voting shall be considered as elected.
3. The judicial Council of the Russian Federation shall elect from among its members a chief judge of the judicial Council of the Russian Federation and his deputies to be accountable to the Council.
A member of the judicial Council of the Russian Federation may not be elected as a chief judge or a deputy chief judge of the judicial Council of the Russian Federation more than twice in succession.
The presidium of the judicial Council of the Russian Federation shall be elected by the judicial Council of the Russian Federation from among its members with due regard for the necessity to represent therein judges of federal courts, including judges of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, judges of courts of general jurisdiction, including military courts, judges of arbitration courts and courts of the subjects of the Russian Federation. The chief judge of the judicial Council of the Russian Federation and his deputies shall be members of the Presidium of the Russian Federation judicial Council ex-officio.
4. Judicial Councils of the subjects of the Russian Federation shall be elected by judicial conferences in the number and by the procedure prescribed by judicial conferences in compliance with their respective rules with due regard for the necessity to represent therein judges from supreme courts of the republics, territory and regional courts, city courts of federal significance, the court of an autonomous region and courts of autonomous districts, arbitration courts of the subjects of the Russian Federation, constitutional (statutory) courts of the subjects of the Russian Federation respectively and also judges of the peace, judges of district courts and garrison military courts operating in the territories of respective subjects of the Russian Federation.
The judicial Council of the subjects of the Russian Federation shall elect from among its members a chief judge of the judicial Council of the subject of the Russian Federation and his deputies to be accountable to the Council.
A member of the judicial Council of the subject of the Russian Federation may not be elected as a chief judge or deputy chief judge of the judicial Council of the subject of the Russian Federation more than twice in succession.
5. The powers of a member of the judicial Council may be terminated ahead of time either on his or her own initiative or in case of disciplinary misconduct committed by him or her. A decision on early termination of the powers of members of judicial Councils shall be the competence of the judicial congress or judicial conference respectively and in between judicial congresses (conferences) - by a respective judicial Council.

Article 9. Judicial Council of the Russian Federation as a Body of the Judicial Corps
1. The judicial Council of the Russian Federation is an elected body of the judicial corps which is accountable only to the congress.
2. The judicial Council of the Russian Federation shall be convened as necessary, not less, however, than twice a year.
3. The presidium of the judicial Council of the Russian Federation shall be a working body of the judicial Council of the Russian Federation which is set up to promptly solve on a collective basis issues identified in accordance with the rules of the judicial Council of the Russian Federation.
The meetings of the Presidium of the judicial Council of the Russian Federation shall be held as is necessary, not less, however, than four times a year.
4. The chief judge of the judicial Council of the Russian Federation shall call the judicial Council of the Russian Federation, the Presidium of the judicial Council of the Russian Federation and direct the work of the same as is envisaged under the rules of the judicial Council of the Russian Federation.
5. The chief judge of the Russian Federation judicial Council shall represent the Russian Federation judicial Council at state authority bodies and bodies of local self-administration, public associations, in mass information media and also in the exercise of international cooperation.
6. On the instructions of the chief judge of the judicial council of the Russian Federation his powers may be exercised by one of his deputies.

Article 10. Powers of the Judicial council
1. The Judicial council of the Russian Federation shall:
1) convene the All-Russian Judicial Congress;
2) give its approval to the appointment and removal from office of the General director of the Judicial department under the Russian Federation Supreme Court and consider his annual reports on the organizational, personnel and resource support of judicial activity;
3) elect judges as members of the Higher judicial qualification assembly of the Russian Federation to replace those resigned in between congresses;
4) study, summarize and disseminate the experience of work of bodies of the Judicial Corps, prepare recommendations to improve their activity;
5) determine a procedure for involving the judges of garrison military courts operating outside the Russian Federation in the work of bodies of the Judicial Corps of the subjects of the Russian Federation;
6) exercise other powers assigned to its competence under the federal laws.
2. The representatives of the judicial Council of the Russian Federation shall have the right to participate in the discussion of a draft federal law on the federal budget at the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation.
3. The judicial Council of the Russian Federation and also other bodies of the Judicial Corps shall within their respective competence maintain direct relations with the bodies of the Judicial Corps and professional judicial associations of other states, with international organizations and also mass information media.
4. The judicial Councils of the subjects of the Russian Federation shall:
1) consider in between judicial conferences all issues assigned to the competence of judicial conferences, except for the election of judicial qualification assemblies of the subjects of the Russian Federation and review of their reports;
2) convene judicial conferences;
3) elect judges as members of judicial qualification assemblies of the respective subjects of the Russian Federation to replace those resigned in between judicial conferences.
5. The judicial Council of the Russian Federation and judicial Councils of the subjects of the Russian Federation shall have the right to exercise their respective powers, provided they are constituted by not less than two thirds.

Article 11.
Setting up of Judicial Qualification Assemblies
1. The judicial qualification assemblies shall be made up from the judges of federal courts, judges of courts of the subjects of the Russian Federation, representatives of the public, and representatives of the President of the Russian Federation.
2. The higher judicial qualification assembly of the Russian Federation shall comprise 29 assembly members.
The assembly members from among the judges shall be elected on the basis of the following quotas of representation:
from the judges of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation - two judges;
from the judges of the Higher Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation - two judges;
from the judges of federal arbitration courts of circuits - two judges;
from the judges of appellate arbitration courts - two judges;
from the judges of supreme courts of the republics, territory and regional courts, city courts of federal significance, the court of an autonomous region and courts of autonomous areas - four judges;
from the judges of arbitration courts of the subjects of the Russian Federation - three judges;
from the judges of circuit (naval) military courts - three judges.
Ten members of the assembly as representatives of the public shall be appointed by the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation.
One member of the assembly as a representative of the President of the Russian Federation shall be appointed by the President of the Russian Federation.
3. The judges as members of the Higher judicial qualification assembly of the Russian Federation shall be elected at the congress by secret ballot by delegates to the congress from respective courts from their own number at delegates' individual meetings.
The judges who have gained at the delegates' individual meetings the greatest number of votes of congress delegates participating in the voting shall be regarded as elected, provided the voting was attended by more than a half of the congress delegates from respective courts.
The election of judges to the Higher judicial qualification assembly of the Russian Federation to replace those resigned between the congresses shall be the competence of the judicial Council of the Russian Federation.
4. The judicial qualification assembly of the subject of the Russian Federation shall be made up subject to the following quotas of representation:
from the judges of the Supreme Court of the republic, territory and regional court, city court of federal significance, the court of an autonomous region and that of an autonomous district - two judges;
from the judges of the arbitration court of the subject of the Russian Federation - five judges;
from the judges of garrison military courts - one judge;
from the judges of district courts - three judges;
from the judges of the constitutional (statutory) court of the subject of the Russian Federation - one judge;
from the judges of the peace - one judge;
seven representatives of the public;
one representative of the President of the Russian Federation.
The judicial qualification assembly within the subjects of the Russian Federation in which a total number of judges sitting in court specified in Paragraph two - six of this Item is less than 30 (thirty), shall be set up in the number of 11 (eleven) assembly members subject to the following quotas of representation:
from the judges of the Supreme Court of the republic, territory and regional court, city court of federal significance, the court of an autonomous region and that of an autonomous district - one judge;
from the judges of the arbitration court of the subject of the Russian Federation - two judges;
from the judges of garrison military courts - one judge;
from the judges of district courts - two judges;
from the judges of the constitutional (statutory) court of the subject of the Russian Federation - one judge;
from the judges of the peace - one judge;
two representatives of the public;
one representative of the President of the Russian Federation.
If, within the subject of the Russian Federation, there is neither a supreme court of the republic, nor territory, regional court nor city court of federal significance, nor court of an autonomous region, nor court of an autonomous district nor arbitration court of the subject of the Russian Federation, nor constitutional (statutory) court of the subject of the Russian Federation nor judges of the peace, nor garrison military courts, then the judicial qualification assembly of the given Russian Federation subject shall be made up without representatives of the judges of those courts. In that case, quotas of representation specified in Paragraphs 2-8 (two-eight) of this Item shall be preserved.
5. The judges of the arbitration court of St.Petersburg and the Leningrad region shall be elected as members of the judicial qualification assembly and other bodies of the Judicial Corps St.Petersburg.
The judicial qualification assembly of the Leningrad region shall be set up subject to the following quotas of representation:
from the judges of the Leningrad regional court - two judges;
from the judges of garrison military courts - one judge;
from the judges of district courts of the Leningrad region - three judges;
from the judges of the statutory court of the Leningrad region - one judge;
from the judges of the peace - one judge;
four representatives of the public;
one representative of the President of the Russian Federation.
The judges of the district courts and judges of the peace of the Evenkysky autonomous district shall be elected as members of the judicial qualification assembly and other bodies of the Judicial Corps of the Krasnoyarsk territory.
6. The judges to the judicial qualification assembly of the subject of the Russian Federation shall be elected by secret ballot at judicial conferences in accordance with the procedure prescribed by that conference.
The election of judges as members of the judicial qualification assembly of the subject of the Russian Federation to replace those resigned in between conferences shall be effected by the judicial Council of the subject of the Russian Federation.
Representatives of the public as members of the judicial qualification assembly of the subject of the Russian Federation shall be appointed by a legislative (representative) body of state power of the subject of the Russian Federation according to the procedure established under the laws and other statutory acts of the subject of the Russian Federation.
The representative of the President of the Russian Federation at the judicial qualification assembly of the subject of the Russian Federation shall be appointed by the President of the Russian Federation.
7. Chief judges and their deputies may not be members of the judicial qualification assemblies. The Chairman of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, the Chairman of the Higher Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation and deputies thereof may not be members of the Higher Judicial Qualification Assembly of the Russian Federation.
The judge may not be elected at the same time as a member of the judicial Council and judicial qualification assembly of the same level nor may he act as a member of judicial qualification assemblies of different levels.
A member of the judicial qualification assembly may not be elected a chief judge or deputy chief judge of the judicial qualification assembly more than twice in succession.
The powers of a member of the judicial qualification assembly from the number of judges may be terminated ahead of time either on his or her own initiative or in case of a disciplinary misconduct committed by him or her or in the event of him or her being absent from the meetings of the judicial qualification assembly for a period of four months without a valid excuse. A decision on the early termination of powers of members of judicial qualification assemblies from the number of judges shall be taken by a judicial congress (conference) and in between judicial congresses (conferences) - by a respective judicial Council.

GARANT system comment
Federal Law No. 96-FZ of July 4, 2003 reworded Item 8 of Article 11 of this Federal Law
See the previous text of the Item


8. Citizens of the Russian Federation who have reached 35 years of age, have a higher legal education, have not committed any actions discrediting them, do not hold any state or municipal posts or posts of a state or municipal service, are not heads of organisations and institutions irrespective of their organisational-legal forms and forms of ownership, advocates and notaries may be representatives of the public in the qualification collegia of judges.
Citizens of the Russian Federation who have a higher legal education and have not committed any actions discrediting them may be representatives of the President of the Russian Federation in the qualification collegia of judges.
When exercising the powers of a member of a qualification collegium of judges and also in their out-of-office relations, a representative of the public and a representative of the President of the Russian Federation must avoid anything that might diminish the prestige of the judicial power or raise doubts about the objectivity, justice and impartiality of the said representatives.
By decision of the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation or the legislative (representative) body of state power of an entity of the Russian Federation, respectively, the powers of a member of a qualification collegium of judges who is a representative of the public may, before time, be terminated if he has committed an action discrediting him and also has systematically not fulfilled the duties of a member of a qualification collegium of judges.
The powers of a member of a qualification collegium of judges who is a representative of the President of the Russian Federation may be terminated before time by the President of the Russian Federation.

Article 12. General Meeting of Judges Sitting in Court
To discuss issues associated with improving the organization of work of the court, express legitimate interests of the judges and also to conduct, in the instances established under this federal law, elections of delegates to a judicial congress (conference), each court may convene general meetings of judges not rarely than once a year. The general meeting may take a decision to elect a judicial Council of the given court.

Article 13.
Term of Powers of Elected Bodies of the Judicial Corps
1. The judicial Council of the Russian Federation and judicial Councils of the subjects of the Russian Federation shall be elected for a period of four and two years respectively.
The Higher judicial qualification assembly of the Russian Federation and judicial qualification assemblies of the subjects of the Russian Federation shall be set up for a period of four and two years respectively.
2. Upon the expiry of the said terms, the powers of elected bodies of the judicial corps shall be retained until the holding of regular judicial congress or conference or general meetings of judges.

Article 14. Rules of the Work of Bodies of the Judicial Corps
1. The rules of the work of the All-Russian Judicial Congress and rules of conducting meetings of the judicial Council of the Russian Federation shall be endorsed by the All-Russian Judicial Congress.
2. The rules of the work of judicial conferences and those of conducting meetings of judicial Councils of the subjects of the Russian Federation shall be endorsed by judicial conferences of the subjects of the Russian Federation.
3. Judicial qualification assemblies shall conduct their activities in compliance with the regulations on the procedure of work of judicial qualification assemblies to be approved by the Higher judicial qualification assembly of the Russian Federation.

Article 15. Inquiries, Applications and Decisions of the Bodies of the Judicial Corps and Time-Limits for Their Review
1. Judicial Councils and judicial qualification assemblies shall have the right to claim and receive from state authorities, public associations and officials the information and documents required for their activities.
2. Inquiries, applications and decisions of bodies of the Judicial Corps shall be reviewed within a period of one month as from receipt thereof by the state authorities, public associations and officials.

Article 16. Interaction with the Bodies of the Judicial Corps
1. The judicial Councils and judicial qualification assemblies shall regularly exchange information on their activity.
2. The judicial Council of the Russian Federation and the Presidium of the judicial Council of the Russian Federation, the Higher judicial qualification assembly of the Russian Federation and the Presidium of the Higher qualification judicial assembly of the Russian Federation shall forward to the judicial Councils and judicial qualification assemblies of the subjects of the Russian Federation respectively essential information on their respective activities.
3. Judicial Councils and judicial qualification assemblies of the subjects of the Russian Federation shall inform the judicial Council of the Russian Federation and the Higher judicial qualification assembly of the Russian Federation respectively of their activity.

Chapter II
Powers of Judicial Qualification Assemblies

GARANT system comment
See The Rules of the Higher Qualification Judicial Assembly of the Russian Federation (passed in its new version by Decision of the Fifth All-Russian judicial congress of November 29, 2000)


Article 17. Powers of the Higher Qualification Judicial Assembly of the Russian Federation
1. The Higher Qualification Judicial Assembly of the Russian Federation shall consider issues assigned to its competence under the federal constitutional laws, federal laws and shall take the relevant motivated decisions.
2. The Higher Qualification Judicial Assembly of the Russian Federation shall:
1) consider applications of candidates to the posts of the Chief Judge of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, Chief Judge of the Higher Arbitration court of the Russian Federation, their deputies and submit to the President of the Russian Federation its conclusions;

2) consider applications of candidates to the posts of chief judges, deputy chief judges of other federal courts (except for district courts) and also judges of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, the Higher Arbitration court of the Russian Federation, federal arbitration courts of circuits, appellate arbitration courts, military courts and submit its respective conclusions to the Chief Judge of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation and the Chief Judge of the Higher Arbitration court of the Russian Federation;
2.1) consider proposals of the Chairman of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation on approving judges of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation by members of the Presidium of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, members of the Cassation Chamber of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, as well as on approving the Chairman of the Cassation Chamber of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, Chairmen of the Civil Court Chamber, Criminal Court Chamber, Military Court Chamber, of other chambers and deputies thereof and shall present their opinions to the Chairman of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation;

2.2. check without fail data published in mass media on the conduct of a judge that does not satisfy the requirements of the judicial ethics code and undermines the authority of judicial power, if an opinion to recommend him/her for the post of judge has been given by this assembly;

3) announce in mass media outlets the opening of vacancies of chief judges, deputy chief judges of federal courts (except for district courts) and also judges of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, the Higher Arbitration court of the Russian Federation, federal arbitration courts of circuits, appellate arbitration courts, military courts indicating the time and place of acceptance and review of documents;

4) suspend, resume or terminate the powers (with the exception of the termination of the authority of judges having attained the maximum age for service as a judge) and also terminate the resignation of chief judges, deputy chief judges of federal courts (except for district courts), judges of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, the Higher Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation, federal arbitration courts of circuits, appellate arbitration courts, military courts, members of the judicial Council of the Russian Federation and the Higher judicial qualification assembly of the Russian Federation, chief judges of judicial Councils and judicial qualification assemblies of the subjects of the Russian Federation;

5) conduct qualification assessments of chief judges, deputy chief judges of federal courts (except for the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, the Higher Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation and district courts) and also judges of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, the Higher Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation, federal arbitration courts of circuits, appellate arbitration courts and military courts;

6) offer its conclusion as to the possibility of using judges in resignation to perform the duties of judges of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, the Higher Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation, federal arbitration courts of circuits, appellate arbitration courts and military courts;
7) promote judges to the first and higher qualification grades;

8) impose disciplinary penalties on chief judges, deputy chief judges of federal courts (except for district courts) and also judges of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, the Higher Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation, federal arbitration courts of circuits, appellate arbitration courts and military courts, members of the Judicial Council of the Russian Federation and the Higher Judicial Qualification Assembly of the Russian Federation, chairmen and deputy chairmen of the judicial councils and judicial qualification assemblies of the subjects of the Russian Federation in cases of disciplinary misconduct committed by them;
9) approve regulations on the procedure of work of judicial qualification assemblies;
10) review issues assigned to the competence of judicial qualification assemblies of the subjects of the Russian Federation, if those assemblies find it impossible to solve them;

10.1) consider complaints against decisions of qualification judicial assemblies of constituent entities of the Russian Federation;
11) familiarize itself with the work of judicial qualification assemblies of the subjects of the Russian Federation, hear reports of their chief judges on the work accomplished and provide recommendations aimed at improving the activity of the said assemblies; investigate and summarize the practice of work of judicial qualification assemblies, organize the training of members of those assemblies;
12) take decisions to recommend judges for state awards of the Russian Federation and to award them with honorary titles of the Russian Federation;
13) exercise other powers provided under the federal constitutional laws and federal laws.
3. The Higher judicial qualification assembly of the Russian Federation may exercise its powers provided it is constituted by not less than two thirds.

Article 18. The Presidium of the Higher Judicial Qualification Assembly of the Russian Federation
1. The Presidium of the Higher qualification judicial assembly of the Russian Federation is made up of the chief judge of the said assembly said assembly said assembly and his three deputies to be elected by the Higher qualification judicial assembly of the Russian Federation from among its members.
2. The presidium of the Higher qualification judicial assembly of the Russian Federation is a work body of that assembly, which is accountable to the assembly and is set up to secure a prompt solution of issues associated with the organization of work of the Higher qualification judicial assembly of the Russian Federation.

3. To ensure the activities and to organize the work of the Higher Judicial Qualification Assembly of the Russian Federation shall form the staff which shall be a structural unit of the Judicial Department under the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation.

Article 19.
Powers of the Judicial Qualification Assemblies of the Subjects of the Russian Federation

1. The judicial qualification assemblies of the subjects of the Russian Federation shall consider the issues assigned to their competence under the federal constitutional laws, federal laws and shall take motivated decisions regarding the judges of supreme courts of the republics, territory and regional courts, city courts of federal significance, the court of an autonomous region and courts of autonomous districts, arbitration courts of the subjects of the Russian Federation, judges of the peace, judges of district courts (including chief judges and deputy chief judges of district courts), and in the cases provided for under statutory acts of the subjects of the Russian Federation - also regarding judges of constitutional (statutory) courts of the subjects of the Russian Federation.
2. The judicial qualification assemblies of the subjects of the Russian Federation shall:
1) consider the applications of persons applying for the position of judge and with due regard for the results of a qualification exam make conclusions either recommending those persons for position of judge or withholding such recommendation;
1.1) consider proposals of the chairman of supreme courts of republics, territory and regional courts, city courts of federal significance, the court of an autonomous region and courts of autonomous areas on approving judges of these courts by members of the presidiums of the said courts and shall present their opinions to the Chairman of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation;
1.2) consider proposals of chairmen of supreme courts of republics, territory and regional courts, city courts of federal significance, the court of an autonomous region and courts of autonomous areas on approving the chairmen of civil court chambers, criminal court chambers, other court chambers and shall present their opinions to the Chairman of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation who shall approve the chairmen of the said chambers;

1.3) check without fail data published in mass media on the conduct of a judge that does not satisfy the requirements of the judicial ethics code and undermines the authority of judicial power, if an opinion to recommend him/her for the post of judge has been given by this assembly;
2) approve a composition of examining boards to give a qualification exam to applicants for position of a judge of a respective court;
3) announce in mass media outlets the opening of vacancies of chief judges, deputy chief judges of district courts and also judges of respective federal courts indicating the time and place of acceptance and review of documents;

4) organize the verification of accuracy of biographical and other data submitted by applicants for vacancies and where necessary request for the reasons and in the procedure which are provided for by the legislation of the Russian Federation on operative search activity of the Russian Federation the bodies engaged in operative search activities and other state bodies the data required for adoption of a decision in respect of an application for being recommended for a vacant post of judge;

5) suspend, resume or terminate the powers (with the exception of the termination of the authority of judges having attained the maximum age for service as a judge) and also terminate the resignation of judges of respective federal courts (except for the persons specified in Subitem 4 of Item 2 of Article 17 of this Federal law) chief judges and deputy chief judges of district courts, members of respective judicial Councils and judicial qualification assemblies of the subjects of the Russian Federation;
6) conduct qualification assessment of judges of respective courts and also judges of the peace, chief judges and deputy chief judges of district courts; promote judges of respective courts and also judges of the peace, chief judges and deputy chief judges of district courts to qualification grades (except for the first and higher grades);
7) offer conclusions as to the possibility of using judges in resignation to perform the duties of the judges of respective federal courts and also chief judges and deputy chief judges of district courts;
8) impose disciplinary penalties on judges of respective courts (including chief judges and deputy chief judges of district courts) for disciplinary misconduct committed by them;
9) exercise other powers in compliance with the federal constitutional laws and federal laws.
3. The judicial qualification assemblies of the subjects of the Russian Federation shall have the right to exercise their powers provided they are constituted by not less than two thirds.

Article 20. Revision of Decisions By Reason of Newly Discovered Facts
1. The qualification judicial assembly shall have the right to revise a decision earlier made by reason of newly discovered facts.
A petition to revise the said decision by reason of newly discovered facts may be submitted to the judicial qualification assembly by an applicant for the position of judge or by a judge with respect to whom the decision has been taken and also by an official at whose suggestion the decision has been taken, by the chairman of an appropriate or superior court. A judicial qualification assembly shall be entitled to revise its decision in the absence of the said petition, if newly discovered facts do not allow to recognize a previously adopted decision as lawful and well-founded.
2. The grounds for revision of the decision by reason of newly discovered facts shall imply such facts which have not been known to the judicial qualification assembly and which, either taken alone or together with earlier established facts, provide grounds for taking another decision.

Chapter III
Procedure at Judicial Qualification Assemblies


Article 21.
Procedure for Considering by Judicial Qualification Assemblies of Materials Submitted
1. The preparation of a meeting of the judicial qualification assembly shall be effected by the chief judge or deputy chief judge of the judicial qualification assembly who shall fix the time and place of holding the meeting and also define the persons to be invited to attend the meeting.
The persons invited shall be advised in due time of the time and place of holding the meeting.
2. A judge against whom proceedings have been initiated by the judicial qualification assembly shall have the right to familiarize himself with materials available with the judicial qualification assembly and submit his objections and remarks.
3. The time and place of holding the meeting of the judicial qualification assembly shall be advised to the judge against whom proceedings have been initiated well in advance to enable him to appear for the meeting.
4. In case of failure to appear without a valid excuse for the meeting of the judicial qualification assembly by a judge who has been duly notified of the time and place of holding the meeting, the judicial qualification assembly shall examine the issue in his absence.
If the case in point is the disciplinary liability of a judge and a judge being brought to criminal liability, the powers of the judge may, given the relevant decision to that effect of the judicial qualification assembly, be suspended until a decision has been taken on the substance of the issue. The said decision may be taken in the absence of the judge, including his being absent for a valid reason.
5. A member of the judicial qualification assembly may, with its consent thereto, not participate in the consideration of a specific material. A member of the judicial qualification assembly who has attended its meeting shall have no right to abstain from voting.
6. The meetings of the judicial qualification assemblies may be attended, with the right to express their opinion on issues of the agenda, by chief judges and deputy chief judges, heads of the Judicial department under the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation and of bodies incorporated within its system, chief judges and deputy chief judges of judicial councils, other judicial qualification assemblies or their representatives.

Article 22. Specificity of Consideration of Reports and Applications Regarding a Disciplinary Misconduct Committed by a Judge
1. A report of the chief judge of a respective court or a superior court or an application of a body of the Judicial Corps for the termination of powers of a judge due to a disciplinary misconduct committed by him shall be considered by the judicial qualification assembly with the availability in the submitted materials of data supporting the facts of committing the said misconduct and data characterizing the judge.
The judicial qualification assembly shall within its respective competence have the right to carry out additional verification of materials submitted, apply for extra materials and hear out explanations of relevant persons on the facts of disciplinary misconduct committed by the judge.

2. The complaints and reports offering data on disciplinary misconduct committed by the judge and received by the judicial qualification assembly from bodies and officials not specified in Item 1 of this Article and also from citizens shall either be verified by the judicial qualification assembly on its own or forwarded for verification to the chief judge of a respective court.
For holding an independent verification the judicial qualification assembly shall form a commission from among members of the council of judges and members of the judicial qualification assembly, as well as from among public members and staff members of the judicial qualification assembly. The verification results shall be reported by the commission to a meeting of the judicial qualification assembly which shall render a decision on the merits.
3. If the powers of a judge are to be terminated in connection with disciplinary misconduct committed by him or the availability of data on the said misconduct committed by him which requires further verification, the consideration of an application of the judge for the termination of his powers for other grounds shall be suspended until the given issue has been examined on its merits.

Article 23. Procedure for Taking Decisions by Judicial Qualification Assemblies
1. The judicial qualification assembly shall be authorized to take decisions, provided its meeting is attended by more than a half the members of the judicial qualification assembly.
A decision shall be regarded as taken provided it has been supported by the vote of more than a half the members of the judicial qualification assembly attending the meeting.
A decision to suspend or terminate the powers of a judge or on his resignation shall be regarded as taken if it has been supported by the vote of not less than two thirds of the members of the judicial qualification assembly attending the meeting.
2. The voting and decision-taking shall be conducted in the absence of the judge whose issue is on the agenda and also in the absence of persons invited to attend or other persons. A member of the judicial qualification assembly shall have the right to set out in writing his dissenting opinion, which shall be enclosed with a protocol of the judicial qualification assembly.

2.1.
The decision by the results of consideration of the issue of an early termination of authority of a judge in connection with the commission by him of a disciplinary offence or of the issue of termination of the dismissal of a judge in connection with carrying out by him of activity incompatible with the post of a judge, or with commission of actions disgracing him, shall be taken by secret vote of the members of the qualifications collegium of judges. The procedure for secret voting shall be established by the regulations on the procedure for the work of qualifications collegiums of judges.

2.2. In the event of adoption by the qualifications collegium of judges of a decision on an early termination of the authority of a judge in connection with commission by him of a disciplinary offence or of a decision on termination of the dismissal of a judge in connection with carrying out by him of activity incompatible with the post of a judge, or with commission of actions disgracing him, in each of such decisions there must be indicated the reasons for its adoption.
3. The decision of the judicial qualification assembly shall be signed by the chief judge presiding at the meeting and a secretary of the judicial qualification assembly. In the absence of the secretary of the judicial qualification assembly, the assembly shall take a decision to temporarily impose his or her duties on one of the assembly members.

Article 24.
Protocol of the Meeting of the Judicial Qualification Assembly
1. In the course of the meeting of the judicial qualification assembly each issue on the agenda shall be the subject of a separate protocol which shows all the necessary data on the progress of the meeting. The protocol shall be signed by the judge presiding at the meeting and the secretary of the assembly.
2. The person whose issue has been examined and the person who made the report shall, within three days after receipt of notification of the signing of a protocol of the judicial qualification assembly meeting, have the right to apply in writing to the judicial qualification assembly with a request to be familiarized with the protocol and submit his remarks. The said remarks shall be attached to the protocol of the meeting of the judicial qualification assembly.
3. The secretary of the Higher Qualification Judicial Assembly of the Russian Federation shall be a regular employee of the Judicial department under the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, while the secretary of judicial qualification assemblies of the subjects of the Russian Federation shall be a regular employee of bodies incorporated within its system of the subjects of the Russian Federation.

Article 25.
Time Limits for Review by Judicial Qualification Assemblies of Materials
The materials received shall be reviewed by the Higher Qualification Judicial Assembly of the Russian Federation not later than within three months and, by judicial qualification assemblies of the subjects of the Russian Federation, not later than within one month as from their receipt by the assembly, unless other time limits are fixed by federal laws.

Article 26. Appealing of Decisions of Judicial Qualification Assemblies

1
. A decision taken by the judicial qualification assembly may be appealed in due course of law or with the Higher Judicial Qualification Assembly of the Russian Federation (as regards decisions of judicial qualification assemblies of a constituent entity of the Russian Federation) by the person in respect of whom it has been taken.
2. A decision of the Higher Qualification Judicial Assembly of the Russian Federation and judicial qualification assemblies of the subjects of the Russian Federation to suspend or terminate the powers of a judge, bring him to disciplinary liability, demand his resignation or suspend the resignation and also to refuse to recommend him for the position of judge may be appealed against by the person concerned within ten days as from receipt of a copy of a respective decision.
The said decisions of the Higher Qualification Judicial Assembly of the Russian Federation may be appealed before the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation whereas those of the judicial qualification assemblies of the subjects of the Russian Federation - before respective supreme courts of the republics, territory, regional courts, city courts of federal significance, the court of an autonomous region and courts of autonomous districts.
3. Other decisions of the judicial qualification assemblies may be appealed by the same procedure only by reason of violation of the procedure for taking such decisions.
4. Decisions of the judicial qualification assemblies shall take effect as soon as they are announced. Decisions of the judicial qualification assemblies shall be announced as soon as they are taken.

Chapter IV
Support of Activity of the Bodies of the Judicial Corps

Article 27.
Organizational Support of Activity of the Bodies of the Judicial Corps
1. The organizational support of activity of the bodies of the Judicial Corps shall be provided by the Judicial department under the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation and bodies incorporated within its system.
2. The judicial Council of the Russian Federation and the Higher Qualification Judicial Assembly of the Russian Federation shall provide methodological assistance to respective bodies of the Judicial Corps in their activity.
3. The identification card of the chief judge of the Higher Qualification Judicial Assembly of the Russian Federation shall be signed by the chief judge of the judicial Council of the Russian Federation.
The identification cards of members of the Higher Qualification Judicial Assembly of the Russian Federation and chief judges of judicial qualification assemblies of the Russian Federation shall be signed by the chief judge of the Higher Qualification Judicial Assembly of the Russian Federation.
The identification cards of members of judicial qualification assemblies of the subjects of the Russian Federation shall be signed by the chief judges of the respective judicial qualification assemblies.

Article 28. Financial and Material-technical Support of Activities of the Bodies of the Judicial Corps
1. The creation of appropriate conditions for activities of the bodies of the Judicial Corps, including for the upkeep of their staff, for the foundation of printed publications of the bodies of the Judicial Corps and also the financial and material-technical support of activities of the bodies of the Judicial Corps shall be entrusted to the Judicial department under the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation and bodies incorporated within its system.
2. The financial and material-technical support of activities of the All-Russian Judicial Congress, the judicial Council of the Russian Federation and the Presidium of the judicial Council of the Russian Federation, the Higher Qualification Judicial Assembly of the Russian Federation and the Presidium of the Higher Qualification Judicial Assembly of the Russian Federation shall be entrusted to the Judicial department under the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation.

Chapter V
Final provisions

Article 29. Procedure for This Federal Law Taking Effect
1. This federal law shall take effect as from the day of its official publication.
2. The Higher Qualification Judicial Assembly of the Russian Federation set up prior to the entry into force of this federal law shall exercise its powers until the appointment of representatives of the public and the representative of the President of the Russian Federation. The members of the Higher Qualification Judicial Assembly of the Russian Federation set up prior to the entry into force of this federal law shall exercise its powers until the expiry of the term for which they have been elected, jointly with representatives of the public and the representative of the President of the Russian Federation as members of the Higher Qualification Judicial Assembly of the Russian Federation instituted in accordance with this federal law.
3. The judicial qualification assemblies of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, of the subjects of the Russian Federation, military districts, military force and navies, the Higher Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation and other arbitration courts and also examining boards set up prior to the entry into force of this federal law, shall continue to exercise their powers until the formation of respective judicial qualification assemblies and examining boards provided under this federal law but within not more than six months as from the effective date of this federal law.
4. The judicial Council of the Russian Federation elected prior to the entry into force of this federal law shall exercise its powers until the expiry of the term for which it was formed.
5. The judicial Councils of the subjects of the Russian Federation, military districts, military force and navies, arbitration courts elected prior to the entry into force of this federal law, shall continue to exercise their powers until the election of respective judicial Councils of the subjects of the Russian Federation envisaged under this federal law, but within not more than six months as from the effective date of this federal law.
6. The judicial conferences and general meetings of judges shall be held within the subjects of the Russian Federation within three months as from the effective day of this federal law in accordance with the procedure established under this federal law to elect judges to judicial Councils of the subjects of the Russian Federation and judicial qualification assemblies of the subjects of the Russian Federation.
7. The judicial qualification assemblies and examining boards set up prior to the entry into force of this federal law shall pass all the documentation, including archives, over to the newly formed relevant judicial qualification assemblies and examining boards.
8. The term of powers of the members of judicial Councils and judicial qualification assemblies specified under Items 3 and 4 of Article 8, Item 7 of Article 11 of this federal law shall be counted, proceeding from the fact that the initial term of powers is a term for which the judge has been elected after the entry into force of this federal law.
9. To declare the following to be null and void as from the effective date of this federal law:
Decree of the Presidium of the RSFSR Supreme Soviet of December 6, 1989 On the Endorsement of Regulations On the Procedure for Convening and Conduct of the Conference of Judges in Courts of RSFSR (Vedomosti Verkhovnogo Soveta RSFSR, 1989, No. 50, Item 1479);
Item 1 of Decision of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation No. 4960-1 of May 13, 1993 On the Endorsement of Regulations On Judicial Qualification Assemblies and Regulations On the Qualification Assessment of Judges (Vestnik Syezda Narodnykh Deputatov Rossiiskoy Federatsii i Verkhovnogo Soveta Rossiiskoy Federatsii, No. 24, 1993, Item 856);
Item 10 of Article 1 of Federal law No. 144-FZ of November 16, 1997 On the Introduction of Changes and Amendments To the Laws and Other Legal Acts of the Russian Federation In Connection With the Adoption of the Federal Constitutional Law On Arbitration Courts in the Russian Federation and the Arbitration Procedural Code of the Russian Federation (Sobranie Zakonodatelstva Rossiiskoy Federatsii, No. 47, 1997, Item 5341).
To establish that as from the effective day of this Federal Law, the Regulations on the Qualification Assessment of Judges endorsed by Decision of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation No. 4960-1 of May 13, 1993 on the Endorsement of Regulations On Qualification Judicial Assemblies and Regulations on the Qualification Assessment of Judges (Vestnik Syezda Narodnykh Deputatov Rossiiskoy Federatsii i Verkhovnogo Soveta Rossiiskoy Federatsii, No. 24, 1993, Item 856) shall apply in so far as they do not conflict with this federal law.

President
of the Russian Federation                                                                                     V. Putin
Moscow, the Kremlin