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Article 54(1) provides that judges are to take into account the motives and aggravating circumstances of a crime when making sentencing decisions. Although this article does not specifically mention racist motivation, a judge may make use of it in order to take such a motivation into account and thus hand down a more severe penalty.


Incitement to hatred / Dissemination of racist ideas [2]

§162: (1) A person who propagates or abets to racial or national hostility or hatred or to racial discrimination shall be punished by deprivation of liberty for up to three years and by public censure.

Chapter 3, Section 2 (Crimes against Religious Denominations),

§164: A person who propagates hatred on a religious basis by speech, through the press, action or in another way, shall be punished by deprivation of liberty for up to three years or by corrective labour.

Personal violence
 

§163: prohibits taking part in a crowd rallied to attack groups, individuals or property in connection with their national or racial affiliation.  Aggravating factors include the crowd being armed or the infliction of severe bodily injury or death.

Punishment by imprisonment or corrective labour.