Article 1291. Trafficking in human beings

(1) Trafficking in human beings, i.e. the purchase/ sale of a person, or his/ her recruiting, transportation, harbouring or transfer to another person, committed for the purpose of his/ her exploitation,

shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term from four to ten years.

(2) The same act committed:

а) against two or more persons;

б) against a person who is known to the perpetrator to be a minor;

в) with the use of official powers;

г) related to illegally moving the abducted person across the State Border of Turkmenistan or illegally keeping him/ her outside the State Border of Turkmenistan;

д) with the use of violence or threat of using thereof;

e) for the purpose of extracting organs and tissues from the abducted person for transplantation

shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term from eight to fifteen years.

(3) The acts mentioned by parts one or two of this Article:

а) if they have resulted in the victim's death by negligence or infliction of grave bodily harm upon the victim or other grave consequences;

б) committed in a manner endangering the lives and health of several persons;

в) committed by a criminal group or by a criminal organization

shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term from fifteen to twenty five years.


1. A person who has committed the act specified in part one and paragraph “a” of part two of this Article, voluntarily freed the victim and assisted in investigation of the committed crime shall be relived from criminal responsibility, provided that there is no other corpus delicti in his acts.

2. Under this Article, exploitation of a person shall mean his/ her use by other persons for the purpose of engagement in prostitution or other forms of his/ her sexual exploitation, slave labour (services), and servitude.